Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 170 - Why students are learning a foreign language

» You are advised to spend about a maximum of 20 minutes on this task. Write about the following topic:

The pie charts below show responses by teachers of foreign languages in Britain to a survey concerning why their students are learning a foreign language. The first chart shows the main reason for learning a foreign language. The second chart shows how many teachers felt that there has been a recent change in the reason.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

» You should write at least 150 words.

    % teachers reporting the following as most common reasons for learning:

Reason for learning a foreign language

    % teachers reporting recent increase in people learning for the following reasons:

Recent change

Model Answer:
The pie charts illustrate the survey results conducted in Britain to reveal the opinion of foreign languages teachers about their students’ motivation on attending their classes. The first chart shows the common factors that attract pupils to learn languages while the second chart displays the recent changes of those factors perceived by the teachers.
It can be clearly seen that there are seven categories which the teachers consider as the main reasons. They are foreign partner, travel, business/work, buying properties overseas, general interest, social contacts and personal development.

To start with, based on teachers’ perceptions, business overseas trip and travelling were two domineering reasons for pupils to learn other languages. However, most of them agreed that there were different changes for both. More and more teachers thought that business purposes were the major reasons besides the others, but the percentage of those choosing travel as the main purpose fell dramatically from 33% to 3 % of total percentage.

Subsequently, there were 7 % of teachers who agreed that social contacts factor was the main reason, and it even doubled recently. On the other hand, even though 7 % of teachers considering personal development as one of the main reasons, 3 % of them agreed that it was not valid anymore. Thus, general interest and foreign partner which were thought as the minor factors has not changed at all. Interestingly, 15 % of teachers reporting that there were no changes for all of the categories which considered as the main reason for students to study a foreign language.

[ Written by Muhammad Abdi ]

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