IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1113 - Advantages and disadvantages of reducing the working week to 35 hours
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Some people opine that increasing office hour is a reason for many social and personal problems and that is why it should be reduced to 35 hours in a week. What are the advantages and disadvantages of reducing the working week to 35 hours?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
A balanced professional and personal life is the key to happiness according to many researchers. This is why a group of people suggest reducing the office hours to 35 hours per week to allow employees have more free time. It is undeniable that overwork causes stress and hamper the productivity in a long run, but 7 hours of work per day may reduce productivity and output.
To outline the advantages, 35 working hours per week will allow employees allocate more time for themselves and spend quality time with the family and friends. They will be inspired to take part in different social and sports activities and that would improve their health condition. Besides, the reduced working hours means more time for resting and taking vacations. Proper vacations refresh our mind and this has a relationship with the productivity of employees. Finally, many stress related issues are caused by overwork and if an employee works 7 hours a day, he is less likely to suffer from fatigue and stress.
On the other hand, decreased working hours would reduce the output of employees, especially in industries and that would hike the price of different commodities. Life would become even more costly due to the increasing price. Companies, on the other hand, will have to hire more employees to maintain their productivity and thus their operational cost would increase.
To conclude, a balanced working hour is already in place, which is 8 hours per day. Employees should work effectively during the office hours and leave office in due time. Companies should not put extra pressure and engage staff for more than 8 hours a day while the government should make sure that private companies are not violating the law regarding the work hours.
Sample Answer 2:
Different social and personal problems due to over work are arguably most concerning dilemmas in the modern world, both for developing and industrialised countries. It is suggested to forbid more than 35-hours work week schedule, as it might help diminish the issue. This essay will give in-depth analysis on both advantages and disadvantages of the mentioned solution.
It seems reasonable that a shorter working week can boost the demand for employment and provide a healthier working condition. As workers are expected to work five hours less per week, the companies have to consider additional recruitment to keep up with the former productivity, thus help in lowering the unemployment quota. Moreover, studies have highlighted the importance of granting employees a greater amount of time for resting. Not only will it lead to better performances, but also improve employee satisfaction, from which the organisations can benefit a lot.
On the other hand, there are bound to be pitfalls once the suggestion gets passed. Economically speaking, cutting working hours can severely hurt companies’ competitiveness in the market, since they are no longer as effective. The situation may get even worse if all firms suffer from the same problem. Prices are then likely to be raised so that the expenses can be covered. Ironically, the employees, who are also the main customers, turn out again to be the victims of the solution suggested.
To conclude, high unemployment rate in the world has been a serious concern and it needs a proper solution. Limiting the working week to 35 hours might sound promising but there are several potential issues, which must be thoroughly addressed.
[Written by - Quinn]