Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 31 - Expenses in 7 different categories in 1966 and 1996 by American Citizens

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Charts:

The given pie charts compare the expenses in 7 different categories in 1966 and 1996 by American Citizens.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

      » You should write at least 150 words.
      » You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

Academic IELTS writing task 1 sample 31-img1
Academic IELTS writing task 1 sample 31 -image 2


Sample Answer 1: 
The pie charts compare the expenditure of US residents in two different years for seven categories namely food, cars, petrol, restaurants, furniture, computers and books.

It is clear that the largest proportion of American citizens’ spending went on foods and cars. On the other hand, computers and books have the lowest percentage in the chart in 1966 and 1996 respectively. In 1966, 23% of American citizens’ expenditure went on cars. The percentage rose to nearly double at 45% in 1996.The proportion of spending on food fell from 44% in 1966 to only 14% in 1996.

Expenditure on computers stood at only 1% in 1966 but reached 10% in 1996. The percentage of American citizens spending on restaurants had doubled from 7% in 1966 to 14% in 1996. Spending on books was highest in 1966, at 6%. By contrast, there was no significant change in the proportions of petrol and furniture over a period as a whole.

(Approximately 156 words | by - Safa Ahmed

Sample Answer 2: 
The pie charts show changes in American spending patterns between 1966 and 1996.

Food and cars made up the two biggest items of expenditure in both years. Together they comprised over half of household spending. Food accounted for 44% of spending in 1966, but this dropped by two-third to 14% in 1996. However, the outlay on cars doubled, rising from 23% in 1966 to 45% in 1996. Other areas changed significantly. Spending on eating out doubled, climbing from 7% to 14%. The proportion of salary spent on computers increased dramatically, up from 1% in 1996 to 10% in 1996. However, as computer expenditure rose, the percentage of outlay on books plunged from 6% to 1%. Some areas remained relatively unchanged. Americans spent approximately the same amount of salary on petrol and furniture in both years.

In conclusion, increased amounts spent on cars, computers, and eating out were made up for by drops in expenditure on food and books.

(Approximately 159 words)  

Sample Answer 3: 
The two provided pie charts compare the expenditure of Americans in 7 different categories namely food, cars, petrol, restaurants, furniture, computers, and book between 1966 and 1996.  

It is evident from the information provided that foods and cars made up the biggest proportions of spending among Americans in both years. Specifically, in 1966, the highest proportion of expenses went to food with 44% of the total expense, followed by cars with 23%. After 30 years, this figure observed a reversal when the spending for cars accounted for a massive 45% while that for food dropped to just 14%.  

Turning to the other expenses, petrol and furniture stood for roughly equal proportions of money spent with 9% and 10% respectively in 1966 and both 8% in 1996. The expenditure for restaurant experienced an increase with 7% in 1966 and a double to 14% after 30 years. It is also interesting to note that the spending on books and computers changed conversely. Over the 30-year period, the figure for books declined from 6% to a negligible 1%, in contrast, money spent on computers underwent a remarkable growth from 1% to 10%.  

In short, Americans spent most of their money on food and cars in both 1966 and 1996, and the spending for computers increased considerably after 30 years.

[Written by  - Phuong Anh]

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.23 (30 Votes)


-1 # Supty 2017-06-10 17:25
The pie charts compare the US citizens' spending in 7 different categories in 1966 and 1996. It is worth noticing from the pie charts that Americans spent a large portion of their total money for buying foods in 1966, but in 30 years that spending took a nosedive and their highest spending went on cars.

According to the illustration, Americans spent close to half of the total amount on account of cars in 1996 while it was food that consumed their highest amount three decades ago. In 1966, the percentage of spending on books was 1 but after 30 years the spending went up to 6%. A significant spending was made for computers in 1996, which was one-tenth of the total but that was ignorable in 1966. The outlay for restaurants wasn’t so high in 1966, only 7%, which soared to double in 1996. Moreover, spending proportion by Americans did not change considerably for furniture and petrol. The most striking feature of the diagram is the significant decline in the ratio of spending on food by Americans in 1966 and a remarkable increase in spending on cars thirty years later.
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+1 # Xuanle 2017-04-17 05:47
The pie charts compares the expenditure of Americans in 7 different categories namely food, cars, petrol, restaurants, furniture, computers, and books between 1966 and 1996. At a glance it is clear that expenditure ratio on food by Americans had decreased significantly while the percentages of money spent by them for automobiles had increased remarkably.

Initially in 1966, almost half of the total spending by Americans went on food, making it the highest spending area. With nearly one-fourth spending ration for cars, Americans spend the second highest amount for their automobiles. Additionally 9% money was spent for petrol which was slightly higher than the spending on restaurants and marginally lower than their expenditure ratio for furniture. The lowest spending in 1966 was for computer, only 1%, and books cost their 6% money.
After 30 years, the spending pattern of Americans changed noticeably and their highest proportion of money was spent on cars. The ratio of money spent on food plummeted and reached to only 14%. Spending percentage on fuel by Americans very slightly fell and spending ratio on books increases greatly. However, it is clear that their spending ratio on books in 1996 fell than they did 30 years earlier.
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+2 # Rachel 2016-09-24 15:11
The pie charts illustrate the percentage of money spent on seven categories in the USA in 1966 and 1996. Overall, food and car were the main expenditure in both period of time, which were over one-half of the total.

American spent the least money on computers in 1966 compared to books in 1996. On the first hand, the food segment courted for 44% of the total in 1966, which was the largest expenditure in that period, but dramatically dropped to only 14% share in 1996. The expenditure of restaurant had a double increase from 7% in 1966 to 14% in 1996 due to the decrease in food spending. On the contrary, the car segment represented 23% of total spending in 1966 but jumped to 45% share in 1996 which became the main expenditure in 1996.

On the other hands, American spent the least money on computers in 1966, which was only 1% of total amount of money but had 10 times increased to 10% in 1996. Due to the proliferation of computer, the amount of money spent on books dropped from 6% in 1966 to only 1% in 1996. There was no big change in both petrol and furniture expenditure.
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+1 # Shravan 2016-11-13 18:40
This is the best of all, you are awesome!
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+1 # Sujon 2016-04-03 10:45
The given two pie charts compare the expenditure of American citizens in seven various categories in two different years: 1966 and 1996, with a gap of 30 years. Overall, it can be seen that the major proportions of Americans’ spending were on foods and cars in both the years while for books their expenditure was the lowest.

In 1966, the proportion of Americans’ spending on cars stood at 23%, second largest, and this percentage is then rose to 45%, nearly double, in 1996. The largest percentage of their expenditure was on food which was 44% in 1966 but it dramatically declined to only 14% after 30 years and then expenditure on car made the largest portion. On the other hand, the percentages of spending by them on both petrol and restaurant in 1966 were 9% and 7% respectively and after 30 years this spending on petrol dropped by 1% while increased by 7% for restaurant costs. Again, expenditure on furniture decreased slightly from 10% to 8% between 1966 and 1996, a drop of 2 percent in 30 years while there was a significant growth (9%) in expenses for computers. In contrast, the cost on books by American citizens declined significantly, by 5 percent, over the years.
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+3 # Lester 2016-03-02 16:49
The given pie charts depict the expenses on several commodities by American nationals. The study involves changes of the expenses from the year 1966 with 1996.

The most significant fact that emerged from the figures is that food was seen as the top priority by Americans in 1966 in contrast to computers. On a different note, USA have grown to like cars better than books in 1996.

Commodities which were highly praised in 1966 by Americans to spend on involved food as the top priority which stood at 44% of the whole, 3 times greater than that of in 1996. Furniture was also a leading goods sold at 10% in the market, as compared to 2% less after three decades. Petrol had a 1% lead over the 8% share in 1996. Similarly books comprised of an acceptable 6% expenditure as compared to 1% 30 years after.

On the other hand the rest of the categories were fancied greater in 1996. Cars pleased the masses for which Americans did expense an astonishing 43% over a double than that of 1966. A comparable view was seen for restaurant fanatics with 14% expenses. Finally there was a dramatic demand for computers which contributed 9% of total costs, more than the 1% in 1966.
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+3 # Kavery 2016-02-19 19:39
The provided pie charts elucidate the comparison of expenditure by the US residents on 7 diverse categories over 30 year periods i.e. between 1960 and 1990. Overall, more than half of the total expenses were spent for foods and cars.

As is observed, American residents spent their income mainly on food (44%) in 1960 while 23% was spent for buying and maintaining their cars. After 30 years, this scenario reversed and a major part of their expenses was paid for car (45%) and only 14% for foods. Interestingly, dining out was less popular in 1960 and expenses for it doubled in 1990 by American population.

Obviously, popularity of computers increased significantly in 1990 as expenses on it increased to 10% from 1% in 1960. The expense on books plummeted to 1% in 1990 from 6% initially in 1960. All other areas where the American citizens spent money on- such as furniture and petrol remained almost same with little fluctuations in spending.

To conclude, living style and expenses on different categories by the US citizens changed dramatically over the given 3 decades.
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+3 # Samue Yemane 2015-11-27 17:49
The pie chart shows the comparison of expenditures on different commodities by the US citizens for two years - 1966 and 1996. As it is observed from the given illustration much was spent by the Americans on cars and food in 1966 and 1996.

As it is presented, Most of the American citizens spent their money on buying car which was peak in 1996 which was almost doubled on the other hand 44% of the US citizens were spending their money on food which decreased to 14% later on.

The money spent on shows a significant increase from 1% to 10% on computers in the year 1966 and 1996 while the reverse was true in books, 1% to 6% in books. Similarly the expense of American's doubled in restaurants however it showed some fluctuations on petrol and furniture spending.

In conclusion much money was spent by the American citizens on buying cars in 19196 as compared to 1966 which was 23%.
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-1 # Sky 2015-09-17 12:40
Is it correct to use 'were' in this sentence? There 'were' no significant change in the proportions of petrol and furniture over a period as a whole. I think it should be 'was'...
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-2 # IELTS Mentor 2015-09-19 06:16
Dear Sky, you are correct. We have changed accordingly.
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+3 # Nima 2015-08-02 03:36
The presented pie charts depict expenses on 7 different categories namely food, cars, petrol, restaurant, furniture, computers and books in1966 and 1996 by American Citizens.

As is provided as a census of perusal of two supplied charts, petrol and furniture had the lowest oscillations 9% and 10% in 1966 and 8% and 8% 1996 respectively. The ratio of restaurant expense was 2 times more from 7% in1966 to 14% in 1996. An enormous change occurred in computer section expense: in 1966 this section had only 1% but in 1996 this amount reached to 10% but unfortunately, the proportion of books expenses slumped from 6% to 1%. In different scenario usage percentage of cars rocketed with 22% growth meet 45% as the summit in 1996. The most diminution belonged to food from 44% in 1966 and fell to 14% in 1996.

In conclusion, cars and food expenses proportions had the most growth and reduction between other categories with 22% and 30% respectively could be observed.
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-2 # Rama Krishna 2015-02-02 07:05
The given pie charts compare the expenses in the USA in 7 different categories namely: food, cars, petrol, restaurant, furniture, computers and Books in 1966 and 1996.

The expenditure by the Americans on foods was huge in the beginning, 1966, which comprised 44% of overall expenditures. It, however, plummeted and reached to about 14% of the total expenditure in 30 years. then the expenditure on the car was about 23% in 1966 and it rose up to 45 percent of the total cost in 1996. Again, the US citizen's cost of petrol was very less in 1966. Furthermore, restaurants cost was 7% which in 30 years was doubled. Furniture, which was initially 10 percent of the total cost, reduced and settled at 8 percent of the total expenditure in 30 years. Computers and books contributed to 1 and 6 percent expenditure respectively. However, their contributions changed in three decades. A ten-time cost increase could be observed in the case of computers while the expenditure on books reduced to only 1%. Finally, expenditure on the cars almost doubled from the initial ratio of 23% in 1966.
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+2 # Rishabh Jain 2015-03-11 10:50
Hey, Rama Krishna. You have compared two charts considering that variations are shown for the same year. However, those data are for 2 different years with a gap of 30 years (1966 and 1996).
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-4 # Muhammad Shahid Shilon Rehman 2014-07-18 11:19
Your work is really remarkable. Thank you.
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-3 # Julia Robert 2014-04-12 18:24
IELTS Academic Writing section is very important for the overall IELTS score. You can improve your Academic IELTS writing through tips and practice.
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