IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 12 - Men do most of the high level jobs

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Men do most of the high-level jobs. Should the government encourage a certain percentage of these jobs to be reserved for women?

What is your opinion on that?

Use your own knowledge and experience and support your arguments with examples and relevant evidence.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: (Agreement):
Though some people would argue that women are working in high-level job positions in many renowned organisations, the reality is that the number of such women employees is very ignorable compared to their male counterpart. As a result, the issue appears that the government should reserve a certain percentage of such jobs for women and this is supported by a group of people while being criticised by another group. In my opinion, the government actually should reserve a percentage of such jobs to maintain the equal opportunity, to maintain a balanced workspace and in the overall economy.

First of all, the high-level jobs occupied by the male diminish the balances of power between the male and female in such organisations. Since we are living in a century where we are most sincere to establish the equal power of men and female, this is very reasonable that women should actually work in such high-level positions. Second, the consumers, end users and service receivers of a company and organisation are both male and female and female decision-making employees for such companies are equally important compared to the male.

Third, the society would like to make a balance between the contribution of male and female and again the power between them, without letting women work in high-level job position, it would not be possible. The women are needed to participate in every sphere of society for a better world and without letting them use their ability we can’t actually expect that.

Fourth, the women are improving in terms of education, power, contribution in the current era than before and such a scheme is taken by the government would inspire them more to run ahead. In third world countries, the fate of girl is determined when her parents decide if the girl should go to school or should learn to cook and get prepared for marriage. The privilege provided by the government in case of jobs for women would encourage such parents to equally treat their boys and girls.

In conclusion, a certain reserved position for women in high-level jobs is actually a good idea to empower the women towards the overall betterment of the organisation and society. 

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)

Model Answer 2: (Disagreement)
Equality for both man and women is the accepted underpinning philosophy of modern society that we live in. Most constitutions maintain an equal right for men and women. Most public institutions and formal organisations hold an equal view in treating either sex. Despite the fact that male high officials outnumber female high officials by a great margin, in most of the countries there is no legal or statutory bar against women going up in the ladder. I am against any kind of positive bias towards women in the form of reserving a percentage of higher positions for women. That will only encourage anomaly, imperfection in practices and most importantly it is not going to serve the ultimate goal of escalating women’s positions in a society or in a country's economy unless they earn that by themselves rightfully.

In the bygone days, women were primarily engaged in household responsibilities. Women’s involvement in economic, organisational and public activities is not a very old practice. But in the recent decades, things have changed dramatically and many women in the west are going to the top in career and profession. Even in the third world countries of Asia, Africa and Latin America, the presence of working women is everywhere, competing with the male counterparts and even surpassing them in many aspects. They are acquiring the necessary education, gaining proper knowledge abut their rights and are in the process of being recognised as organizationally as valuable contributors. In Bangladesh, in many instances girls toppled in open public examinations, and their success rate is generally higher than man. Women are earning professional reputation in their job places as well.

Against this backdrop, there is no reason that government should go for reserving positions for women. Instead, a government should take initiatives to eradicate any bias against women and make favourable work environment for women. Firstly, governments can ensure women’s access to education and thus empower them and make them prepared for life as in many societies women lack education and empowerment.

Secondly, women suffer from gender discrimination, chauvinistic behaviour and worse even, sexual harassment in workplaces. Governments should have clear and strict policies to ensure an environment where workers from both sexes coexist with ease. Thirdly, women should be entitled to have special conduct during motherhood. Due to the very role of a woman in a family, supports from the workplace are important for working women.

Women and man both should be viewed as equally capable. If we look over our shoulder, we can see that the number of eligible, skilled and executive-class working women is actually increasing quickly in recent years. Govt. should no go for reserving a certain percentage of high-level jobs for women. That will only undermine women’s ability and women will grossly find that their self-respect is on declination. They can find their own way towards the prosperous carriers by the  of their own virtue and efforts.

(Approximately 479 words)

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)


Model Answer 3: (Disagreement)
The high-level jobs have always been held by men. Whether it is the head of the state or the CEO of a multinational company historically its men who have conquered most of the peaks. Although the history has seen women at the peak heights as well, the numbers of such cases have been relatively small. The question whether there should be reservation for women in the top positions has increasingly been contemplated by the governments around the world. While, such as step would definitely see an increase in the number of peak positions being held by women, it does have its disadvantages.

Proponents of the idea of reservation for women cite their under representation as one of the causes. Women have traditionally been under-represented in the male dominated society. This has taken a toll on the causes related to women, such as domestic violence. Offering leading positions to women will significantly help such causes. Other people cite equality of both genders as one of reasons for reservation. In many parts of the world, specifically in developing nations in Asia and Middle East, women are not treated equally to men. This has led several people to demand reservation for women. They suggest reserving top positions for women would bring a sense of equality among both genders and harmony in society.

However, reservation would lead to several problems which are often overlooked. Bringing in reservation would lead to "lowering the bar" for women. It will lead to many of the positions being filled by women who do not have the required talent and experience, only due the fact that the positions were reserved for women. This will eventually lead to a fall in productivity and growth of the company or the nation. Such a move would also bring a sense of inequality among men and women, since women would not have to work as hard as men to get the top positions.

Rather than bringing in reservation for women for top positions, governments should encourage and support women so they reach these heights rightfully. Support could be in the form of financial aid, or free coaching. This would enable women to learn the skills needed to get the top positions and get the top positions without compromising productivity and growth.

(Approximately 378 words)

(This model answer has been prepared by Pankaj)


Model Answer 4: (Disagreement)
The rapid industrialization throughout the 21st century resulted in the start up of multinational companies across the globe. The statistics reported by the Financial Times in September 2015 claims that 90 percent of the top level positions are occupied by men on an average across all companies.  Although, I believe that women must be prepared to take over higher positions, I refute that some proportion of top level jobs to be reserved for women.

Firstly, a company can expect a catastrophic failure in if any top level decision goes astray, especially if the decision involves multi-billion dollars. For instance, a big finance firm named ABC based in Germany went bankrupt in the second quarter of 2014 due to a wrong decision by its president, who was promoted to the top position based on reservation. Moreover, the board of directors need to scrutinise the top posts with extreme care based on his or her merits, irrespective of gender. Therefore, it is obvious that the top positions should not fall under the reservation policy.

Secondly, ignoring an efficient person to fill in a new position leads to discrimination and engenders the lack of motivation among the employees. For example, if a person is simply promoted to the top post, leaving behind the capable colleagues, there are high chances that the colleagues, who think the decision is not fair, will not work efficiently to their calibre. As a result, it is the organisation which loses the productivity. Thus, the top positions should never be reserved based on gender or any category

In conclusion, by analysing how reservation can lead to poor decision making as well as decrease productivity, reservation should not be in place for top posts. Governments should ensure that they give enough focus to empower women and head positions should be filled in based on merit irrespective of anything.

(Approximately 306 words)

(This model answer has been prepared by Zuhr Vardi)

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+7 # Jam 2016-08-27 04:49
Question: Men do most of the high-level jobs. Should the government encourage a certain percentage of these jobs to be reserved for women?

What is your opinion on that?

Answer: In most of the countries today, the right to education is same for both sexes and thus opening an equal opportunity for people to settle into jobs of their liking. I do not believe, even after being a female, that the government needs to leave open posts for women in the workforce, no matter how high up on the ladder it is, instead, they should make it a point that women gets equal rights with men and could work up to gain the position they desire and deserve.

Women in the past were given too little opportunity to further themselves in any field. Firstly education was not available to them as it is was for men only. The right to vote was vested upon us long after men have exercised theirs. Women who spoke their minds were being frowned upon or worse accused of unimaginable things. With all these social and political conditions, women from a long have accepted that it is their fate to be mothers and wives and outside world is forbidden for them.

In this era as both male and female are given the right to education, we believe that we could be anything or become anyone we want to be. We could be man's equal or perhaps superior to them in the fields that we choose to venture into.

In my opinion, the government do not need to show us pity and offer positions that men perceive we could handle. Instead, they should give us the right and opportunities to prove ourselves that we can compete equally. As a woman, personally, I see it as an act of chauvinism and an insult towards our ability and efforts to further ourselves. The government should not patronise us and offer high-level organisational posts; instead give us a fair chance to prove ourselves that we are at par with men in any of our chosen fields.

To conclude, I believe that reserving some higher positions for women is somehow derogatory and gender biased. In my opinion, everyone should be given even chances on everything especially for job opportunities regardless of their sexual orientation. Employment should be based on one's credentials and capacity to perform their jobs not based on the sex, colour or nationality.
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0 # Jansi 2016-08-31 19:38
Good answer for the question. Hows your preparation going on? When is your exam?
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-2 # Jam 2016-09-02 20:08
Thanks. It's tomorrow and I'm very nervous about it. Hope I can make it.
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+1 # IELTS Mentor 2016-09-03 06:13
Best of luck Jam. We wish you all the best.
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+6 # Marinda 2016-06-22 07:29
In many countries, especially in the Middle East, male employees hold most of the senior positions in different important sectors including politics, trade, economy, IT, commerce, banking etc. I agree that the government must support and encourage hiring women in high-level jobs even if it requires reserving a portion of these jobs for women.

It is often asked by many that, why governments have to reserve a percentage of jobs for women? Why are women still struggling to manage the managerial positions? Why so are many against the idea of letting women work and contribute as men do? In my view, it is social taboo and old idea to think about women working outside and their qualifications and ability to handle jobs responsibilities. If we look back in the history, we will find many examples of female leaders who succeeded to govern and rescue their people like Cleopatra, Hatshepsut and Queen Elizabeth. Also, there are many examples of famous scientists like Marie Curie who has got the Nobel prize for her achievements and the discovery of an artificial radiation for the medical cure, and this discovery was a like a miracle. To answer the questions asked by many, I would say reserving a fixed percentage of high-level jobs would ensure women empowerment and female participating in the world economy. Finally, people with outdated mentality are against letting women work outside.

Many people argue that women do not have the ability to handle her job responsibilities efficiently, particularly if she is married and have children. This might have been true to some extent in the past, but now, the changing lifestyle, better women education system, modern social perspective and use of technology at home have made it possible for females to easily manage her social and working responsibilities.

Eventually, women in many job fields are progressing quite remarkably. Letting them take responsibility in higher position would ensure a better working environment, rapid progress and overall development of the country.
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-2 # Kaveen 2016-02-26 07:58
This is the best website for IELTS.
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0 # Amir 2015-08-07 19:41
That was helpful. Thanks.
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+10 # Nima 2015-05-27 00:03
From many years past till now the discussions and debates are ongoing between women and men about their rights. Usually, men were leaders of houses and they were the earners for the family whereas women stayed at home and did household works like cleaning, sweeping, cooking, upbringing children throughout the history.

This process in many parts of the world has changed and women have entered the labour market, politics, and university and business sectors and took responsibility of the houses as well. They started finding high-level jobs, graduated from the best universities, got active in all areas and etc. From my everyday observation and experience, I think governments‘equal chances policy for empowering women in society has changed the scenario.

The traditions and customs even many social aspects of a country get affected very much in government’s decisions for everything, especially in generating jobs and education opportunities. For example in most of the European countries and in the USA chances of achieving high-level jobs are equal for men and women. In other countries, such as the Persian, Gulf Arabian countries, women don’t have the same opportunities as men have.

The economic situation is one of the most important things that influence in jobs position. For example in Iran due to this issue the municipalities don’t engage and employ women because jobs are very few for people in this country.

In summary, I think many situations and positions get affected in this decision from economic to custom of a country, so governments should produce jobs position for everyone equally but in all societies men obtain most of the high-level jobs because of their better opportunity, good chances, temper, power of negotiation and other traits than women.
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+1 # Oanh Nguyen 2015-01-03 14:37
In my opinion, there are some confusing points in the following quoted sentence.

"Second, the consumers, end users and service receivers of a company and organisation, are both male and female and female decision making employees for such companies are equally important compared to the male."
What do you mean by "and female decision-making employees"; why the participle phrase "making employees" was used.
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+3 # Espie 2014-11-20 11:45
The model answers are hands down impressive but I think it's almost impossible to come up with such in just a limited time (with 40 minutes target time for task 2). Very helpful, though. This site is by far the best for me.
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+2 # IELTS Mentor 2014-11-21 00:16
Hi Espie, thank you for your comment and inspiring words. Yes, writing over 450 words in a 40 minutes time frame is quite tough. But we aimed to give as much details as possible on those model answers so that you can get ideas and organise your own answer in 250-280 words.
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+6 # Satish 2014-04-16 17:01
Best website for IELTS.
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0 # Satish 2014-04-16 17:00
Thanks a lot IELTS Mentor.
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