IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1115 - Economic progress is the most important goal

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many governments think that economic progress is their most important goal. Some people, however, think that other types of progress are equally important for a country.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1:
Governments in all countries have some visions and responsibilities and they are sought to achieve the overall developments of the country for a prosperous future. Thus many governments think that economic progress is the key to success while others disagree with this notion and opine that many other aspects such as green environment, security, social values, traditions and peace among nations are even more important. I personally believe that economic success of a nation is an important goal for a government but this is not the most important goal.

To start, many developed countries have already gained the economic progress and yet they are suffering from increased crime rates, hostile relationship with other nations, internal chaos, corruption and outbreak of epidemic diseases. Thus economic progress had failed to ensure better life standard of citizens and this is a proof that only economic progress should not be the vision of a government. On the contrary, without economic stability, a government cannot ensure development in education, defence, healthcare, international trade and safety of citizens.

Again, industrialisation and success in trades have ensured economic stability to many western and Asian countries and yet the environmental damage that this progress has caused is overwhelming. What good money would bring to a nation if they cannot build a safe and green environment for the next generation? However, many people would also argue that it is better to leave a prosperous country to the new generation rather than leaving a broken economy. 

Furthermore, economic progress requires many monopoly business implementations, dominance in international trade and use of cheap labours from other countries. That can only make other nations hostile and history tells us that wars are imminent due to the competition of being rich among nations. On the contrary, without economic success a country cannot defend itself from outer threats, fight with epidemic diseases and cannot ensure proper healthcare facilities to its citizens. Finally, some would say, with the economic progress the country will lose its old way of living, traditional values and uniqueness as a nation. But it should also be considered that change is the fundamental basis of development and if a nation worries too much about the old way of living, it would fail to ensure development compared to other nations. 

In conclusion, there is no doubt that economic progress should be an important goal for a government but there are still many aspects which are equally important.

Sample Answer 2:
It is believed that the growth of a nation is only measured by the economic growth, therefore many governments are focusing more on their economic progress rather than other aspects. However, some people disagree with the statement, as they believe that there are other matters which are important as well. The following essay will discuss  both views in details.  

On the one hand, it is a fact that many governments are giving more attention to economic development compared to other sectors. It is mainly due to the fact that economic growth plays an important role in the development of a nation. When a country's economic sector grows, it means that business transactions are increasing, new job opportunities are being created and the government is getting more funds through taxes. The funds could be used for the improvement of other sectors such as education, public infrastructures and military services.  

On the other hand, even though economic growth plays an essential part, governments must also ensure that other sectors are developing as well. The economic condition of a country will not grow without the support of a secure social condition, better political condition and advanced educational system. Investors will not place their investment in countries that have an insecure political condition such as in North Korea or Iraq. And then, without the existence of educated and skilled workers, it will be difficult for a country to improve their industrial and trade activities. Therefore, the growth of the economic sectors should be aligned with other important sectors as well.

In conclusion, it is undeniable that economic growth plays an important role in the development of a nation. Consequently, many governments are giving more attention to the economic sector compare to the others. I personally believe that besides economic there are other sectors which are important as well, such as education and social welfare and political condition. These sectors should also be developed with the economic sector.

[Written by - Darwin Lesmana]

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