IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 678 - What are the pros and cons of using public transport

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Many people prefer to use public transportation while others say that personal cars are the best mode of transportation. Excessive use of private cars is considered to be the main reason for traffic jam in many cities and that's why the use of public transportation is encouraged.

In your opinion what are the pros and cons of using public transport?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: 
While some people choose to use public transportations, others prefer to use their own cars. It is believed that the excessive usage of personal cars has caused congestion problems in big cities and therefore people should use public transportations more often. However, public transportations have their own positive and negative sides and the following essay will discuss about them in details.
It is undeniable, that public transportations have some weaknesses. Some people still choose to use their own private vehicles, though the government has encouraged them to use public transports. It is because public transportations are not as safe as private cars and some criminal activities in public buses or trains such as pocket thieves are still being reported. And then public transportations are not reliable in terms of preciseness and accuracy. Many people have complained about the preciseness and the consistency of these public transportations schedules, which impacted to their work or study time.
Despite of its weakness points, public transportations brings a lot of benefits for individuals and societies. Firstly, it is clear that the existence of public transportations will automatically reduced traffic problems. Secondly, if the utilization of public transportations increased, it means that there will be a reduction in the consumption of fossil fuels. Consequently, it will reduce air pollution and global warming issues. Therefore, the governments should encourage their residents to use public transportations.
In conclusion, people have different opinions about public transportations. Some people enjoy using them, while others choose to use their own personal vehicles. Although public transportations have some weaknesses, I do believe that the benefits outweighed the drawbacks. I also suggest that the government should improve the public transportation services, therefore more and more people are attracted to use public transportations.
[ Written by - Darwin Lesmana ]
Model Answer 2: 
Transportation is playing an important role in every nation's development process and this is an important aspect in our life for mobility. Some people believe that private cars is the best method of transportation while others say that public transport service should be used for this purpose. However, as far as I am concerned, I firmly agree that public transport service should be opted for transportation. The advantages and demerits of using public transportation are discussed in this essay.
The very first advantage of using public transportation service is that it reduced the burning it fossil fuel. We all know that fuels like petrol and diesel takes million of years to make. Therefore if we do not decrease the usage level of these fuels then in future it will be diminished. So to make sure that it will not happen in future, we need to save these fuels as much as possible. The very first step towards it is the usage of public transport service. Since a public transportation can carry a large number of passengers it reduced the overall fuel consumption. Thus it helps to reduce the air and environmental pollutions.
Secondly, more pollution will be generated if we opt to use private cars for transportation. The more personal cars on the road, the more pollution it will generates. So if we use bus or train for roaming then we can fulfill our part to decrease pollution from environment. Further, transportation cost is cheaper in case of public transportation. Another aspect is the accident risk. In private cars, the probability of accident on road has increases dramatically. Last but not least, public transportation increases your social contacts. Your social life will scatter with use of government transport service.
Every coin has two sides and that is true for the usage of public transportation as well. Firstly, public buses or trains take more time to travel to some place. It does not take any shortcuts and also runs in limited speed. On the other hand, with private car you can go to any place in a very short time. Secondly, public transport service is limited. One has to make sure that he/she has the time table of public buses or trains. If one does not have timing record, then it generate some hurdles for the travelers. There is little privacy on public transportation and you can’t relax in a crammed public bus or train.

All in all, I would conclude by saying that public transport service has more advantages than its disadvantages. Further, I like to suggest that buses or trains should be opted for transportation. Private cars should be used on urgent needs only. Otherwise public transportations should be used. It will save our environment.
[ Written by - Satwinder Singh ]
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