IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1113 - Advantages and disadvantages of reducing the working week to 35 hours
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Unemployment is one of the most serious problems facing developed nations today. What are the advantages and/or disadvantages of reducing the working week to 35 hours?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Rising unemployment is arguably the most concerning economic problem in the modern world, especially for the industrialised countries. It is suggested to forbid more than 35-hour work week schedules, as it might help diminishing the issue. This essay will give in-depth analysis on both advantages and disadvantages of the mentioned solution.
It seems reasonable that a shorter working week can boost the demand for employment and provide a healthier working condition. As workers are expected to work five hours less per week, the companies have to consider additional recruitment to keep up with the former productivity, thus help in lowering the unemployment quote. Moreover, studies have highlighted the importance of granting employees a greater amount of time for resting. Not only will it lead to better performances, but also improve employee satisfaction, from which the organisations can benefit a lot.
On the other hand, there are bound to be pitfalls once the suggestion gets passed. Economically speaking, cutting working hours can severely hurt companies’ competitiveness in the market, since they are no longer as effective. The situation may get even worse if all firms suffer from the same problem. Prices are then likely to be raised so that the expenses can be covered. Ironically, the employees, who are also the main customers, turn out again to be the victims of the solution suggested.
To sum up, high unemployment rate in the industrial world has been a serious concern and it needs a proper solution. Limiting the working week to 35 hours might sound promising but there are nonetheless several potential issues, which must be thoroughly addressed.
[Written by - Quinn]