IELTS Academic Reading Sample 39 - The Motor Car

READING PASSAGE 39
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14-26 which are based on Reading Passage 39 below.

ielts reading sample 39
The Motor Car

A There are now over 700 million motor vehicles in the world - and the number is rising by more than 40 million each year. The average distance driven by car users is growing too - from 8 km a day per person in western Europe in 1965 to 25 km a day in 1995. This dependence on motor vehicles has given rise to major problems, including environmental pollution, depletion of oil resources, traffic congestion and safety.

B While emissions from new cars are far less harmful than they used to be, city streets and motorways are becoming more crowded than ever, often with older trucks, buses and taxis, which emit excessive levels of smoke and fumes. This concentration of vehicles makes air quality in urban areas unpleasant and sometimes dangerous to breathe. Even Moscow has joined the list of capitals afflicted by congestion and traffic fumes. In Mexico City, vehicle pollution is a major health hazard.

C Until a hundred years ago, most journeys were in the 20 km range, the distance conveniently accessible by horse. Heavy freight could only be carried by water or rail. The invention of the motor vehicle brought personal mobility to the masses and made rapid freight delivery possible over a much wider area. Today about 90 percent of inland freight in the United Kingdom is carried by road. Clearly, the world cannot revert to the horse-drawn wagon. Can it avoid being locked into congested and polluting ways of transporting people and goods?

D In Europe, most cities are still designed for the old modes of transport. Adaptation to the motor car has involved adding ring roads, one-way systems and parking lots. In the United States, more land is assigned to car use than to housing. Urban sprawl means that life without a car is next to impossible. Mass use of motor vehicles has also killed or injured millions of people. Other social effects have been blamed on the car such as alienation and aggressive human behaviour.

E A 1993 study by the European Federation for Transport and Environment found that car transport is seven times as costly as rail travel in terms of the external social costs it entails such as congestion, accidents, pollution, loss of cropland and natural habitats, depletion of oil resources, and so on. Yet cars easily surpass trains or buses as a flexible and convenient mode of personal transport. It is unrealistic to expect people to give up private cars in favour of mass transit.

F Technical solutions can reduce the pollution problem and increase the fuel efficiency of engines. But fuel consumption and exhaust emissions depend on which cars are preferred by customers and how they are driven. Many people buy larger cars than they need for daily purposes or waste fuel by driving aggressively. Besides, global car use is increasing at a faster rate than the improvement in emissions and fuel efficiency which technology is now making possible.

G One solution that has been put forward is the long-term solution of designing cities and neighbourhoods so that car journeys are not necessary - all essential services being located within walking distance or easily accessible by public transport. Not only would this save energy and cut carbon dioxide emissions, it would also enhance the quality of community life, putting the emphasis on people instead of cars. Good local government is already bringing this about in some places. But few democratic communities are blessed with the vision - and the capital - to make such profound changes in modern lifestyles.

H A more likely scenario seems to be a combination of mass transit systems for travel into and around cities, with small 'low emission' cars for urban use and larger hybrid or lean burn cars for use elsewhere. Electronically tolled highways might be used to ensure that drivers pay charges geared to actual road use. Better integration of transport systems is also highly desirable - and made more feasible by modern computers. But these are solutions for countries which can afford them. In most developing countries, old cars and old technologies continue to predominate.

Questions 14-19
Reading Passage 39 has eight paragraphs (A-H). Which paragraphs concentrate on the following information? Write the appropriate letters (A-H) in boxes 14-19 on your answer sheet.
NB You need only write ONE letter for each answer.

14 a comparison of past and present transportation methods
15 how driving habits contribute to road problems
16 the relative merits of cars and public transport
17 the writer's own prediction of future solutions
18 the increasing use of motor vehicles
19 the impact of the car on city development

Questions 20-26
Do the following statements agree with the information given in Reading Passage 2? In boxes 20-26 on your answer sheet write
         YES                  if the statement agrees with the information
         NO                    if the statement contradicts the information
         NOT GIVEN      if there is no information on this in the passage

20 Vehicle pollution is worse in European cities than anywhere else.
21 Transport by horse would be a useful alternative to motor vehicles.
22 Nowadays freight is not carried by water in the United Kingdom.
23 Most European cities were not designed for motor vehicles.
24 Technology alone cannot solve the problem of vehicle pollution.
25 People's choice of car and attitude to driving is a factor in the pollution problem.
26 Redesigning cities would be a short-term solution.

Click the button to Show/ Hide Answers.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.50 (14 Votes)

Comments   

0 # Ali 2016-09-29 16:08
I really like this post. Thank you very much for sharing with us.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
-1 # Stanton 2014-12-23 20:38
It's an remarkable post in favor of all the internet
visitors; they will obtain advantage from it I am
sure.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Patrice 2014-12-13 05:49
Since the admin of this web page is working, no doubt very rapidly it
will be renowned, due to its quality contents.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
+1 # Robt 2014-12-06 10:16
Great IELTS website you have here.. It's hard to find high-quality writing like yours nowadays.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Aurelia 2014-12-05 08:43
Thank you for the auspicious writeup.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Jordan 2014-12-04 18:18
Having read this I thought it was rather enlightening.
I appreciate you finding the time and effort to
put this information together.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Hassie 2014-12-03 01:21
Hello There. I found your blog using msn. This is a really well
written article. I'll be sure to bookmark it and come back to read more
of your useful information. Thanks for the post.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Melaine 2014-12-01 23:41
Good post.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Ngan 2014-12-01 13:48
I absolutely love your IELTS website and find the majority of your post's to be just what I'm looking for.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Claire 2014-11-26 18:41
This is very interesting, You are a very skilled IELTS blogger.

I've joined your rss feed and look forward to seeking more of your wonderful post.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Sherman 2014-11-26 06:07
I was extremely pleased to discover this great site.
I need to to thank you for your time due to this fantastic read!!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Amelie 2014-11-21 22:54
It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd certainly donate to this brilliant blog!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Luther 2014-11-21 17:05
Thank you for sharing your info related to IELTS. I truly appreciate your efforts and I will be waiting for your further post thank you once again.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Marisol 2014-11-21 05:18
It's a pity you don't have a donate button! I'd definitely donate to this superb IELTS blog!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Imogen 2014-11-12 06:57
I'd like to thank you for the efforts you've put in writing this website.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Columbus 2014-11-10 07:25
Hi friends, good paragraph and good arguments commented at this place, I am genuinely enjoying by these.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Ervin 2014-11-10 01:49
Very shortly this site will be famous amid all IELTS blog viewers, due to it's good posts and great model answers for IELTS question.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
+2 # Mikki 2014-11-09 21:58
Hello there, I discovered your blog by means of Google whilst looking for helpful topics for IELTS, your site got here up, it looks great.

I've bookmarked it in my Google bookmarks.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Hermelinda 2014-11-09 20:55
Very helpful for IELTS. Fortunate me I found your website before my IELTS exam.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
-1 # Maritza 2014-11-09 18:34
Hello, I wish for to subscribe for this blog to get most recent
updates, thus where can I do it please help out.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Hayden 2014-11-09 08:44
Quality IELTS content with sample answer is the key to be a focus for the people to pay a visit the web page, that's
what this web site is providing. One of the best IELTS resources available in internet.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Kalar 2014-11-09 06:39
You really make it seem so easy with your presentation for the IELTS students.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Jina 2014-11-09 05:05
I like the valuable information you provide in your articles related to IELTS.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Minna 2014-11-08 09:59
Have you ever considered publishing an ebook or guest authoring on other websites?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Madeleine 2014-11-08 07:22
Thanks for finally talking about IELTS Academic Reading Sample 39.It is helpful for me.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Ludie 2014-11-07 01:47
I am really inspired together with your writing skills as neatly as with the
structure for your blog.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Ashlee 2014-11-06 23:10
Very great post. I simply stumbled upon your blog and wished to mention that I've really enjoyed surfing around your weblog posts.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Krystle 2014-11-06 21:10
Hi, I do believe this is an excellent website.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Timmy 2014-11-05 12:20
Please let me know if you're looking for a writer for your site.
You have some really good posts and I think I would be a
good asset.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Margareta 2014-11-05 04:06
hi!,I like your writing so much!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Genevieve 2014-10-27 18:09
I’m not that much of a online reader to be honest but your
sites really nice, keep it up!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Tory 2014-10-27 12:06
Thanks for sharing your thoughts on IELTS Academic Reading Sample.
Regards
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Landon 2014-10-26 03:46
Saved as a favorite, I love your web site!
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Bettina 2014-10-25 23:40
Very good blog! Do you have any tips and hints for aspiring writers?
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
+1 # Dotty 2014-09-19 16:04
Good to find your IELTS Website as it is very helpful. The contents are singly great for the IELTS preparation. Best of luck IELTS team.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Darryl 2014-06-28 02:52
Where can I find more tips on answering the IELTS reading section correctly. I have problems getting a good score in the reading section of IELTS. Any help wold be much appreciated.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Homer 2014-05-22 15:14
This is the best IELTS Reading resources I have found so far online. The reading passages are from real IETLS exam and the answers are very helpful to score my own reading score.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Vera 2014-05-22 02:25
IELTS Reading Sample with Answer. If you can finish the reading passages listed in this website and then sit for the IELTS exam, you would get a good score in your reading section.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
+1 # Refugio 2014-05-21 12:05
I have not found any better website than www.ielts-mentor.com so far. The blog section of this website is not rich enough but I guess that's because they are new.
I made this comment here because I found the reading section of this website provides answers and that's very helpful for me.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
0 # Camille 2014-05-19 20:49
What are the answer explanation for the questions 23, 24 and 25? Please help me understand the answers of these questions. Many thanks in advance.
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote
+1 # Vickey 2014-04-04 14:09
Thanks for sharing your thoughts on IELTS Academic Reading Sample.
Regards
Reply | Reply with quote | Quote

Add comment


Security code
Refresh