Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 45 - CO2 emissions for different forms of transport in the European Union
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» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below shows CO2 emissions for different forms of transport in the European Union. The Pie Chart shows the percentage of European Union funds being spent on different forms of transport.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph below.
» You should write at least 150 words.
Sample Answer 1:
The given graphs provide information on the amount of Carbon dioxide emission per person from different vehicles in the European Union and also show the expenditures on different modes of transportations. As is observed from the given illustration, the highest amount of CO2 per person is emitted by the Air transports and the European Union spends the highest percentage of funds for the road transportation system.
According to the bar graph, a single passenger of a personal car omits around 130 gm of CO2 per kilometer while a passenger in a bus contributes to 65 gm of emission per kilometer. Coaches, maritime and rail passengers emit the lowest amount of CO2 which is about 50 grams per passenger in a kilometer. Finally, a single passenger of an airplane contributes to 370 km of CO2 per kilo which is the highest amount of CO2 emission among the given transportations.
Based on the pie chart, the European Union spent the highest amount (52%) on the road transportation system while spent only 1% or 2% on ports, waterway airport intermodal and other transport systems. They spent 31% on the rail system and 10% on the public transportation system. This indicates the European Union spent the majority of the budget on public transportations.
In summary, Airplanes and personal car using passengers per person cause more CO2 emission than other modes of public transportations and the European Union spends more on road and railways than other modes of transports.
(Approximately 238 words)
( This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)
Model Answer 2:
The given bar graph presents comparison data on the amount of CO2 emission per passenger kilometre travel in different modes of vehicles while the pie chart shows the ratio of the European Union’s spending on these forms of transportation. As is clear from the given illustration, Carbon dioxide emission per passenger in an air travel is singnifcantly higher than any other mode of transportation and more t han helf of the european Union’s spending goes on the road system.
According to the given bar graph, more than 350 grams of CO2 emission happends in the case of a passenger travel one km in an aeroplane. This Carbon dioxide emission is quite higher than any other form of tranportation. The second highest CO2 release is caused by the private cars which is responsible for discharging about 130 gm of CO2 per passenger km. Buses, maritimes and rails are responsible for the release of around 50 grams of CO2 per passenger hour. Finally, coaches are the most eco-friendly transportations as they emit less than 50 grams of Carbon dioxide per paseenger km.
On the other hand, the pie chart depicts the fund being spent on different modes of tranportation types and it is obvious that more than half of their spending goes on roads. Railways get the second highest funding which is 31%. Ublic transporation funding amounts 10% while all other transportations’ cost amounts less than the remaining 10%.