IELTS Cue Card Sample 80 - Describe a nation (not your own) that you know well

IELTS Speaking Part 2: IELTS Cue Card/ Candidate Task Card.

Describe a nation (not your own) that you know well.

You should say:

  • Which nation is it?
  • What and how did you learn about it?
  • Why are you interested in it?

and explain what you like most about it.

Model Answer:
I would like to talk about the Japanese nation that has a rich culture and unique traditions. Japan is an East Asian country and Japanese is their primary and main language. Their language is written with a combination of three scripts which were originated mostly from Chinese characters.

The Japanese adhere to no single religion and they have a complex religion system which is a combination of Shinto and Japanese Buddhism.
They enjoy religious freedom and religion like Christianity, Islam and Hinduism also exist there. They have around 127 million and the total size of the country is around 377,944 km².

Their main foods are Japanese rice, noodles, soups, fishes, vegetables, tofu etc. Japanese culture has evolved greatly compared to the past and their cultures are influences from North America, Asia and Europe. Elementary and middle school education from 6 years till 15 are compulsory in Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan and has the higher number of population than any other city. Japan has the longest overall life expectancy in the world. Japanese are very advanced in scientific research and the third largest country in the world in regards to their budget for research and development. They are the 2nd largest automobiles producer in the world and exports electronics, machine tools, motor vehicles, steel, processed foods and textiles.

In World War ii, they fought in favour of Germany and 2 cities of Japan were attached by atom bombs. The have one of the largest military budgets in the world and they maintain a close military and economic relationship with the United States.

Japan has the constitutional monarchy where the power of the Emperor is limited and the Prime Minister of Japan is the head of government and head of Cabinet who appoints the ministers of the states. They have a reach history and diversity of culture and distinctive tradition and customs.


Tips on this Cue Card Topic:

To talk about this cue card topic, you should first determine the nation you would be describing. After you make up your mind about a particular nation, try giving the following details about it:

  • The name of the nation.
  • The country they live in.
  • If this is a nation from past, specifically mention it.
  • Give some details about the famous and distinctive achievement and characteristics of this nation.


Now mention that you have learned about this nation from history books, magazines, TV programs, News channels, the Internet and from your teachers. You can mention 2/3 of the previously sources of you like.

Your interests for this nation should be focused on this nation’s greatest achievements and advancements. Do some Googling if required to learn about a nation. Mention the unique characteristics of this nation, their culture, education and political system and mention why you specifically think that this is an interesting and noteworthy nation.

You can talk about a nation from the present era or alternatively you can choose a nation from the past. In either case, the examiner would be interested listening to the prominent achievements and unique things about this nation and the reasons why you are interested about this nation.  

Each nation has some exclusive marks in the history and even the nations of the present epoch are different from each other in many perspectives (be it a cultural or a scientific advancement). So for the final question ‘and explain what you like most about it’ you should be able to define and mention the most important thing about the nation you pick to talk about.

This cue card prohibits you to talk about your own nation and that’s why you should NOT talk about your own nation in any way.

Your ability to talk about this cue card topic would also make you comfortable to talk about the following topics:

1. Describe a country you have visited.
2. Describe a nation from the past era.
3. Describe a unique feature of a nation.
4. Describe a cultural program you know about.

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