Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 26 - Expenditure on Heath & Education, UAE as percentage of GDP and Infant mortality and life expectancy
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The graphs below show the Expenditure on Heath & Education, UAE as percentages of GDP and Infant mortality and life expectancy.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.
» You should write at least 150 words.
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
Sample Answer 1:
The given graphs give data on the percentage of GDP spent on health and education sectors in UAE from 1985 to 1993 and also shows the infant mortality and life expectancy of this country from 1970 to 1992.
As is observed from the first bar graph, the UAE spent around 8% on health care and 10% on the education of their GDP. After 5 years the expenditure on health decreased slightly while the expenditure on education increased by 4%. Finally in 1993, the percentages spent on both sectors increased and reached to 10% of GDP for health care and over 14% on education. This indicated the increased expenditure on both sectors by the UAE government.
According to the second graph, life expectancy in UAE was 60 years initially in 1970 while the infant mortality rate was 70 per thousand. After 22 years, both of these situations improved and the life expectancy of UAE people increased to 71 years while the infant mortality rate decreased to only 20 per thousand.
In conclusion, UAE budget for health and education sector increased over the period and as a result, the infant mortality rate has decreased and the life expectancy improved.
(Approximately 195 words)
( This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)
Model Answer 2:
The given bar graph compares the UAE government’s expenditures on health and education sectors in three different years with a 5 years gap while the line graph shows the infant mortality and life expectancy from 1970 to 1992. As is evident from the given diagrams, the UAE government spent more on healthcare and education in 1990 than the past given years and that increased citizens’ life expectancy and decreased the infant mortality.
As is given in the diagrams, the UAE government spent less than 8% of their GDP on healthcare in 1985 and just 10% on education. After 5 years, the spending on healthcare decreased slightly but increased dramatically in education. In the final year, both sectors got priority and the spending on health sector increased to 10% while it was about 15% of the GDP in education.
The line graph represents that the percentage of spending in the UAE had a direct impact on their citizens’ life expectancy and infant's mortality rate. While the life expectancy in the UAE was just 60 years in 1970, it increased to over 70 in 1992. On the other hand, the infant mortality rate decreased to just 20% in 1992 from the astonishing 70% in 1970.