IELTS Essay 1158 - Overpopulation in most developing countries is a problem
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Overpopulation in most developing countries in Asia and Africa is a problem. If these countries do not try to control the population immediately, they will face serious problems. What are your suggestions to control population?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
The world already has an unendurable population and the highest percentages of them live in Asia and Africa. Poverty, corruption, pollution and diseases are epidemic in these parts of the world and the higher populace is the main reason for it. If the population in these two continents are not controlled, the problems would completely get out of hand and this essay suggests some ways of curbing the expansion of population.
The terribly higher population density, poverty, unemployment and other social problems have already made it tough for Asian and African countries to progress and the increasing population growth makes the future even more uncertain there. Higher population in some developed countries are seen as a blessing while it is not the case in most of the Asian and African countries as most of their citizens are uneducated and unskilled.
To control the population, the first step has to come from the government. The authority should restrict the number of children a family can have and violation of this policy should be severely punished. Countries like China have already adopted this policy and have been able to control their population to a certain extent. Besides, the citizens have to be aware of the negative effects of the uncontrolled population and spontaneously take the birth control measures. Without the support of the ordinary population, the government alone cannot control it. Above all, the international organisations like WHO, UNDP and other humanitarian organisation should work in these countries to educate people about the negative consequences of the higher population growth. Besides, they should provide funds for birth-control in these countries.
In conclusion, the higher population in poor countries are the greatest threat and the main hindrance to the progress. The government, ordinary people and international organisations should work together to control the rapid population growth in these countries. Without a combination of policy, awareness and a free flow of fund, it would be impossible to help those countries control their population.
Model Answer 2:
The population growth in the world is already out of control and this is more daunting in Asian and African countries. The population growth in these regions is uncontrollable due to ignorance, poor quality of life, and the religious and social taboo against population control. In this essay, I will briefly suggest some issues that overpopulation causes and some ways to control it.
Overpopulation causes a complex set of problems that negatively affect the quality of life, increase crime, pollution and corruption. Increasing population create more pressure on the already limited resources in the poor and developing countries and an upsurge in population will simply make the situation worse. Unemployment, inadequate infrastructure, poverty, malnutrition, low literacy rates and high competition already make the citizens suffer a lot and if the population growth is not controlled, it will make things worse day by day.
Controlling the population in a country could not be achieved overnight and despite initiatives and educational campaigns, the result might come slowly due to the social and religious taboo and lack of education. However, proper steps should be taken to control the rapid expansion of population. First and foremost is to make the social movements and awareness campaigns more frequent, especially among the poor citizens to educate them the negative consequences they will go through if they do not control the number of children in their family.
Making contraceptives available for free among the poor population should be ensured. Finally, the government must impose laws and rules to restrict the family members. For instance, families in China are not allowed to have more than one child and if any family violates it, they are financially punished. This may seem cruel at first but the one-child policy has already given positive outcomes to many populous countries.
In conclusion, if the population keeps on increasing at the current rate, the world would soon find itself in the verse of war for food, shelter and medicine. Increasing population can only deteriorate the lifestyle of people and this is even cruel in poor and developing countries. The time has come to take every step possible to tackle the heinous speed of population growth and countries should work together to bring an effective solution.