IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 607 - Overpopulation in many major urban centres around the world is a major problem

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Overpopulation in many major urban centres around the world is a major problem. What are the causes of this? How can this problem be solved?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write no less than 250 words.

Model Answer:
Population explosion in bigger cities in different parts of the world is a pressing issue. There appear to be three major causes of this, and several possible solutions, as we will explain here.
 
Firstly, there is an increasing rate of migration from rural, backwater areas to bigger cities, for better opportunities. Due to lack of employment opportunities and amenities in countryside, people are compelled to migrate to urban centres. Secondly, there are few colleges, universities or educational institutions in villages, meaning people have to shift to cities that offer such facilities. Finally, health facilities, better job prospects, and developed infrastructure allures people to settle in urban centres.
 
Unfortunately, rapidly growing population in major cities around the world has created various problems, which need to be addressed. To deter the migration from countryside to cities, better infrastructures and facilities should be for village dwellers. Improving hospitals, educational institutions and job opportunities in rural areas by establishing modern hospitals, universities, and companies can ameliorate overcrowding in urbanised areas. Added to that, people should be made aware of health benefits of living country-life. Furthermore, helping farmers to increase their agricultural productivity by providing improved seeds, irrigation facilities, and helping their product to sell in market to earn maximum profit will increase their income level. This will aid them come out of poverty, and enjoy quality life.
 
In conclusion, unmanaged booming population in urban areas is creating huge pollution and problems to city dwellers. To resolve this problem private sectors and government should coordinate to open up new companies in villages, to provide employment, and develop infrastructures to improve the livelihood of rural population.
[ Written by - Vivek Sharma ]
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