Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 168 - Usual water usage by industries
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» You are advised to spend about a maximum of 20 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:
The graph below shows usual water usage (in millions of cubic meters) by industries in some countries in a year.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» You should write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1:
The presented bar graph demonstrates the average use of water by industries in several countries every year. In general, the highest water usages could be seen in chemical industries while fuel industries spend the least water supply.
Looking at the details, the chemical industry requires about 430 million of cubic meters of ground water and 240 million of cubic meters of public supply. This figure is accounted as almost twice higher than other industries, for instances, meal/beverages, metal and paper industry which spend only 110, 240, and 190 million cubic meters of ground water use respectively. Metal and paper industries utilise about 90 and 20 million of cubic meters of public supply respectively and they are reckoned as almost two and seven times lower than water usage quantity for the chemical industry.
In contrast, fuel industry consumes the lowest amount of water. It only pertains a figure of 70 million of cubic meters of ground water, approximately 3 times lower than water usage for the chemical industry. Meanwhile, due to public supply, both fuel and textiles industries consume a very small amount of water which is 10 million of cubic meters, almost 24 times lower than water demand of the chemical industry.
[ Written by Linda ]
Model Answer 2:
The supplied bar graph reveals the utilisation of water every year by different industries in several countries. The usage of water is categorised into two sources which are ground water and civic supply.
To begin with, some industries use the vast consumption of soil water in huge quantity. It starts from 430 million of cubic meters (m) for chemicals as the highest consumption, and then it is followed by metal and paper which are 240m and 190m consumption respectively. Subsequently, other businesses also consume high figure of soil water than public supply namely fuel and textiles- both of it spend 80m and 70m in a row. Meanwhile, machinery industry has the lowest consumption of ground water which is just 10m.
There are, however, some businesses which prefer public supply than ground water. Food and drinks are the great deals on the usage of common supply water. The lowest consumption of public water comes from textile and fuel industries which are similar in number- 10m for both.
[ Written by Waode Eti ]
Model Answer 3:
The provided graph describes the yearly water consumption from ground water and public supply by 7 manufacturers in some country. The unit is measured in millions of cubic meters.
Overall, the ground water usage is far more than public supply in most industries. Both of water supplies are mostly used in the chemical industry while the least consumption could be observed in textile and fuel industries.
Looking at the detail, the chemical manufacturing requires 430 million m3 of ground water which is approximately twice than the water consumption in metal and paper industries. In this area, public water is also used highly, contributing 240 million m3 which is almost three times as many as metal industries’ water usage. Meanwhile, the company that uses less water is fuel and textiles and each of them only needs 10 million of public water and over 70 million for ground water.
Food and drink companies have more demand for public supply than ground water supply, gaining 190 million m3 as opposed to 110 million from ground water. It is also true for the machinery comprises that consumes 100 million cubic meters of public water supply which is 10 times higher than the quantity of ground water.
[ Written by Marhamah ]