IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 996 - The cost of international travel is decreasing and tourism is increasing

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The cost of international travel is decreasing and tourism is increasing in many countries. What are the advantages and disadvantages of the rising trend of tourism for countries?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1:
This is a true fact to consider that in the present day world has became a global village and people have chances to travel all over the world due to decreasing cost of international travel.  Considering this, some analysts consider that the rising trend of tourism need to be implemented in the potential countries. However, there are some pros and cons associated behind of increasing tourism in the world.

There are some significant advantages of growing trend of tourism. First and foremost, economic prosperity could be a significant advantage to consider. It is generally seen that few decades ago only developed countries and rich people had the chance to travel worldwide; however, due to the reduction of cost of air travel majority of middle and lower classes nowadays can afford to travel all over the world or within their own countries for different purpose.  As a result many developing countries can emphasize their tourism and can earn from foreign tourists and that could be higher than past. It can be demonstrated by recent survey in Sri Lanka that has more than 60% of total income received from tourism. Moreover, mitigating unemployment rate could be another merit of tourism as it offers excellent opportunity of new jobs potential.

Despite, the advantages discussed above regarding rising tourism there are some negative effects which cannot be neglected without any careful consideration. Endangering culture, tradition could be done from the excessive presence of foreign tourists and that could be a detrimental fact. Environmental damage and mixed cultural influences are hard to tacked when the tourism in a county flourishes.  

In the end, undoubtedly, increasing worldwide travels has immense benefits to the society; however, there are number of drawbacks that should be handled properly.

[ Written by - Thilini Shani ]

Model Answer 2:
It is true that the cost of travelling overseas has become cheaper these days and it has boosted the tourism industry in many countries. The growth in the tourism sector has its own benefits and drawbacks and the following essay will discuss about them in details.

For a number of reasons, the development of the tourism industry brings a lot of benefits for many nations. Firstly, it creates a lot of job opportunities for the local people. As many hotels and restaurants are built along the tourist attraction places, they absorb many local employments and reduce the unemployment rate. Secondly, the development will also increase the country's income. As the number of tourists from overseas increase, they spend some money for hotels and restaurants and these transactions are subjected to tax.

On the other hand, the growth of this industry also brings some negative effects to the country. As more tourists are coming to the country, more tourist attraction places are then built. Many of these places are made on natural conservation area, where as some wild animals would lost their natural habitat and bring negative impact to the ecosystem as well. And then some tourists also bring negative behaviors that affect to the local culture. For example, in some Asian countries, the people might not drink alcoholic beverages. However, as many westerners come to these countries and bring some liquor, many the local people are introduced to the beverage and started to drink alcohol as well.

In conclusion, it is true the growing trend of tourism industry has a lot benefits for many countries. However, it should be noted that it also bring some negative effects to these countries. I personally believe that it is the government task to make some clear regulations for the tourism sectors, therefore all the positive sides of the industry outweighed the drawbacks.

[ Written by – Darwin Lesmana ]

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