Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 17 - The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations

The chart below shows the sleep patterns of people in five different occupations according to a Canadian study.

Write a report for a university lecturer, describing the information below.

Give possible reasons for the differences.

    » You should write at least 150 words.
    » You should not take more than 20 minutes on this task.










Truck Driver

Full-time mother

Business Executive


6-7 pm






7-8 pm






8-9 pm






9-10 pm






10-11 pm






11-12 pm






12-1 am






1-2 am






2-3 am






3-4 am






4-5 am






5-6 am






6-7 am






7-8 am






8-9 am






9-10 am






10-11 am






11-12 am






12-1 pm






1-2 pm






2-3 pm






3-4 pm






4-5 pm






5-6 pm






Sample Answer 1:
The provided data shows the sleeping pattern of people of different occupations based on a Canadian study. As is observed from the given information, the timing and total hours of sleeping varies based on the occupation group of people

Firstly, students sleep 8 hours a day and their average sleeping hours are from 11:00 pm to 7:00 am. Secondly, Truck drivers sleeps on different times of a day possibly because of their job nature and variation of driving schedules and they sleeps around 6 hours a day.  Again, Full time mothers sleep from 10 pm and with some intervals they also shows a variation on sleeping times and in total they sleep 8 hours a day. Business executives sleep 6 hours a day but they have a consistent sleeping pattern like the students and they sleeps from 11.00 pm to 5:00 am on an average. Finally the doctors sleep fewer hours than people from other occupation. They sleep from 1:00 a.m. to 7:00 a.m. with an interval of one hour.

In summary, the sleeping patterns vary based on the occupation of the people and students & full-time mothers sleep more hours in a day while doctors sleep comparatively less among the different categories of people.

Model Answer 2:
The given illustration demonstrates sleep patterns of students, full-time mothers, truck drivers, doctors and business executives based on a study conducted in Canada. As is observed, people’s sleeping time and duration vary greatly based on their occupations.

As is given in the chart, students have a steady and uninterrupted sleeping pattern. They usually sleep between 11 pm and 7 pm and this is probably because they have to attend classes during the day time. The truck drivers sleep at different times of the day and they do not sleep for long hours. They sleep fewer hours than the students but more than doctors. The most probable reason for this is unfixed duty at different times of the day. Then comes the full-time mothers who also have an inconsistent sleeping pattern and they need to take care of their children and that is why remain awake from 1-3 am which should have been the time for sound sleep. Business executives, on the other hand, sleep more than the doctors but less than the students. They sleep continuous hours between 11 pm and 5 am. Since they need to remain busy at their workplaces, they try to sleep at night time. Finally, doctors have the most erratic sleeping pattern and they sleep fewer hours than others. They go to bed at 1 am and awake at 7 am. But the 3-4 am sleeping pattern for doctors shows that they need to remain awake at these hours.  

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.21 (14 Votes)


+15 # Sewar J. Haddadin 2016-02-13 11:15
The given chart presents the result of a Canadian study which was conducted to gather data about sleeping patterns for different people including students, truck drivers, full time mothers, business executives and doctors.

As an overall trend, it can be seen that students and business executives normally have a regular, efficient and sequential sleep hours while truck drivers have irregular, discrete and separate sleeping hours probably because of their work requirements. Other significant trend can be seen that students and full time mothers sleep 8 hours daily. However the full time mothers sleep in a distracted fashion for 2 hours during night and always substitute the distracted time by a nap for 2 hours in noon. Interestingly, doctors’ sleeping hours are the fewest among all. They sleep only 5 irregular hours from 1:00 am 3:00 and then from 4:00 am until 7:00, whereas the dawn time for them is the time to wake up for an hour possibly because they might be on call. Noticeably, the most reliable sleep pattern was for students and business executives. However, students normally sleep 8 hours from 11:00 pm until 7:00 due to their school timing while business executives sleep for 6 hours.

From the given data it can be concluded that the occupation is a core factor to the people’s sleep patterns.
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0 # Krishna 2016-08-07 06:00
Good narration.
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+2 # Sahand 2016-02-08 11:15
The provided table gives information about a research which took place in Canada on the sleeping hours of people with different careers during a typical day. As is observed from the illustration, the timing and total hours of sleeping varies based on the job type.

As can be seen, students and business executives sleep ceaselessly, but averagely students sleep for 8 hours starting from 11 pm. Likewise business executives sleep for 6 hours till morning. In contrast to full-time mothers and doctors, truck drivers sleep in different times of a day, probably because of their driving schedule. They sleep 6 hours averagely, starting from 7 am till 10 am in the morning and from 4pm till 7pm in the evening.

As is presented in the table, Doctors’ sleep pattern starts from 1 am till 7 am but it has a gap between 3 am till 4 am, whereas full-time mothers averagely start sleeping from 10 pm till 6 am but they usually are awake from 1 am till 3 am, and in the evening they take a 2-hour nap around 1 pm.

In conclusion, students sleep more orderly and longer than others, whereas doctors have the shortest sleeping pattern, but on the whole truck drivers can’t sleep in a suitable manner.
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-2 # Soroush 2015-09-17 20:07
I think using of Firstly,secondly etc is not suitable cause it depicts an argument. we'd better use first, Second etc.
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+4 # Nima 2015-07-30 12:45
The given table data depicts the sleeping schedules of people in 4 different job categories namely Student, Truck Driver, Full-time mother, Business Executive and Doctor from a Canadian study in one day in terms of hour.

As is presented as a census of perusal the presented chart, student have more time than others for sleeping. Full time mothers and truck drivers have the most irregular sleeping pattern. For example truck drivers sleep at 7-10 am and 4-7 pm and mothers remain awake all of time except at 10 pm-1am, 3-6am and 1-3 pm. Among other jobs, business executives follow a similar sleeping pattern like students. People in this career take rest from 11pm to 5am. In the last job category, ,doctors, have lowest hours of rest with 5 hours in the morning and other time of a day they remain awake.

In conclusion, students have the more time for sleeping and among other careers doctors remain awake most of the time. Also the full time mothers have the most erratic pattern of sleeping.
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# Guest 2014-02-25 15:21
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0 # Cathryn 2014-02-25 14:23
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happening to them as well? This may be a problem with my internet browser because I've had this
happen previously. Thanks
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