IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 673 - Environmental problems are too big for individuals to be solved

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that environmental problems are too big for individuals to be solved, while others think that individuals cannot solve these environmental problems unless governments make some action.

Discuss both views and give your opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1: 
Environment has become a major concern over the last couple of decades, resulting in several debates on who should be responsible for ensuring its sustenance for our future generations. In this essay we will discuss the point of views for establishing where the responsibility for protection of environment lies.
There is a strong argument that individually we cannot contribute materially to the cause of preserving our environment because it encompasses several areas where individual efforts become futile. Some examples are factories that are emitting hazardous gases in our air or dumping dangerous materials in our rivers. If we want to take this up as an individual we cannot be expected to be able to prevent this from happening. One could argue that if each share holders puts pressure on the companies that they own this could lead to build up of pressure for being more responsible, this unfortunately is not workable because usually the companies are mostly owned by funds that are managed by professionals, seeking profit and environment is very low on their priority list.
The above leads us to deduct that if this movement of preserving our environment is a collaborative effort of the government and general public we stand a better chance of being successful. The government should provide the legal infrastructure to control the natural instinct of profiteering of all investment institutions; with this the individual efforts could start making the difference. Continuing the above example if an individual member of the society notices that same happening in his or her surroundings, he or she can call on an implementation agency that would tackle the factory emitting hazardous gases and dumping dangerous materials. Examples of these implementation agencies include Environment control desk in the city office, environmental inspectors who randomly visit such factories and are empowered under the law to impose a fine or completely seal the production facility found in violation of the rules.
The responsibility surely seems to be tilting towards the actions of individuals supported through government agencies and legislative framework, thus in my opinion the combined efforts of the government and public would be more effective. This should not however be interpreted as being absolved from keeping our environment clean and we can through cans and other non-degradable materials on the beach.
[ Written by - Shakeel Haider]
Model Answer 2: 
In today’s modern world, we are constantly confronted with the issue of environmental problems which are becoming more severe nowadays on newspaper. Some people are of the opinion that individuals can hardly make a change to the environmental problems, while some believe that governments can help in solving the environmental issues. I strongly agree that governments do play an indispensable role in tackling these problems.
Some people think that the environment problems are not an easy task for individuals to deal with, but in fact, we can actually take up some good habits which could prove useful in dealing with environmental problems. For example, we can always bring along recycle bags with us so that we can cut down the usage of plastic bags. It can be clearly that individuals can actually contribute to help reduce environmental issues as less plastic bags being used means that less air pollution which is caused by the burning of plastic bags in the rubbish dumpsites.
It is certainly true that the environmental problems cannot be solved without the help of governments. To begin, governments have more power than individuals in coping the environmental problems. They can, for instance, set up law that ban the emission of wastes from factory directly into the air and water courses. As a consequence, less air pollution and water pollution guarantee the good health of citizens. By doing this, citizens will be healthier and they can now live in a pollution-free country.
In conclusion, environmental problems should be tackled immediately with the cooperation of individuals and governments. I believe that the environmental problems will be solved one day and our country will continue to prosper and flourish in the years to come.
[ Written by - Lee Wing Qeen ]
Model Answer 3: 
Pollution becomes a major concern in the society all over the world. In the society not only an individual, but also groups of people live. In the society it is everyone’s responsibility to protect the environment. Environmental problems caused by pollution, for example fuel gases, cutting of trees, gases released by factories. Government should take responsibility to reduce pollution in order to protect the environment.
Every individual who is leaving in the society should take responsibility to participate to protect environment. Firstly, people should grow trees at their houses, premises and colonies. By growing trees there are huge advantages, for example most of the polluted gases took over by tress and they release the oxygen. Everyone should not throw the wastages on the roads, maintain healthy environment by using the dustbins.
At the same time if we consider the government’s role: government have authority to protect environment. By planting the tress all over the places, for example all government places, besides the roads, schools, and parks etc., what I know this type of programme called clean and green environment. Thus the pollution can be controlled.  Cleanliness is very important to maintain environment healthy, hence government should emphasis the cleaners to clean the area thoroughly. Should place the dustbin every streets and educate the individuals by advertisements. Inspect the houses every month to check how the individuals maintain their house, so that the individuals reflect themselves and self-correct themselves. Conduct environmental talks in the school, that individual learns everything from childhood on-wards in the school.
I believed that it is every individual’s responsibility to solve the environmental problems, however impossible for only one individual in the society. So that government should take actions to solve the environmental problems, but encourage every individual to takes part all those activities.
[ Written by - Sandhya Ch ]
Model Answer 4: 
Environmental problems have dramatically increased over the last few years. Rapid increase in population and other problems such as pollution, deforestation, global warming etc. have further exacerbate the situation. Some people argue that these problems are too large to be addressed by individual being. I believe that it is a mutual responsibility of both individuals and countries to take pragmatic measures for its solution.

Over population is one of the pivotal reasons that have detrimental effects on the environment. Increase in population demand more food resources, living space and others basic amenities of life. For instance, for the sake of accommodation many natural parks and forests have been wiped out to fulfill the need of living space. This has lead to severe consequences that could damage both for the people and environment. 
Individual efforts can contribute a lot to address the pressing environmental problems. Steps taken in individual level can be an effective solution for the world. For instance, if the government of a country takes initiatives to reduce the rubbish produced daily, can’t do much. However, if the citizens take effort from their personal level, the rubbish production could be controlled tremendously. Similarly, if administration of a country starts planting trees, the effort would not go further without the collaboration of the individuals.
Pollution is also a great menace to environment. It is not only the reason of environmental problems but also have dire effects on people. Factories operating within cities emit dangerous smoke and others harmful toxic, which are enormously affecting people health and making them more susceptible to diseases. Furthermore, pollution also contributes in global warming. There has been a drastic increase in temperature around the globe. Which is result is the reason of melting glaciers across the world. These are no longer national issues and all the governments of the world should work together to address this pressing problems. That is why prudent decisions are required from the government level and the ordinary citizens should be encouraged and participate in every way possible to make the world a better place to live in.
To sum up, I would like to say that environmental problems should be addressed on large scale. Everyone have to contribute in order to mitigate its vulnerable effects on the world. Even a little effort by an individual can make a huge difference.
[ Written by - Fahad Sultan ]
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+1 # Susith 2016-02-21 15:22
Good. Before your exam, practice more model answers.This really helps me to face the exam.
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