Vocabulary For Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 (part 3)
IELTS Writing Task 1 vocabulary:
Following are the vocabularies for Academic IELTS Writing Task 1 grouped as Noun, Verb, Adjective, Adverb, and Phrase to help you improve your vocabulary and understanding of the usages of these while describing a graph.
A growth: There was a growth in the earning of the people of the city at the end of the year.
An increase: Between the noon and evening, there was an increase of the temperature of the coast area and this was probably because of the availability of the sunlight at that time.
A rise: A rise of the listener in the morning can be observed from the bar graph.
An improvement: The data presents that there was an improvement of the traffic condition between 11:00 am till 3:00 pm.
A progress: There was a progress in the law and order of the city during the end of the last year.
A surge: From the presented information, it is clear that there was a surge in the number of voters in 1990 compared to the data given for the previous years.
A rapid increase/ a rapid growth/ a rapid improvement: There was a rapid growth in the stock value of the company ABC during the December of the last year.
N.B: Following adjectives can be used before the above nouns to show a rapid growth/ increase of something:
Rapid, Sudden, Steady, Noticeable, Mentionable, Tremendous, huge, enormous, massive, vast, gigantic, monumental, incredible, fabulous, great etc.
(The above list is the words which are actually adjective and can be used before nouns to show the big changes)
A/ The peak: The number of visitors reached to the peak in 2008 and it exceeded 2 million.
Top/ highest/ maximum: The oil prices reached to the top/ highest in 1981 during the war.
N.B: Some of the words to present the highest/ top of something are given bellow:
Apex, pyramid, zenith, acme, obelisk, climax, needle, spire, vertex, summit, tower, most, greatest, max, tops, peak, height, crown...
A fluctuation: There was a fluctuation of the passenger numbers who used the railway transportation during the year 2003 to 2004.
A variation: A variation on the shopping habit of teenagers can be observed from the data.
A disparately/ dissimilarity/ an inconsistency: The medicine tested among the rabbits shows an inconsistency of the effect it had.
Stability: The data from the line graph show a stability of the price in the retail market from January till June for the given year.
A plateau: As is presented in the line graph, there was a plateau of the oil price from 1985 to 1990.
A fall: There was a fall of the price of the energy bulbs in 2010 which was less than $5.
A decline: A decline occurred after June and the production reached to 200/day for the next three months.
A decrease: After the initial four years, the company’s share price increased and there was a decrease of the loss it was bearing.
Using 'Nouns' and 'Verbs' to describe trends in a graph:
Increased (to) An increase
Rose (to) A rise
Climbed (to) An upward trend
Went up (to) A growth
Surge A surge
Boomed (to) A boom / a dramatic increase.
Decreased (to) A decrease
Declined (to) A decline
Fell (to) A fall
Reduce (to) A reduction
Dropped (to) A drop
Went down (to) A downward trend
Slumped (to) A slum / a dramatic fall.
Remained stable (at)
Remained static (at)
Remained steady (at)
Stayed constant (at)
Levelled out (at) A level out
Did not changed No change
Remained unchanged No change
Maintained the same level
Plateaued (at) A plateau
Fluctuated (around) A fluctuation
Oscillated An oscillation
Peaked (at) The peak/ apex/ zenith/ summit/ the highest point
Bottomed (at) The lowest point/ the bottom/ bottommost point
Use 'adjective/adverb' to indicate the movement of a trend.
1. There has been a slight increase in the unemployment rate in 1979 at which point it stood at 12%.
2. The price of gold dropped rapidly for the next three years.
Use 'adjective' to modify the 'Noun' form of a trend and use 'adverb' to modify the 'verb' form of a trend.
Few more useful vocabulary to use in your report writing:
- Stood at
- A marked increase
Useful phrases for describing graphs:
- To level off
- To reach a plateau
- To hit the highest point
- To stay constant
- To flatten out
- To show some fluctuation
- To hit the lowest point
- Compared to
- Compared with
- Relative to