Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 23 - Amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

    » You should write at least 150 words.
    » You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.


Academic writing task 1 sample 23

Fig: (Pence Per Person)

Academic writing task 1 sample 23

(Consumption of fast food in gm.)

Sample Answer 1:
The given bar chart compares the per week spending of British citizens on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990. As is seen from the given illustration, expenditure on fast food varied based on people’s income and the pizza was the most consumed item in 70’s but in later years consumption of fish & chips become the highest.

According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on the hamburger (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on fast food. Average income class people also spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class British spent comparatively low on fast food items and fish& chips cost them most (about 17 pence per person). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (only about 7 pence/person).  

On the other hand, the line graph shows the consumption of these three fast food items by British people from 1970 to 1990. Initially, Pizza consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm per person) in 1970. In this year less than 80 gm of hamburger and fish& chips were consumed by an average person. Over the time pizza consumption declined among British citizens and Fish and Chips became the highest consumed fast food item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.

Sample Answer 2:
The given graphs show data on the money spent by British people on fast food items in 1990 and also present the consumption and of three fast food items over 30 years. The expenditure is given for each person in a week in Pence while the consumption is presented in gram per person.

As is presented in the bar graph, in 1990, British people with high-income range spent more than 40 Pence per person in a week on Hamburger per week which is higher than other fast food items. People from this income status spent only 16 pence/person on Fish & Chips while they spent around 18 pence/person on Pizza in a week. Again Hamburger was the most popular fast food item in the medium income earning people also. They spent over 30 pence/person on this food item while they spent only 25 Pence/person on Fish & Pizza and 11 Pence/person on Pizza. Finally, among the low-income group, the fish & chips was the most popular fast food item as they spend most on this item (17 Pence per week by an individual). Their expenditure of pizza was only 6 Pence per week while they spent 14 Pence per week on hamburgers.

According to the line graph, people consume pizza more than any other fast food items in 1970. In this year UK citizens consumed more than 300 grams of pizza while the consumed only 100 grams of hamburger and fish & chips. The percentage of pizza consumption started declining and reached to only 200 grams on 1990. On the contrary, the popularity of the fish and chips reached to 500 grams in 1990 from the initial consumption volume of 80 grams. Finally, the consumption of hamburger also increased over the year and reached to around 300 grams in 1990 from the initial amount of 20 grams.

( This model answer can be followed  as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.13 (12 Votes)


0 # Dhruv 2016-10-08 04:27
Here no information about pence is given. Then why this word is continuously used.
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+1 # Anzal Tehreem 2016-04-07 09:39
The bar graph data represents that, high-income earners consumed considerably more fast food than any other income groups. Expenditure by high-income class people was more than twice on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) than on fish and chips. For the later two fast food items their average expenses were less than 20 pence. Hamburgers remained the most favoured fast food item among average income earners who spent 33 pence per person per week followed by fish and chips (25 pence) and pizza (12 pence). Low-income earners spent the least on fast food, and fish and chips remained the most popular among them followed by hamburgers and then pizza.

The given line graph shows the consumption of these three fast food items from 1970 to 1990. Fish and chips in 1970 was the most consumed item, 300 gm and that gradually decreased over the years till 1985 where it reached its lowest point, 200 gm consumption. After that it tailed off after 1990. Pizza consumption was the lowest in 1970 but over the years, it still couldn't cross fish and chip's sale in 1990. Hamburger consumption in 1970 was slightly below 100 gm and took a dramatic leap starting from 1975 till 1990 leaving behind the other two fast food item. In 1990 the consumption of hamburger reached to over 500 gm which was highest among the consumption of given fast food items.
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+1 # Philomina 2016-03-29 16:04
The supplied graphs illustrate the weekly expenditure of British people on three types of fast food items. The food items are hamburger, fish and chips and pizza and the expenditure is given per person in pence, according to different income levels in 1990. Overall, the trends of weekly consumption per person of hamburger and fish and chips increased during the two decades with a gradual decrease in pizza consumption.

In 1990 high income people spent more money on hamburger per week, on conversely, for low income people, fish and chips represented the highest amount of expenditure. In 1990, the high and average income class spent more money on hamburger which was around 43 and 33 pence respectively. In terms of fish and chips it was highly demanded by average income group, exactly 25 pence, and low income group approximately 16 pence per person. From 1970 to 1990 there was upward trend in hamburger and fish and chips consumption which was around (500 and 290) gram in the same order. On contrary, there was a downward trend in pizza consumption resulted in low weekly expenditure per person in all income levels.
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+2 # Waode Eti 2015-11-17 17:58
The graphs provided reveal information on the individuals’ proportion for spending money on fast foods in the UK and the data of consumption of fast foods for 20 years, commencing from 1970.

According to the first figure, people’s income ranges are categorized into three groups which are high, average and low income. Moreover, fast food consisted are hamburgers, fish and chips and pizza. It can be seen that person who had higher income chose hamburgers as their preference and paid 40 pence per week. While, about 30 and 15 pence were the average costs that average and low income people took out from their pocket respectively.

Furthermore, the second graph illustrates the trend of consuming fast foods for 20 years. In 1970, hamburgers’ consumption was approximately 100 grammes then and it increased four times to about 500 grammes in 1990. Pizza also got popularity in 20 years. However, the only food item that fell gradually in terms of its consumption was fish and chips.

In summary, hamburgers were the favorable fast foods which were consumed not only by higher income class but also by people with average income. In addition, from 1970 to 1990, fast foods consumption tended to give positive trend for hamburgers and pizza.
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0 # Amrit Bayh 2015-08-09 09:22
In the line graph fast food consumption is given in GM, but in answer report you write in tones. Could you explain me this thing, if it is wrong, then you should correct it.
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+1 # Nima 2015-07-14 14:56
The two provided graphs show amount of money spent and consumption trends per week for fast foods in Britain from 1970 to 1990.

The provided bar chart divided salary of people into 3 sections namely high, average and low income for consumption hamburger, fish& chips and pizza. According to illustration, hamburger is eaten more than 40%, 30% and 15% for high, average and low income classes respectively. This meal was eaten less than 50 Pence per Person in 1970 and gradually these amounts was swelled up monotonously and passed from 100 lines until 1985 but it was risen up close to 300 in 1990. In other kinds of food, fish& chips has the lowest attraction among the high income class with 17% but people who had low income is more than other enthusiastic to it and for last group this achieve 25%. This food was better condition in 1970 for hamburger with 90 pence per person and its value increased slowly until 1980 but it rocketed from 150 in 1980 reached to 500 in 1990. In the last meal type, pizza has 18%, 12% and 7% for high, average and low income people respectively. The trends show this meal was very popular in 1970 and that declined steadily and reached to 200 in 1990.

In summary, hamburger was most consumed meal among people who have high and average income but low income class people were very enthusiastic to eat fish& chips more than other food items. The given illustration shows that ‘fish& chips’ was bestselling food in 1990.
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+1 # Latifah 2015-06-29 21:26
Is it correct to use the term (line chart) ?
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2015-07-01 07:54
Dear Latifah,

Line graph and line chart are both correct. For clarification visit the Wikipedia page @
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0 # meenu Vaid 2015-06-18 09:42
I think for task 1 we have 150-180 word limit and it crosses the word limit...
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2015-06-18 16:58
There is a minimum word limit for the task 1 which is 150 words. There is no maximum word limit for this task. However, it is recommended that you should write less than 200 words.
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0 # happy 2015-06-12 14:37
Very good
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+14 # Khurram 2014-12-03 17:29
Salam, in Bar Graph it is written 'Pence per person ' and in line graph it is written fast food in grams. While in explanation you are reporting thousands and tons. In dictionary pence means penny. Kindly correct me if I am wrong.
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2015-08-10 05:03
Dear Khurram,
You are correct and that was a mistake that we have corrected.
Thanks a lot.
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