IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 1116 - A country should try to produce all the food

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people suggest that a country should try to produce all the food for its population and import as little food as possible.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer:
It has been a major concern for nations to ensure adequate food for its entire people throughout the centuries. Some people believe that government should focus on producing all kinds of foods while importing as less as possible to ensure buying capabilities of all citizens. I firmly believe that producing many kinds of foods is an inevitable effort in terms of ensuring nation’s food security.

Firstly, it is a common truth that the more a country relies on imported foods, the more food crisis they will face. Food import includes transportation costs, taxation and other charges that eventually increase the food price. To tackle this problem, a government should allocate more budgets to improve national production by maximising the collaboration of university and research laboratory. Consequently, this idea can create more talented individuals who would be involved in domestic food production. Furthermore, by massively producing foods, a country can be able to get more national income due to the effectiveness of outcome. Because countries must not spend more money for importing food and thus they can save more budget and allocate it to other important sectors.

Secondly, by focusing on farming, irrigation and planting, a government can decrease unemployment issue. It is obviously true that farming and food productions sectors will be able to hire many people. For example, in Indonesia regarding to Indonesia’s job statistic, farming has the highest numbers of workers compared to other working sectors. It has already absorbed more than 50 percent of Indonesian population.

Finally, imported foods do not have the same food quality that locally produced fresh foods have. If foods are imported from a long distance, the food value is degraded and in some cases, toxic chemicals are used in such cases. Thus the local production of foods would ensure better food quality and sound health of citizens.   

In conclusion, preventing the food crisis, ensuring better food quality and decreasing unemployment issues could be made possible if a country becomes self-sufficient on their food production. Massively producing all kind of foods is a great effort which government could decide and take advantages of. It also can improve workers skill and technology in terms of agricultural aspect of a country.

[Written by - Leonardo Da Vinci Massolo ]

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+2 # Basil Pallath 2016-06-16 18:30
Adequacy in food production and food importing are two concerning issues for any country, both for the developing and developed countries. The amount of food a country can produce and the amount of food it has to import from other countries have a direct relationship of its food supply, price and economic development.

On the one hand, self-production of food paves the way to control the commodity price effectively. To be more clear, by the indigenous production of cereals and pulses a country can save a significant amount of food material handling costs. It facilitates to control the eatable goods' price locally. Moreover, the public gets products at a reasonable price by the eviction of import duties and levies. Recent 'Farmer Journal' survey pointed that the importing food products cost 40 percent extra of its actual charge on account of other expenses. Finally, locally produced foods have better quality in terms of freshness and food value than the imported foods as imported foods have to travel a long distance before reaching the consumers. Foreign merchants often use preservatives and other chemicals to increase durability and shelf-life of food. Food safety authority's report says that the preservative contents in imported edible products are four times greater than the locally produced food. So food sufficiency of a country brings about many benefits including fair price, better quality, economic development and self-sufficiency.

On the contrary, being self-sufficient in all types of food is not possible for all countries. Each country has its unique geographical and environmental features and it might not support the production of all the food items. Moreover, sometimes the quality and demand of imported products are better than the locally produced foods. For instance, dates imported from middle eastern countries are far better than locally produced dates in our country.

By and large, by considering the economic, price control and quality benefits, it can be easily understood that each and every effort to become self-sufficient in food is required by a country.
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