IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 829 - The quality of life in large cities is decreasing

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The quality of life in large cities is decreasing. What could be the reasons behind this? What measures can be taken to resolve this problem?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:
The world's biggest cities are alluring new inhabitants the way giant sponges are sucking the water out of their surrounding areas. Despite the various benefits the cities can provide, the life quality suffers under diverse set of environmental and socio-economic issues. In current essay the most prevalent reasons and solutions will be discussed.

One of the most critical causes of the shattering quality is the worsening of the city dwellers' health due to various environmental pollutants. The smog in the World capitals and other high-density urban areas- e.g. Shanghai and Los Angeles- has become unbearable for their inhabitants and require undertaking of hampering measures.

The other often mentioned cause is intensified crime events. For that reason people are living under constant fear and threat; leaving them prone for stress related diseases and higher probabilities of falling victims of crimes. For instance, in Latin America's biggest cities, like Sao Paolo, is not recommended for women to walk alone at the streets even during the daylight.

For the problems, there are always solutions. Referring back to the pollution problem, the cure has been declared mainly by the means of cleaner energy and transportation systems. Many so called 'green cities' like Copenhagen are leading the way by development of higher quality public transport and prioritizing the light vehicle traffic.

Dealing with crime is far more complicated topic. Psychologists believe that more beautiful, clean and happy external environment can reduce crime levels. Thus, this can be something city planners should look into more deeply when planning our urban areas. But most likely, providing people sufficient amount of opportunities and guidance in their lives would be the most effective prevention measure as far as I believe.

To summarize, there are many adversities that can reduce the urban life quality such as environmental pollution and crime; however, there are also opportunities and tools to reduce these affects. Mainly, planning our cities more wisely by taking care of negative environmental and socio-economic effects to peoples' well-being, is necessary and doable.

[ Written by - Nele ]

Model Answer 2:
It is believed that the quality of life in big cities is declining and people who live in big cities always complaint about numerous issues they face. The following essay will discuss about some major reasons behind the issue, and some steps that people and government could do to resolve the problem.  

For a number of reasons, many people believe that the quality of life in cosmopolitan cities such as in New Delhi, London, Beijing, New York,  and Jakarta is degrading. Firstly, it is obvious that large cities have problems with traffic. As the population in big cities is growing rapidly each year, it means that the number of cars that commutes on streets is also increasing. The growing number of cars on streets and highways will definitely cause traffic congestion and impact on the air quality as well. Secondly, it is a fact that in many big cities such as in New York or Manila, the crime rate is considerably higher. Consequently, the local people do not feel safe when they walk in the park or in the subway station, as they could be robbed or injured any time. Increasing living expenses, housing issues, and ever-increasing competition in work places are some other reasons for the degraded lifestyle in such big cities. Rapid growth of new Super malls, factories  and  offices in residential areas are also the reasons many people feel that the quality of life in big cities is decreasing.     

There are some solutions that governments and communities could consider to address the problem. One of them is that governments should provide decent and comfortable public transportation. By having a good public transportation system, it is hoped that people will choose to use public buses or trains rather than driving their own cars. As a result, it will reduce the traffic congestion and air pollution. Another solution is that government should add more policemen and install more surveillance videos in areas with high crime activities. By having more policemen and video recorders, criminals will think twice before they do any crime acts. Lastly, as existing big cities are overcrowded, governments should develop new residential and commercial areas. By having these new areas, it is hoped that some of the city people will move to new areas and reduce the density issue. Decentralization of cities could be another effective solution to decrease the ever-increasing population in the cities. Finally commercial areas should be kept far away from the residential areas and unplanned commercialisation in such areas should be prohibited.  

In conclusion, it is a fact that the quality of life in large cities is decreasing nowadays and it is mainly due to density, traffic, uncontrolled commercialisation and crime problems. However, there are some recommendations that governments could consider and apply. They should build better public transportation system, add more security personnel and develop new areas. By doing these recommendations, it is hoped that the quality of life in big cities will get better. 

[ Written by - Darwin Sugiharto ]

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