IELTS Cue Card Sample 435 - Describe an important technological advancement

IELTS Speaking Part 2: IELTS Cue Card/ Candidate Task Card.

Describe an important technological advancement in your country.

You should say:

  • what it is
  • how it happened
  • how long it took

and explain what effect it has had on people in your country.

[You will have to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You have one minute to think about what you're going to say. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.]

Sample Answer 1:
The wide-spread use of the internet and availability of cheap and advanced mobile devices have made eCommerce very popular in our country. eCommerce, in my opinion, is so far the most important technological advancement in our country which has redefined the selling and purchasing of goods and services.

With the popularity of the Internet and computer technology, the opportunity for the booming of eCommerce business occurred around 10-12 years ago in our country. In fact, it happened as soon as the concept of eCommerce business was accepted globally. A huge number of Internet users, a great potential for business owners, availability and facility of online payment, quick and safe shipment facilities, development of Information Technology sector in our country and above all people’s spontaneous participation have contributed towards the advancement of eCommerce technology. Facebook is quite popular in our country and the concept of Facebook commerce or F-commerce has also become popular as thousand of store owners have started selling products through Facebook stores or Facebook pages. F-commerce is another form of eCommerce or electronic commerce which is also gaining its popularity.

Technological advancement is ever changing and it does not have a finish line. Thus we cannot say for sure that eCommerce technology is fully developed and requires no further advancement. However, the advancement that has already happened in this field took more than 10 years in our country. I can still recall the days when eCommerce was in its early stage and only a very small number of people actually knew about it. However, the total number of online merchants, customers, and online transactions per day is quite huge now.

Advancement of eCommerce technology has had an ample effect on the mass people, online store owners and on the overall trade and business in our country. There are scarcely any businesses here that do not have some shorts of online presence. The eCommerce is no longer an option, it has become a must. The way people purchase their daily necessities and the way merchants reach to the customers have changed dramatically.

Without an online presence, businesses cannot stay in competition these days. Many small business owners have tapped into the eCommerce world and gained brand popularity and have enhanced their business opportunities to a large extent. Stores are no longer restricted to a physical location with fixed business hours. Online stores are now open 24/7 and reach people anywhere in the country or beyond the borders. The number of online shops is rapidly increasing and those stores have gained their popularity among the citizens of our country. In many cases, those stores do not have a particular physical shop and this has all been possible only because of the advancement of eCommerce technology. People no longer need to visit a shop to purchase a product. They can virtually order any product from anywhere and get it delivered in few hours. The purchase, payment and delivery are all connected via secured connections and it is a revolutionary way of selling and purchasing products and services.


Sample Answer 2:
Technology is the key to the development of a nation. India has significantly advanced in this arena especially sectors like nuclear and space science. I am glad to have the opportunity to discuss the issue and I would like to thank you for this nice cue card topic.
India has advanced in nuclear technology and space science. Regarding nuclear technology, the achievements are significant. In fact, nuclear is a great source of electricity for the country. There are 21 active nuclear reactors are in operation across India and all the sources produces a combined amount of over 30,000 GWh of electricity. To meet the increasing demands of electricity, six more nuclear reactor constructions are underway. The progress of India in space science is also noteworthy. Indian Space Research Organization, better known as ISRO is the space authority for the country. It was formed in 1969 and since then it has undertaken a huge amount of activities to explore the space. Already a couple of satellites have been launched to space and they are in good condition.

But the beginning of the technological advancements was not smooth. They experienced a huge number of negative impacts especially the establishment of nuclear reactors in different parts of India had to face huge protests from the public regarding the detrimental impacts of nuclear reactors. Despite being the fourth-largest source of electricity in India, the people were against the installation of nuclear power plant. Even the state government of West Bengal also denied the plea for installing a plant under its region. Moreover, public interest litigation was also filed against the Indian Government. On the other side, the space research had to face fewer challenges like the nuclear reactors. Rather the ISRO had some favours from the State. It has launched a large number of communication satellites to space and still is planning for some improved satellites and launching vehicles.     

The beginning for both the nuclear and space research was not smooth for the country. They had to experience hardship and struggle. Advancements were not made overnight. Establishment of nuclear power plants was the most challenging task for the government. The mitigation of the legal suits was really troublesome. Besides, failure in sending satellites was the most common issue for the ISRO. Initially, it had to launch satellites with external help. With the gradual attempts, it has become a self-reliant entity. Besides, in some of the parts of the country, the nuclear power plants are still believed to be harmful to the environment and ecology. Hence, the attempts to install some other nuclear power plants are still on the card – not being implemented.

With the advancement of nuclear and space research, the people of India are having many benefits than the other Asian countries. First of all, the communication system has been improved. With the launch of numerous communication satellites, the overall communication system has been improved. Now the people of India can communicate with the global population within a second. Besides, with the use of nuclear power, electricity is generated and thus the people are enjoying continuous electricity. Moreover, production level has also increased to a great extent. The remote parts of the country have come under the electricity net and the overall living standards of the Indians have improved. As a result, the people are enjoying the benefits of the technological advancement of the country.


Part 3 – Two-way discussion:

Q. What are the differences between the life in the past and at the present?

Q. What are the impacts of electrical equipment on human’s life in the past ten years?

Q. What are the advantages and disadvantages of computer and internet?

Q. Do you have a mobile phone? What are its advantages?

Q. What role does technological development play in people’s life?

Q. How will technology develop in the future?

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