IELTS Cue Card Sample 92 - Describe the environmental pollution in your city

IELTS Speaking Part 2: IELTS Cue Card/ Candidate Task Card.

Describe the environmental pollution in your city.

You should say:

  • what type of pollution it is/ are
  • why it happened
  • effect of this pollution

and explain how can this pollution be controlled.

Model Answer:
I live in (..say the name of your city..) and this city has got some several issues related to environmental pollution. The major environmental pollutions that this city has are water pollution, air pollution and sound pollution.

The main reason for these pollutions is overpopulation and a rapid and unplanned industrialisation of this city. The city has more than (…say the current population of this city..) whereas the number should have been far less than that. It is evitable that a large number of populations in a small city always cause environmental pollution as they use more cars, consume more energy and natural resources and create more wastages and noises.  

The reason for the water pollution is the uncontrolled number of industries, factories and other constructions that have been grown up beside the rivers. These factories and industries produce a large number of chemical and other wastages which directly affects the water. Inappropriate and uncontrolled construction is another reason for water pollution in our city. The effect of water pollution is severe, the water supply would be affected and the supply of safe and clean water would be threatened. A large number of people rely on the water of the rivers and they would be directly affected. Lots of people would get sick due to water pollution and those diseases can become epidemics if not controlled and that results in an immense loss of innocent lives.  

Air pollution is also very concerning in this city and the chemical smoke, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide emitted from automobiles and industries are the main reason for air pollution. This city has more than million automobiles and thousands of industries which are omitting the dangerous gases, and ingredients which are causing the air pollutions.  Air pollution is the direct reason people suffer from various dangerous diseases including lung cancer, asthma, heart disease etc. In fact the number of people currently suffering from these diseases in alarming and if steps are not taken to prevent air pollution immediately, this number would rapidly increase.

Sound pollution is produced by the loud horns used by the cars, loud sound used for announcement and cacophony created due to loud sound. Airplanes that fly over the resident area created a very loud noise as well. Air pollution is a silent killer that causes lots of serious diseases including hearing and brain cancer. The air pollution directly affects the natural balance by affecting the wild lives.

The most important thing to reduce pollution in our city is to create public awareness. We are mostly creating that pollution and endangering ourselves, the Earth and other species. Without our awareness and strict determination to prevent our city from pollution, we can’t reduce or prevent it. Strict laws should be introduced and be applied against any environmental pollution and all the illegitimate industries and companies should be banned. The decentralisation of industries and offices can be effective as it would reduce the number of people currently living in this city.

Job opportunities and other facilities should be improved in the rural areas so that people can manage works in their own cities and villages other than coming to this city. The education and morality are two important aspects that help people understand the necessity of keeping the city clean and healthy.


Part 3 – Two-way discussion:

Q. Is water pollution a problem in your country?

Q. What are some of the causes of water pollution?

Q. What can individuals do to try and ensure water is kept clean?

Q. Do you think problems with the cleanliness of water will improve in the future?

Q. What can an individual do to reduce the pollution in your city?

Q. How pollution can affect the biodiversity of our environment?

Similar Cue Card topics:

Your ability to talk about this Cue Card Topic would enable you to talk about the following Cue Card Topics as well:

1. Describe a problem that you face your city.
2. Describe a pollution that causes a great problem in your city.  
3. Describe a city you know that has air pollution.
4. Describe something you would like to change in your city.
5. Describe a law you would like to introduce in your community.
6. Describe something irritating in your community.
7. Describe a change that has happened to the place you live in.

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