Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 178 - Water used for different purposes in six areas

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Charts:

» You are advised to spend about  20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Percentage of water used for different purposes in six areas of the world.

Percentage of water used for different purposes


Model Answer 1:
The provided pie charts compare the domestic, agricultural and industrial water consumptions in six major parts of the world. In general, the highest percentage of water is utilised for agricultural purposes in Asian, African and South American countries while about half of the water in Europe and North America goes to industrial sectors.

As can be seen from the given pie charts, North America's water consumption have a striking similarity to that of Europe. In both of these continents, about half of the water is required in industrial sectors, almost one-third for crop cultivation and 13-15% for people’s household use. Interestingly, South America’s water absorbing habit is quite contrary to the North American region and it is more like the Asian and African continents. A great portion of water goes to agricultural division in Asian, African and North American countries which is approximately one-third of their total consumption. The highest water consumption is cultivation could be observed in  Central Asia (88%) which is almost treble than that of Europe. Household water use in South America was higher than other parts of the world and that stands at 19%. Only 7 to 9 percent water is used by people in Asian and African countries for their personal use at home.  Finally, the industrial water consumptions in Asian and African areas ranges from 5% to 12% and this ration is quite lower than that of Europe and North America. Interestingly, South East Asian areas use more water for manufacturing than Africa, central Asia and even North America.

[Written by - Sandra Jordan]


Sample Answer 2:
The provided illustration compares water consumption for three main purposes in six different areas namely: North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Central Asia and South East Asia. Overall, it is clear from the charts that Asian and African countries used more water for irrigation while North American and European countries used more water for their industrial needs.

To begin with, a major portion of water consumption could be observed in the agricultural sector and this was higher in African and Asian region than that of American and European parts. More than 80% water in Africa and Asia went in agricultural fields while this percentage was only 32% in Europe and 39% in North America. North America and Europe required more water in their industrial sectors than that of Asian and African countries. While half of the water was used in the industrial sector in North America and Europe, the percentage of that in African and Asian region ranged from 5% to 12%. Interestingly, water consumption in North and South America shows a contrasting scenario. Finally, more percentages of household water consumption could be observed in American and European continents than that of Asian and African regions.

[Written by - Piero]


Sample Answer 3:
The provided figures give information on the percentage of industrial, agricultural and domestic usage of water in the six different regions of the world. Generally, as can be seen from the illustration, the highest percentage of water is used for agricultural demands, while the least percentage of water is used for the domestic needs.

In Africa, South America, Central and South-East Asia more than 70 percent of water goes to the agricultural sector, whereas in North America and Europe this index is 39 % and 32% respectively. On the contrary, these regions consume more water for industrial purposes (48% and 53%), while industrial purposes require only about 10 % average in South America, Africa, Central and South-East Asia. The biggest percent of domestic water use could be observed is in South America (19%) and Asian regions use the minimum water for domestic needs. The maximum usage of water for agricultural aims is in Central Asia (89 %), and only 32% of water is used by the European farming sector.

[Written by - Erlan]


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+8 # QQ 2016-09-09 17:39
Can you give a check please ?

The pie charts show the comparison of water consumptions for industrial, agriculture and domestic use in six different regions.

Overall, agricultural sector accounts for the largest proportion of water consumption in most areas, except for North America and Europe. By contrast, North American and European people spend water mostly for industrial use.

Water for agriculture purpose is spent the most in South America, at 88%. Similarly, Africa, South America, South East Asia have a clear majority of agriculture water use- 84%, 71% and 81% respectively. In contrast to these four countries, this figure secures a smaller amount in North America and Europe, at approximate one-third each.

Although they use a small amount of water in agriculture, people in North America and Europe spend a good proportion (around 50%) in industrial purpose. It is noticeable that domestic use only accounts for a small percentage in all areas. This figure makes up above 10% in North America, South America, Europe whereas it is under 10% in other areas.

( 165 words, Written by QQ)
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0 # Byte 2016-06-23 07:50
The pie charts compare water consumption in three main sectors in six regions around the globe. An overview of the illustration shows that the highest percentage of water use was for agriculture in Asia and Africa while the highest percentage of water in Europe and North America went on industrial purpose.

According to the given information, in all regions except Europe and North America, agricultural water use was the most common with over 80% of usage in Africa, Central and South East Asia followed by 71% in South America. On the contrary, the highest percentage of water goes to Industry in North America and Europe and the proportions of domestic use were there 13% and 15%, respectively. Usage of water for the Industrial purpose and Domestic use was lowest in Africa, Central & South East Asia and South America. Only 7% of water was used for Domestic usage in Asia and 9% in Africa. However, this usage was slightly higher in South America, which accounted for 19%. Turning to the Industrial water usage, the proportion of consumption in South East Asia was 12%, followed by 10% in South America.
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+1 # Natt 2016-05-21 03:36
Hello, I'm practising writing task 1 myself for my IELTS test next week, and I have a question about grammar for writing task 1. As I understand, we should use 'past tense' in this task when describing the given information, since all those information are taken from events that have already occurred. I wonder why you have used the present simple tense to describe the information as above! Please help me by explaining this. I am now a bit confused!!

Thanks in advance.
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+8 # Kyle 2016-05-21 00:31
Dear Natt,
First of all best wishes for you in your approaching IELTS exam. In a graph/ IELTS Academic Task 1 response, you should not use past tense all the time. If the data presented in a graph are taken from the past, you need to use past tense. If it shows general data on present circumstances, you will need to use the present tense. Finally, if the data gives prediction/forecast of the future, you should use the future tense. Sometimes you need to use a combination of the tense based on the data given.
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