Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 65 - The graphs show changes in spending habits of people in UK
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» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graphs show changes in spending habits of people in the UK between 1971 and 2001.
Write a report to a university lecturer describing the data.
» Write at least 150 words.
Model Answer 1:
The pie charts illustrate the changes in household spending in the UK between 1971 and 2001. It is clear that the cost of petrol made up the largest proportion of the household spending in 1971 while expenditure on cars was the greatest share of the household spending in 2001.
Firstly, British citizens spent more than a third of their money on petrol and almost a third on furniture followed by money spent in restaurants, which was precisely a quarter. The smallest proportion of expenditures was the cost on computers with only seven percent in 1971.
Secondly, after 30 years in 2001, British citizens spent significantly less money on petrol, furniture and restaurants- 8%, 8%, 14% respectively. In comparison to 1971, they spent nearly double on computers. The greatest proportion of household spending was on cars with more than 40%. The proportion of expenditure on foods were 14% and the for books it was vanishingly small, only one percent in 2001.
[ Written by - Iraj ]
Sample Answer 2:
The provided pie charts give information on the spending habits of UK citizens in 1971 and 2001. As is observed from the charts, the expenditure on petrol & furniture reduced significantly while the amount spent on computers increased.
Initially, in 1971, British people spent 36% on petrol which was the highest percentage among the given expense categories. Their expense on Furniture was second largest (32%) while they spent 25% on restaurants. The least amount spent by them was for computers, which was only 7% in this year.
After 30 years in 2001, the expense on petrol and furniture reduced to 8% which is significantly lower than the percentage in 1971. But the expense on computers increased by 5% in 2001. People spent 1% on books in this year. The expenses for restaurant decreased to 14% compared to the 25% in 1971 and this is probably people spent more on food preparing at home. The highest amount spent in 2001 by the UK people was on cars and that consisted almost half of the total expense in this year.
Model Answer 3:
The pie charts provide a statistical comparison on the difference in spending made by UK residents in 1971 and 2001.
According to the data given, most money in 1971 (36%) were spent on petrol, which was 4 times bigger than the cost in 2001 (8%). The second highest cost in 1971 was on furniture, which constituted 32% of all costs. Expenses on foods remained approximately on the same level (about one-third) with one difference - in 1971 people preferred more to go to restaurants, while in 2001 they split up those to 14% - to buy food for themselves and 14% - to eat outside. It is interesting to note that almost half (43%) of all budget of the UK citizens was invested in cars in 2001, while no cost on cars in 1971 was given. Costs on computers increased from 7%, in 1971, to 12 % in 2001.
Overall, the spending habits of people living in the UK significantly changed in given two years, except for their food requisition. Whereas in 1971 people spend most of the money for furniture and car fuel, cars and computers have become the main investment in 2001.
[ Written by - Ann Alex ]