Vocabulary For Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 (part 3)

IELTS Writing Task 1 vocabulary:

Following are the vocabularies for Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 grouped as Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, and Phrase to help you improve your vocabulary and understanding of the usages of these while describing a graph.



A growth: There was a growth in the earning of the people of the city at the end of the year.
An increase: Between the noon and evening, there was an increase of the temperature of the coast area and this was probably because of the availability of the sunlight at that time.
A rise: A rise of the listener in the morning can be observed from the bar graph.
An improvement: The data presents that there was an improvement of the traffic condition between 11:00 am till 3:00 pm.
A progress: There was a progress in the law and order of the city during the end of the last year.

Rapid Increase:

A surge: From the presented information, it is clear that there was a surge in the number of voters in 1990 compared to the data given for the previous years.
A rapid increase/ a rapid growth/ a rapid improvement: There was a rapid growth in the stock value of the company ABC during the December of the last year.

N.B: Following adjectives can be used before the above nouns to show a rapid growth/ increase of something:

Rapid, Sudden, Steady, Noticeable, Mentionable, Tremendous, huge, enormous, massive, vast, gigantic, monumental, incredible, fabulous, great etc.

(The above list is the words which are actually adjective and can be used before nouns to show the big changes)


A/ The peak: The number of visitors reached to the peak in 2008 and it exceeded 2 million.
Top/ highest/ maximum: The oil prices reached to the top/ highest in 1981 during the war.

N.B: Some of the words to present the highest/ top of something are given bellow:

Apex, pyramid, zenith, acme, obelisk, climax, needle, spire, vertex, summit, tower, most, greatest, max, tops, peak, height, crown...


A fluctuation: There was a fluctuation of the passenger numbers who used the railway transportation during the year 2003 to 2004.
A variation: A variation on the shopping habit of teenagers can be observed from the data.
A disparately/ dissimilarity/ an inconsistency: The medicine tested among the rabbits shows an inconsistency of the effect it had.

IELTS vocabulary explained for graph


Stability: The data from the line graph show a stability of the price in the retail market from January till June for the given year.
A plateau: As is presented in the line graph, there was a plateau of the oil price from 1985 to 1990.


A fall: There was a fall of the price of the energy bulbs in 2010 which was less than $5.
A decline: A decline occurred after June and the production reached to 200/day for the next three months.
A decrease: After the initial four years, the company’s share price increased and there was a decrease of the loss it was bearing.

Steadiness and decrease in IELTS vocabulary 2


Using 'Nouns' and 'Verbs' to describe trends in a graph:





Verbs                                                       Nouns

Increased (to)                                         An increase

Rose (to)                                                 A rise

Climbed (to)                                           An upward trend  

Went up (to)                                            A growth



Verbs                                                       Nouns

Surge                                                       A surge

Boomed (to)                                           A boom / a dramatic increase.  




Verbs                                                       Nouns

Decreased (to)                                       A decrease

Declined (to)                                           A decline

Fell (to)                                                    A  fall

Reduce (to)                                            A reduction

Dipped (to)                                           

Dropped (to)                                           A drop

Went down (to)                                      A downward trend




Verbs                                                       Nouns


Slumped (to)                                          A slum / a dramatic fall. 

Plummeted (to)




Verbs                                                       Nouns

Remained stable (at)                                             

Remained static (at)

Remained steady (at)

Stayed constant (at)

Levelled out (at)                                   A level out 

Did not changed                                  No change

Remained unchanged                       No change

Maintained the same level

Plateaued (at)                                      A plateau





Verbs                                                       Nouns

Fluctuated (around)                              A fluctuation                                          

Oscillated                                               An oscillation





Verbs                                                       Nouns

Peaked (at)                                             The peak/ apex/ zenith/ summit/ the highest point 




Verbs                                                       Nouns

Bottomed (at)                                         The lowest point/ the bottom/ bottommost point    



Use 'adjective/adverb' to indicate the movement of a trend.
1. There has been a slight increase in the unemployment rate in 1979 at which point it stood at 12%.
2. The price of gold dropped rapidly for the next three years. 


Use 'adjective' to modify the 'Noun' form of a trend and use 'adverb' to modify the 'verb' form of a trend.

Few more useful vocabulary to use in your report writing:

  • Stood at
  • A marked increase
  • Steep
  • Gradual
  • Hike
  • Drastic
  • Declivity
  • Acclivity
  • Prevalent
  • Plummet


Useful phrases for describing graphs:

  • To level off
  • To reach a plateau
  • To hit the highest point
  • To stay constant
  • To flatten out
  • To show some fluctuation
  • To hit the lowest point
  • Compared to
  • Compared with
  • Relative to




0 # Nonye 2016-12-23 14:18
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+1 # Pavlo 2016-11-17 04:05
Guys, it's "peak", not "pick". Correct it in the "Highest" section, please.
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2016-11-19 07:02
Hi Pavlo,

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