Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 86 - Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather
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The diagram below shows how the Australian Bureau of Meteorology collects up-to-the-minute information on the weather in order to produce reliable forecasts.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
Sample Answer 1:
The given diagram shows how the weather information is collected by Australian Bureau of Meteorology to provide accurate and updated weather forecasting. As is observed from the given illustration, the weather information collection is done via satellites, radars and drifting buoys and then analyzed before broadcasting them to the public.
As is presented in the diagram, the weather information is collected using three different types of sources namely, satellites, radars and drifting buoys. The raw data collected from satellites is basically satellite photos while radar information are observed from the radar screens and the synoptic charts are yielded from the drifting buoys and these three types of data are fed in a computer system to analyze and prepare the weather news for broadcasting.
After than the weather news is broadcasted in different public media like televisions, radios and telephones. The final information regarding the weather is provided to the public via TV news, radio broadcasting and as recorded announcement in devices like telephones.
Looking at the first and second stages of the process, there are three ways of collecting weather data and three ways of analysing it. Firstly, incoming information can be received by satellite and presented for analysis as a satellite photo.
The same data can also be passed to a radar station and presented on a radar screen or synoptic chart. Finally, drifting buoys also receive data which can be shown on a synoptic chart.
In the third stage of the process, the weather broadcast is prepared on computers. Finally, it is delivered to the public on television, on the radio or as a recorder telephone announcement.
The illustration provides information about the process of collecting current and reliable weather forecasts and then broadcasting this to mass people which is conducted by the Australian Bureau of Meteorology.
As can be seen, this process needs some equipment to gather news forecasts and three main sources, such as satellite, radar, and drifting buoy are used for collecting weather information.
To begin with, satellite is used to capture images of Australian weather from the outside of planet. Meanwhile, radar can give screen pictures while a drifting buoy which is placed on the sea reveals a synoptic chart of Australian climate.
Subsequently, all of the information is analyzed to know the real weather condition in Australia. After that, these data are put on the computer to prepare the report for the public broadcast. People will know the weather forecasts in Australia through various media, in particular, TV newsreader, radio, and recorded announcement.