Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 181 - Area of land from which grain was harvested

» You are advised to spend about  20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the area of land from which grain was harvested. Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information in the graph.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

» You should write at least 150 words.


World grain harvested area, 1950 – 96

World grain harvested area

Sample Answer:
The line graph presents data on the worldwide grain harvesting area from 1950 to 1996. As is clear from the given illustration, global grain harvesting areas increased gradually and grain price, land programmes and retrenchment had effects on the land area where grain was harvested.

According to the given illustration, just below 600 million hectares land was used globally to grow different crops. The USSR Virgin Lands Program was launched after 1950 and it increased the total land area for agricultural cultivations. The gradual increases with some fluctuations could be observed over the period and in 1970, harvested land area amounted over 650 million hectares. The grain price was doubled around 1974-75 and that contributed towards increasing harvesting areas. The highest land area for harvesting could be observed in 1998 when it was about 750 million hectares. From 1980 till the year 1996 retrenchment decreased the global harvested area and in 1996 it was around 670 million hectares.   

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