Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 170 - Why students are learning a foreign language

» You are advised to spend about a maximum of 20 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

The pie charts below show responses by teachers of foreign languages in Britain to a survey concerning why their students are learning a foreign language. The first chart shows the main reason for learning a foreign language. The second chart shows how many teachers felt that there has been a recent change in the reason.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

» You should write at least 150 words.

    % teachers reporting the following as most common reasons for learning:

Reason for learning a foreign language

    % teachers reporting recent increase in people learning for the following reasons:

Recent change

Sample Answer 1:
The given pie charts elucidate the opinions of some British foreign language teachers about the primary causes for students to learn a second language. Overall, career, travel and purchasing overseas property are three main reasons which were reported earlier for people to develop a second language skill and recent changes show that more people started learning the language due to other factors like social contact.  

According to the first diagram, one-third of the teachers in Britain who teach a foreign language believe that people learn a second language so that they can travel. According to them, career prospect is the second most important reason that drives just over one-fourth of the language learners. Interestingly, 19% students learned the language to be able to buy property while personal development and social contact each as a reason were reported by 7% teachers. The least percentage of tutors believe that people learn a language to have a foreign partner.

The second pie chart, however, show that there had been some changes and property purchase in a foreign country was reported as the main reason for learning a language. Career, according to this diagram, was the second most favoured reason while social contact attracted. Only 3% teachers at that survey believed that people learn a second language to travel. All other reasons contributed to just above 10% student's learning a foreign language.

[Written by - Elvira]  

 

Model Answer 2:
The pie charts illustrate the survey results conducted in Britain to reveal the opinion of foreign languages teachers about their students’ motivation on attending their classes. The first chart shows the common factors that attract pupils to learn languages while the second chart displays the recent changes of those factors perceived by the teachers.

It can be clearly seen that there are seven categories which the teachers consider as the main reasons. They are foreign partner, travel, business/work, buying properties overseas, general interest, social contacts and personal development.

To start with, based on teachers’ perceptions, business overseas trip and travelling were two domineering reasons for pupils to learn other languages. However, most of them agreed that there were different changes for both. More and more teachers thought that business purposes were the major reasons besides the others, but the percentage of those choosing travel as the main purpose fell dramatically from 33% to 3 % of total percentage.

Subsequently, there were 7 % of teachers who agreed that social contacts factor was the main reason, and it even doubled recently. On the other hand, even though 7 % of teachers considering personal development as one of the main reasons, 3 % of them agreed that it was not valid anymore. Thus, general interest and foreign partner which were thought as the minor factors has not changed at all. Interestingly, 15 % of teachers reporting that there were no changes for all of the categories which considered as the main reason for students to study a foreign language.

[ Written by Muhammad Abdi ]

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