Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 74 - Average household expenditures in a country
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» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The pie charts below show the average household expenditures in a country in 1950 and 2010.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
Sample Answer 1:
The provided two pie charts show the expenses made in housing, food, health care, education, transportation and other items in a country in 1950 and 2010. As is observed from the pie charts, in 1950 almost two-third expenditure was in housing whereas this average expenditure has been increased for food, transportation etc. in 2010.
According to the given data, more than 70% expenditure was in housing in 1950. The second most expenditure in this country was in food. All other expenditures including health care, education, transportation etc. were less than 20% in total. After 60 years the trends of expenditure in this country significantly changed. People’s expenditure in housing decreased to only 22% while the expenditure for food increased to 34%. Interestingly the expenditure on education decreased over time while the expenses for transportation increased to 14%. All other expenditure in 1950 was only 4.4% which increased to 19.2% in 2010 which indicates the new addition on category where people started expensing than they did in 1950.
In summary, the expenditure nature of people had changed significantly in 2010 than that had been in 1950.
Model Answer 2:
The two pie charts illustrate the average household outlay by major category in 1950 and 2010.
Overall, in both years, significant expenditure were on housing and food which together covered the most of outlay while other spending wrapped the least amount of spending. However, in 2010, spending were escalated in every category.
In 1950, health care expenditure was 2.4% whereas it increased by almost 2% in 2010. There was dramatical inclinaition in the other spending which became 19.2% in 2010 which was only 4.4% in 1950 . Similarly, the outlay on transportation was elevated in 2010 by 10%.
The expenditure on housing as well as education were only plummeted in 2010, 72.1% to 22.0%, 6.6 to 6.3% respectively. 11.2% of spending was on food in 1950 while it increased extremely in 2010 by 22.5%.
[ Written by - Harpreet ]