IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 344 - What are some of the reasons for poverty

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Every country has poor people and every country has different ways of dealing with the poor. What are some of the reasons for poverty? What can we do to help the poor?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1:
There has been a dramatic increase in poverty in some developing and underdeveloped countries over the last few years. This has affected large numbers of people and hiked up their woes. Illiteracy, unemployment, inflation and unstable economic conditions are few factors that have contributed immensely in poverty. However, people’s suffering could be mitigated by providing them health, education and job opportunities.

It is often seen that people are reluctant to send their children to educational institutions in poor countries. These institutions could help them in educating and changing their destiny. Despite of it benefits, people would like to indulge their children in some paid work, which could not help significantly in altering their present conditions. Furthermore, due to uncertain circumstances of country, there is a price hike of various basics items that are mandatory for daily life. Exorbitant prices of others goods and transportation also badly affected people financial matters.

Government can play a pivotal role to eradicate poverty from society.  There should be attempts by government to provide vocational training to poor people. That will enable them to find good job based on their skills. Moreover, there should be free education for poor peoples; these people should be awarded scholarship for higher studies based on their lofty performances.

To sum up, I would like to say that government should take preemptive measures to reduce poverty by giving them professional trainings and educational facilities. State could also support financially to poor families, if there is no one to provide basic amenities of life to them. It is also government duty to ensure that hapless people should not be deprived off from basic life necessities.

[ Written by - Fahad Sultan ]

Sample Answer 2:
It is undeniable that every nation faces the poverty problem at some point of its history and they all have their own specific ways in addressing the issue. Poverty is a pressing issue in many parts of the world and effective steps are quite important to solve this problem. The following essay will discuss about some of the reasons that lie beneath the issue and some of the solutions to resolve it.  

For a number of reasons, poverty has become an issue in many countries in the world. Firstly, some countries have a large population of poor people due to the poor performance of the governments. For example, under the dictatorial presidentship, many people are facing starvation due to the fact they have a greedy leader who concentrate more on personal gain that people's betterment. Secondly, certain countries are facing poverty problem due to the unfavorable geographical areas. For instance, certain countries in Africa are facing starvation problem due to the drought issue. Thirdly, some nations have poverty-stricken people in their area because many of these people are lazy and not interesting in working. Some people in developed countries are given allowance from the governments, and they misuse the fund.  Instead of using the money to buy basic needs and searching for jobs, many of them just buy drugs and get drunk. This causes destitution for many people and they cannot come above the poverty line. Lack of natural resources, poor education and lack of trade facility are three major reasons many Asian countries are still poor.  

There are several things that United Nations and governments could do to resolve the poverty  problem globally.  One of them is that United Nations should give more attention to countries where political instability is the main reason people starve every day. The UN must make intense diplomatic negotiation to reunite people and make them into a free democratic country. As for countries that have unfavorable landscape, the UN could cooperate with local governments in building dams and other facilities. With the existence of UN provided facilities, it is hoped that many countries could manage their irrigation, natural resources and manpower  to improve their condition. Lastly, for people who are idle and become alcoholic, the allowance for them should be stopped. Instead of giving them the money, it could be allocated for treating their addiction and for creating job opportunities for them.  

In conclusion, many countries have poverty issue, as they have corrupted government, no natural resources, or adverse geographical condition.  There are several things that the UN and governments could do to resolve the issue, but the most important is to change the political condition and help them utilise their own resources.

[ Written by - Darwin Lesmana ]


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