IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 59 - Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace them with modern buildings?

What is your viewpoint on this issue?

Use specific reasons and examples to support your opinion.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
Some people think that old, historic buildings are no need for the city and they should be destroyed and replaced with modern ones. However, other people believe that historic buildings must be preserved in order to know and remember our past. For several reasons that I will mention bellow I agree with those people who want to preserve old, historical buildings.

First of all, by preserving historical buildings we pass our history to our future generations. I think that out children should know their history, learn from it and respect it. People need to know their traditions and customs, which are priceless and irreplaceable. Our history is our knowledge and power. In my opinion, we need to preserve and restore historical buildings. By destroying them we show our disrespect to our forefathers and their traditions.

Second of all, by preserving historical buildings a city can attract many travellers. Welcoming tourists a city can get many benefits including money, which can be spent on preserving historical buildings as well as on improving roads and facilities. Every city has its own tradition and history which is reflected through the art and creation of the building mostly. Destroying those heritage means destroying the old value and history.

Also, many tourists mean a lot of new business opportunities. Another important aspect of this is that businessmen will be willing to build new recreational centres, hotels, movie theatres, shopping centres to make a city more attractive for travellers. In addition to those practical benefits, many people will have the opportunity to get a job. All this is good for the economy of the city.

To sum up, I believe that preserving old, historical buildings can bring only benefits to a city and all humankind.

(Approximately 289 words)

(This model answer has been prepared by the site developer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible answers.)

Model Answer 2:
Modernization has resulted in rapid expansion of cities, which has left its heritage and culture behind. Day by day new commercial complexes and other buildings are coming up in the place of older buildings. Sometimes historically significant buildings have been demolished to build new structures. This has stirred into an interesting debate on whether the historic buildings should become a prey of modernization or not.

Firstly, conserving historical building is a means of transferring ancestral legacy to the future generations. These are a great means for our children to learn about our culture and heritage, also such monuments often give insight into our ancestor's lifestyle. Knowing our history and giving respect to it is very much important to advocate patriotism in young people.

Secondly, such buildings will attract more tourists, hence, the tourism industry will grow. This brings more money, thus improves the lives of people over there. This money could be used to preserve and renovate such buildings. Additionally, a city becomes well known among other parts and this increases chances of getting more funds and investments.

Finally, increased tourism means increased income. To cater to the increasing number of tourists’ new hotels, resorts and better facilities have to be built. Apart from bringing more money, it increases employment opportunities too.

In my opinion, by preserving such buildings would greatly benefit to the economy and also teaches future generations about their history, culture and traditions. Furthermore, it significantly contributes to infrastructure developments and modernization, at the same time allows saving the cultural beauty.

(Approximately 251 words)

(by- Santosh)

Model Answer 3:
It is believed that old, historic buildings are not useful to the community and they occupy space in an already premium location. Take Colosseum of Rome for example, the building occupies a lot of space in the middle of a city but it has more advantages that compensates for the loss of premium due to land cost. It can be argued that the contemporary buildings have more advantages than disadvantages by analysing the impact due to culture and revenue from tourism in these buildings.

The rich cultural and heritage of our ancestors can only be passed down to the future generations through such structures. The structure is an evidence of history and portrays itself to provide a comparison of lifestyle evolution since the recorded history. As an illustration, Eiffel tower standing tall in the centre of the city was built about a century ago. It clearly is not having any useful money generating purpose apart from tourism. However, the future generations can take it as a proof for the existence of scholars who could build skyscrapers which could last several centuries without the use of modern technology and equipment. The pride of owning such engineering marvel is priceless.

Secondly, the government’s spending to preserve this building is benefitted multiple folds through the revenue generating by touring individuals. The revenue generated from the Tirupathi temple, for instance, accounts for second largest revenue generating source after tax revenue in case of Andhra Pradesh. Hence, it can be clearly seen that the amount of effort and the time invested by city authorities could fetch a very attractive return over investment than building modern structures.

On the other hand, due to the migration of people from countrysides and population expansion within cities, there is a huge demand for real estate space. There is increasing pressure on local governments to demolish heritage buildings due to inefficient usage of space inside them. For instance, Singapore which has a total area of 27 km2 cannot afford to have a large colosseum. These days, though, local bodies are coming up with innovative ideas like moving an entire building by fitting wheels under them. Such techniques can be used instead of destroying the culture and revenue from them.

In short, preserving a historic building within a city proves to be a highly valuable proposition than replacing them with modern buildings. Hence it is recommended to city officials for looking into every possible alternative than demolishing the historic monuments.

(Approximately 432 words)

(by- Vasudevan)

Model Answer 4:
Past and future have to be a part of every city's characteristics; this is what makes cities different and diverse. That’s how we get attracted to one city and feels bored at another. Walking in the streets alone should give us an idea of the history of the city or how technologically advanced it is. So, I think it is a critical task and an influencing one on the inhabitants of the city to decide what historical buildings to keep and what to replace with modern iconic ones. This balance can keep the soul of a city and still hold a place on the race of development.

On another hand, I think it is crucial to keep a significant amount of any city's historical buildings as it teaches people about their past and how they actually developed, it grows a sense of loyalty and patriotism; it increases the feeling of ownership and in return preservation. In general these impacts positively on society and on the message any visitor leaves with after a visit.

Here comes to mind how the city of Munich in Germany rebuilt and still most of the historical buildings destroyed during the world war two, it is an accurate imitation of the original destroyed building using archived photos and old blueprints, this shows how significant history is to their culture and way of life.

In brief, it's not the buildings that are preserved, it's the history, the stories behind those buildings and the people spent parts of their lives on those buildings, preserving all this will never happen unless there are still remains of their past presence and those buildings stands as a witness and a living proof of this existence.

(Approximately 285 words)

(by- Mohamed Shokry)


1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.60 (5 Votes)


0 # Rukesh 2016-08-19 11:56
Very good. I love it.
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2016-08-20 05:29
Dear Rukesh, We are very happy to hear that.
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0 # Saichand 2016-07-09 03:10
Historic monuments, famous sculptures and historic buildings have great significance in a city and they represent the history and tradition of an area. They attract many local and foreign tourists which enables the government to have additional funds and let the people learn about the past. However, it is a matter of great regret that, many such historic buildings are destroyed to build new multi-storied modern building in many cities.

First of all, historic buildings have great significance in preserving old history, tradition and replacing them with modern building is a great loss in my opinion. We need to pass our history to the next generation and destroying these historic significance would leave us nothing to pass to our future generation. Secondly, old buildings are attractive monuments and they will surely attract a large number of local and foreign tourists. This helps the visiting tourists in gaining knowledge and the government will also earn from the entry tickets.

Thirdly, like I said, historic monuments will definitely have the story behind them. For example, Taj Mahal is one of the seven wonders of the world and it is the oldest monument that the India had. The monument defines the symbol of love, devotion and fine architectural works. It describes the story Mogul emperor Shah Jahan few hundreds years ago and still remains as a representative on Indian history.

In conclusion, preserving these historic monuments will shows the history behind them and also attracts foreigners which will help government a lot. In my point of view, maintaining these buildings for a good reason is better than destroying them.
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