## Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 44 - Percentage of food budget the average family spent on restaurant meals

### The charts below show the percentage of food budget the average family spent on restaurant meals in different years. The graph shows the number of meals eaten in fast food restaurants and sit-down restaurants.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Given are two kinds of figure concerning how much the average family expended on food in four years from 1970 to 2000. The first chart provides information about the spent on restaurant meals (in percentage), while the second one illustrates how many fast food meals and sit-down restaurant meals were in each year.

The most significant point in the pie charts is that between 1970 and 2000 there was a considerable growth from one-fifths in the first year of the period to exactly a half in 2000. That is a rise of forty percent in a thirty-year period.

The most striking feature to comment on in the line chart is that even though both numbers of fast food meals and sit-down meals started at the same point, a mere twenty meals, however, had two different endings. In 1980, the number of sit-down suppers rose respectively to approximately thirty-five, while the number of quickly served meals experienced a smaller increase. However, in twenty years after that, the proportion quickly reached a peak at relatively ninety, considerably forty meals more than that of sit-down restaurant meals.

It is interesting to note that through more than thirty years, having meals in a restaurant whether in fast food or sit-down one has become very popular.

(Approximately 211 words | Written by  - Quynh Tran

The given illustration compares the amounts spent on restaurant foods and on home cooking foods in four different years and gives data on the number of meals eaten in two different restaurant types.

As is presented in the pie chart, initially in 1970, 90% of total food budget was spent on home-made foods while only 10% was spent on restaurant foods. The amount spent on restaurant meals increased to 15% in 1980 while it reached to 35% in 1990. Finally, in 200, an average family spent half of the total budget in restaurant meals and that shows a rapid increase on the people’s habit of having meals in restaurants.

In the line graph, we can observe that in 1970, the fast foods and sit-down restaurant meals were taken 20 thousand times each and over time these numbers kept increasing. Finally, in 2000, more than 90 thousand fast food meals were eaten while the sit-down restaurant meals were eaten 50 thousand times a year. This indicates the changes of people’s habit of eating out and the popularity of restaurant foods over the home-made foods.

In summary, over the 30 years’ time people adopted the habit of eating out at restaurant and sit-down restaurant gained more popularity over the fast food shops.
(Approximately 209 words)

( This model answer can be followed  as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)

The bar graph illustrates the proportion of the money spent by an average family on having meals in a restaurant on four selected years whereas the line graph depicts how many meals they have eaten in two types of restaurant.

Overall, it is clear that there was an increasing trend in the money spent on having meals in restaurants throughout the years and fast food restaurant was favoured by people than in a restaurant.

First of all, the proportion of money spent on eating in restaurant increased from 1970 to 2000. In 1970, there was only 10% of their food budget spent on eating in restaurants whereas, in 2000, it rose to 50%. Turning to the preference of people of choosing restaurants, there was an equal number of people having meals in fast food restaurants and sitdown restaurants (about 20 meals per year) in 1970. An overall rising pattern can be seen for both the restaurants, however, the fast food restaurant went up slowly from the year 1970 to 1980 before it continued to rise steadily and reached its peak in 2000 at just under 90 meals per year, which was almost doubled that of sitdown restaurant in the same year. Interestingly, sitdown restaurants showed a rapid increase in the number of meals per year which reached a higher point than fast food restaurant from 1970 to 1980 but it slowed down after 1980.

( Written by  - Alfred Lee

The pie chart illustrates the percentage of food budget spent by an average family on restaurants meals and at home in 1970, 1980, 1990, and 2000, while the graph compares the meals eaten in fast food shops and sit-down restaurants in those years.

It can be clearly seen that the proportion of food budget spent on restaurant meals had increased over the period. In 1970, just 10% of total food budget was spent on restaurant meals. This amount had risen by 5% in 1980. The percentage continued to increase to 35% in 1990 and in the year 2000 the proportion of food budget spent on restaurants and home cooking had been equal (50:50).

From the graph, it is evident that the number of meals eaten both in fast food and sit-down restaurants had increased during the period. In 1970, the number of eaten meals in those two kinds of restaurants were the same (20 meals/year). In 1980, the number of meals eaten in sit-down restaurants was higher than the meal eaten in fast food restaurants. However, in the following period, the number of fast food meals boomed to approximately 55 meals/year and 90 meals/year in 1990 and 2000 respectively while the number of food eaten in sit-down restaurants just increased moderately, from 35 meals/year in 1980 to 45 meals/year in 1990 and 50 meals/year in 2000. It is evident from the graph that fast food gained more popularity over the period and the number of meals eaten outside increased significantly.

( Written by  - Titi

Refresh

0 # Maryhan 2017-08-23 15:28
The given pie charts demonstrate the proportion of money an average family spent on eating at home versus dining in restaurants in three decades, between 1970 and 2000, and the line graph compares the number of meals generally served in two types of restaurants during the same time span.

As is observed, back in 1970, an average family used to spend just 10% of their budget on eating outside their home. This percentage rose gradually in 1980 and then jumped to reach more than a double in 1990 and then fanatically progressed to score half the portion of familiesâ€™ budgets in eateries which give a sense of a change in families eating habits.

The line graph made a comparison between the numbers of meals served in two different restaurants types (pack and go restaurants and sit-down restaurants). In 1970, same numbers of meals were served from both of these restaurant types (20,000 meals) but in 1980 the seating style restaurants scored slightly a higher number (33 thousand) than its competitor. After that, fast food stores experienced a sharp increase in the number of meals it served until the end of 2000 while sit-down restaurants witnessed a slow rise in the number of meals it served. In 2000, approximately 90 thousand meals were served by fast food shops, denoting its popularity while more than 50 thousand meals were served from the sit-down restaurants.
+2 # Monoka 2016-08-10 20:02
I am very afraid! I cannot deal with grammar well !
+5 # Linda Pubhealth 2015-09-23 08:47
The charts show the percentage of expenditure on food in the average household in different years. Meanwhile, the graph illustrates the food intake from both fast food and sit-down restaurants.

In general, both data demonstrate an increase from year to year of both money spent for food on restaurants and the meals consumed in restaurants.

Looking at the detail, expenditure on the restaurant's meals increased gradually over the years observed. It was a small figure in 1970 when money spent for restaurant meals counted a tenth compared to home cooking which was the vast majority, 90%, of money expenditure on meals. However, money spent on restaurant meals went up gradually until it reached a half of total expenditure for meals in 2000.

Meanwhile, both fast food and sit-down restaurant meals outlined an increase. The sit-down restaurant food intake jumped up from about 20 in 1970 to about 50 out of 100 in 2000, more than double. In contrast, fast food intake swelled dramatically to around 90 in 2000, counted 4 times higher than that of 1970 - which was only 20.
+2 # Erick 2015-04-23 15:18
Very good to practice.