IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 832 - Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems
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You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Overpopulation of urban areas has led to numerous problems. Identify one or two serious ones and suggest ways that governments and individuals can tackle these problems.
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Overpopulation in cities and urban areas is a growing problem that governments and individuals have to take into account seriously. They should work together to reduce the inconveniences caused by it. This essay will examine what are the issues caused by overcrowding and discuss on solutions.
First of all we can truly affirm that the first result of overpopulation in towns is without any doubts congestion and traffic jams which lead to serious pollution problems. Another inconvenience due to overcrowding is garbage from inhabitants. Plenty of cities do not have the means to handle the charge of rubbish casting away by its habitants which leads to unclean cities.
The lack of decent accommodation is also a growing problem that cities must deal with. Many people are unable to find a place to live in which is a step back for cities’ development.
However and fortunately, if we sit down a minute to think about what each of us could do to tackle this problem it is not hard to find a solution. Individuals should use public transports as often as they can rather than using their own car and the government should build more roads and improve public transportation to address this issue.
To handle the garbage flowing in streets they should sort out rubbish they throw away. For accommodation problems the poorest should establish the sharing flats system. Government can expand the area and can help building more building to handle the accommodation issue.
On its own side, governments might set a tax for car owners and develop public transports back with the earned money. For a cleaner city they should create advertisements in order to educate its people about what to do with rubbish and give a fine to someone spotted for throwing a paper, rubbish or dust in the street. Finally, to overcome the accommodation problem governments should build more infrastructures for people in need.
To sum up, we all know that these problems are worrying and growing but if everyone of us thinks about what they can do to make it better. I am sure that these issues could be solved.
[ Written by - Dhuicq Justine ]
Model Answer 2:
[ Written by - Sameed Qureshi ]
Model Answer 3:
The rising number of population in metropolitan places has caused significant repercussions. This has resulted to the incessant spread of pollution and an escalation of poverty. However, there are several preventive measures that the government can implement in order to address this social problem.
Primarily, it is often said that an increase of inhabitants in a well established region is accompanied by a rise in pollution. In cosmopolitan regions, there are impoverished groups who live in squalor. Some of them have chosen to settle in the city because they believe that that they can easily find an employment in this place. For example, in the Philippines, there are poor individuals who built homes in the boulevard of Metro Manila, thus contributing to the amount of waste. Clearly, these people dispose their rubbish to the ocean, which may harm marine animals. In addition, it is apparent that most of the less affluent cohort has large number of families. These members have personal needs, which cause burden to the brad winner of the family. Since the city has number of educated workers, impecunious group often seems to struggle in searching a better employment. To illustrate, they cannot procure a descent job since they did not finish their education. Hence, these people will suffer from poverty, which results to higher incidence of famine.
However, it can never be denied that the government can implement platforms, which will mitigate the social dilemma. First of all, they can increase the number of employment offers in suburbs such as providing them lands that can be cultivated. Therefore, impoverished people will not aggregate in the city. Secondly, the government can provide programs such as sex education to these individual. As an instance, public health practitioners can orient them the appropriate use of contraceptives, which will control the number of family members.
To conclude, the proliferation of pollution and the exacerbation of poverty are the negative ramifications of a rise of residents in the city. Nevertheless, government’s projects can curtail this social issue. It is very likely that the poverty will b curbed if the government provides them job opportunities in suburbs.
[ Written by - Chino Bouquets ]