Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 114 - Percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The bar chart below gives information about the percentage of the population living in urban areas in the world and in different continents.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» Write at least 150 words.

Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 114

Sample Answer:
The given bar graph gives data on the number of people living in urban areas in different continents of the world. The data are given for three different years, i.e. 1950, 2007 and projected for the year 2030.

As is presented from the given data, initially in 1950, on an average 29% people of the world lived in the urban area. In this year, the highest percentage of the population lived in urban areas were in North America which was 64%. In Africa and Asia, these percentages were lowest (15 and 17 percentage respectively). Half of the Europeans lived in urban areas while this percentage was 42% in Latin America. After 57 years in 2007, the percentage of urban area population reached to 49% in the world. North America again had the highest percentage of the population who lived in urban areas. The lowest percentage was in Africa (37%) and in other continents, the percentages were around 40 to 70. The percentage of the population lived in urban areas increased significantly in 2007 compared to the percentages of 1950.

It is projected that 60% of the world population would live in urban areas in the year 2030. This percentage would be more than 80 in both of the American continents. In Europe, this would increase to 78 and both in Asia and Africa around half of their population would live in urban areas.

In summary, the percentage of people lived in urban areas increased over time and more and more people would be living in urban areas over time.


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+1 # Anu 2016-04-20 11:10
The provided bar chart compares the percentage urban population in the year 1950, 2007 and gives predictions for the year 2030. The urban population percentages are given for the whole world and five regions as well.

According to the chart, population of city area was more in North America than Africa and this trend will remain unchanged in the future. By 1950, 29% world population lived in cities and 49% by the year 2007. This percentage will keep on increasing and 60% population of the world will live in city areas in 2030.

The proportion of urban populations was higher in America and Europe than that of Asia and Africa. While more than 64% people in North America lived in cities in 1950, this percentage were less than 20 in Asia and Africa.

It is predicted that about 80% population in the American and European continents will live in urban places in 2030 while the world average at that time would be 60%. Interestingly more than half of the Asian and African population in 2030 will be living in city areas.
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+1 # Kavery 2016-03-21 18:33
The provided bar graph illustrates the urban population distribution in five different continents in 1950 and 2007 and projects this distribution for the year 2030. Overall, people in the urban area increased as the year advanced and more people will live in the city areas in the future.

As is observed from the given illustration, in 1950 less than one third of the world population lived in the city whereas this number increased to nearly 50% in 2007. City population is expected to reach 60% in 2030. Among the five continents, the highly populated urban areas were in North America, Latin America and Europe. In 1950 city dwellers ratio in American continents were 42 – 64% and in 2030 it is expected to exceed 84%.

Obviously, Asian and African city living population percentages are fewer, only 15-17% people lingered in the city areas in 1950. These percentages will gradually increase to around 50% by the year 2030. In summary, the dwellers in the urban area have significantly increased during the time frame and also expected to rise in the upcoming years.
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