Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 89 - The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan
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» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph below shows the unemployment rates in the US and Japan between March 1993 and March 1999.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
» You should write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1:
The given line graph compares the proportion of unemployed people in the US and Japan through the period from March 1993 to March 1999. It is obvious that the unemployment rates of these two countries changed oppositely.
The percentage of the US tended to decrease over the years. However, at the same time, unfortunately, Japan witnessed the rapid growth in the rates. Nevertheless, in 1999, both nations almost had the same percentage, which means the lowest figures of the US were equal to the highest ones of Japan.
In March 1993, the proportion of unemployment in the US was a bit off 7% whereas that of Japan was about 2.5%. It was marked in 1998 when Japan's rate reached the highest point of approximately 5.2%. The contradiction happened to the US: its rate went to the lowest of 4.8%.
Although the processes of figures changing of these countries were totally opposite, the last numbers, amazingly, turned out to be extremely close. In March 1999, the rates of unemployment of the US and Japan stood still at about 5.1% and 4.9% respectively.
[ Written by - Ha Nguyen Nguyen ]
Sample Answer 2:
The given line graph compares the unemployment rates in the USA and Japan from March 1993 to March 1999. As an overall trend, the USA succeeded to decrease its unemployment rate over the time while the scenario was completely reverse in Japan despite its initial ignorable rate of unemployment.
As can be seen from the given illustration, the unemployment rate in the USA was just over 7% in March 1993 while it was less than 2.5% in Japan. However, this rate kept on decreasing in the USA while it went up in Japan. In two years, the percentage of jobless Americans fall to just below 5.5% while it increased in Japan and stood at 3.0% at the same time. The opposite trend of the line graph depicts that unemployment rate in the USA gradually declined while increased in the case of Japan. The rates of joblessness in these two countries intersected each other in between March 1998 and March 1999 when the unemployment rate in both countries was just about 4.5%. At the end of 1998, the percentage of unemployment among the Americans became less than that of Japan. The data presents that jobless people’s percentage in the USA was just above 4.0 in 1999 while this rate in Japan reached to over 4.5% which was more than double than the initial rate of their unemployment.
[Written by - David Smith]
Sample Answer 3:
The given graph compares the unemployment rates in Japan and the USA from 1993 to 1999. As is observed from the given graph, initially in 1993, USA has a higher unemployment rate than it was in Japan but in few years, the USA managed to control this rate and got in a better position that Japan.
According to the line graphs, the unemployment rate in USA was over 7% in 1993 and over time this rate kept on decreasing. Finally in 1999, the unemployment rate in the USA decreased to just over 4.5% which shows the improvement the USA had been able to achieve. On the contrary, in 1993, Japan had about 2% unemployment rate but that kept on increasing over the year and after 6 years it reached to over 4.5%. Japanese job market showed a completely opposite trend than the USA job market.
In summary, the USA managed to control the unemployment rate better than Japan did for the given period though initially Japan had less unemployment problem than the USA.
Sample Answer 4:
The given line graph compares the unemployment rate in two countries: US and Japan from 1993 to 1999. As is observed from given graph, initially unemployment rate in US was much higher than it was in Japan. But after a specific gap of years US managed to resolve the problem of crucial unemployment. Interestingly, after few years unemployment rate in Japan magnified significantly.
As is presented in above line graph, it can be seen clearly, in 1993 unemployment rate in US was exactly 7.0 percent and after period of six years it slumped to approximately 4.5 percent in 1999. On contrary, in 1993 Japan was full of prosperity and its unemployment rate was around 2.5 percent. Unfortunately, after six years situation changed completely and unemployment rate in Japan surged over 4.5 percent respectively. Interestingly, Japan job market showed opposite trend than US job market.
Ultimately, US managed to overcome the problematic situation of unemployment in 1999. Apart from this unemployment in Japan kept on soaring year by year and reached at 4.5 percent in 1999. Finally unemployment issue of Japan became severe compared to the USA.
[ Written by - Faisal Ali ]