IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1110 - Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Governments should spend money on railways rather than roads.
To what extent do you agree or disagree with this statement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
Fast and safe transportation system and improved communication are two important aspects of the development of a country. Every government wants its citizens to commute safely and faster while the trade and business also depend on a solid transportation system. Thus when the question arises whether a government should focus on improving its railways or roads, people seems like have divided opinions. I personally agree that a government should spend more money on railways system as it is better to develop the railway transpiration system than developing roads.
Fast of all railways offers safe commuting both for the citizens and traders. The numbers of road accidents and casualties road vehicles cause in many countries are far more than that of accidents in the railway system. Thus investing more on a safe way of commuting is a much more prudent idea. Rails cause comparatively less environmental damage while the road vehicles are the main reason for increasing pollution around the world.
Second, rails can carry hundreds of people and several tonnes of goods while road transports can carry only a few people or fewer amounts of products at a time. Some shuttle trains are many times faster than that of private cars and public buses. Thus improved railways would save peoples’ valuable time every day. Thirdly, rail lines are usually away from the main cities and that is why some busy cities have no other alternatives than to improve their rail transportation system. Express trains can reduce the congestions in many cities and more investment to improve the railways is the only possible solutions in cities where a large number of people live in.
Finally, the population of the world is increasing rapidly and that is why investing more money on faster and safer transportation system is more logical than investing in the older transportation system. Railways will be future in transportation and investing on it is the better choice for any government.
In conclusion, I believe that a government, either in a developed or a developing country, should invest to build a safer, faster and more reliable transportation system and railways thus should always get a priority over the roads.
Sample Answer 2:
Some people believe that governments should build more railroads rather than highways and roads. To a certain point, I would agree with the statement, but I also believe that the decision of building railways or roads should be decided base on the natural condition of the area and the preference of citizens.
On the one hand, it is understandable if some people think that governments should expand more railroads rather than roads and streets. Firstly, it is obvious that when a country has extensive rail networks, it will positively affect the logistic cost. The selling price of many products would be cheaper since a single locomotive could carry tonnes of crops, goods or liquid products. Secondly, by building integrated subway stations in city centre areas, it will reduce traffic congestion. For example, as Singapore has a very good train network called MRT, most of the people rarely drive on their own vehicle. As a result, Singapore is free from traffic congestion and air pollution.
On the other hand, it is also important for governments to have some feasibility study regarding to the geological area before they disburse some money on railroads. It is a fact that some areas might not be feasible for railways, as those areas might be swamps or rocky mountain. Should the government enforced themselves in building railway networks there the investment cost might be unreasonable. For instance, the island of Borneo in Indonesia, is the one of the largest islands in the world, but most of the areas are swamps. It is not feasible for railroads but as the island have wide and long rivers such as the Mahakam and Kapuas, the government could focus more on building water transportation. The preference of citizens should also be considered before investing on construction on railroads or highways.
In conclusion, to a certain extent, I would agree that governments should build more railroads rather than roads and highways. But I do believe that governments should also make considerable measurement before they spend their money on railways. They must ensure that their areas are feasible and people prefer that transportation system.
[By - Darwin Lesmana]