Graph Writing # 96 - Consumer spending on different items in five different countries
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Table:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The table below gives information on consumer spending on different items in five different countries in 2002.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
» Write at least 150 words.
Percentage of national consumer expenditure by category - 2002
Sample Answer 1:
The table data represents the amount spent by consumers in Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Turkey in three categories in the year 2002. As is presented in the table data, People of those countries spent more on foods and tobaccos than they did for dresses, education and entertainments.
According to the given data, Turk people spent the highest percentage of foods and tobaccos amounting one-third of their total expenses on consumer products. Irish people spent more than 28% on this category while people of Italy, Spain and Sweden spent just over 15% for foods and tobaccos. For clothing and footwear, the people of these five countries spent around 5% to 9% of which Italian spent the highest percentage (9%).
Interestingly the expenditure in leisure activities and education was much less than the amount spent on food, tobacco and dresses. The highest amount spent on education and entertainment was done by Turkish people (4.35%) and the least amount spent by was in Spain (1.98%). No nation among the given five spent more than 5% in education and leisure activities according to the given data.
Sample Answer 2:
The given table represents amount spent by consumers in five different countries on different categories of items in the year 2002. As is presented in chart people of Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and finally Turkey consumed specific amount on different items respectively as mentioned different items like food and tobacco whereas clothing and footwear and finally leisure and education.
Let’s analyse the data given table in detail. As is observed, Turkey consumed excessive amount on food and tobacco which constitutes the highest percentage of 32.14%.Whereas Ireland was the second top country which consumed significant high amount on food and tobacco (28.9%) while Italy, Spain and Sweden spent higher than 15% respectively. On the other hand, all countries consumed fewer amounts on clothing and footwear. As is observed, 9% was the highest amount consumed on clothes & footwear by Italy consumers whereas Ireland, Spain, Sweden and finally Turkey expenditures were less than 5%.
Interestingly Turkey gave priority to leisure and education and spent significantly higher (4.35%) while at the same time Irish did not take interest in leisure and education and spent only 2.21%.
In conclusion, Turkey gave priority to food and tobacco whereas Italy spent a substantial amount on clothing and footwear and lastly Turkish gave priority to education and leisure and spent 4.35%.
[ Written by - Faisal Ali ]
Sample Answer 3:
The table shows the figures about the proportion of the money spent on different types of consumptions in five countries in 2002.
There is an obvious fact that Turkey was the first ranked in terms of consumed money for both leisure time and education and eating, drinking and smoking. By contrast, residents in Sweden had spent the least money for food, drinks and tobacco and wearing.
In Turkey, roughly 32 percent of the people’s budget went for food, drinks and smoking. Similarly, Ireland is in the second order, people who lived there spent nearly 29 percent for that. However, these people spent only approximately 2 percent of their money to their education and spare time.
On the other hand, Italian citizens allotted by far the highest rate of their budget (9 %) to the clothing. The Irish, Spanish and Turkish people spent nearly the same proportion of money (6%) on the clothing. Swedish people pay a little less for that.
[ Written by - Gokhan Caliskan ]
Sample Answer 4:
The provided table shows the cost percentage of the items that the consumers in five different countries, including Ireland, Italy, Spain, Sweden and Turkey, spent on in 2002.
In the table, we can see that food, drinks and tobacco held the highest percentage of consumer expenditure and the numbers are all higher than 15% whereas the percentage in the leisure/education category are all below 5% in the above countries.
In Ireland and Turkey, the percentages in food/drinks/tobacco are both around 30% and are nearly five times higher than the category of clothing and footwear. In comparison, consumers in Spain and Sweden spent only three times more of their expense in food rather than in clothing. Italy, however, is the only country that the percentages between food/drinks/tobacco and clothing/footwear are only one and a half times higher.
In observation of this table, we can also grab the information about how much people spent on leisure time activities and education. There was a surprisingly common trend in Ireland, Italy and Spain. Their expense in clothing/footwear tripled over the one in leisure/education. On the contrary of this coherent pattern, the multiples between these two categories are less than two times in Sweden and Turkey.
[ Written by - Chen Emma ]
Sample Answer 5:
The table illustrates the proportion of expenditure of citizens from five various nations in the year 2002. In general, it can be seen that every consumer in all the five countries tended to spend more money on food, drinks and tobacco than clothing and footwear, which was then followed by leisure and education.
First of all, Turkey was the country where citizens spent most of their money on food, drinks and tobacco (32.14%) than any other countries which were lower than 30%. A similar trend can be observed for the spending on leisure and education, that is consumers in Turkey allocated the majority of their money in this sector (4.35%) compared to other nations (less than 3.50%) with the minority of consumers from Spain (1.98%).
Turning to the expenditure on clothing and footwear, Italy turned out to be the country which had its citizens to spend most of their incomes to buy clothes and footwear (9.00%), which was then followed by Turkey (6.63%) and the country with the least spending on these stuff was Sweden (5.40%). Besides, Sweden was also the country which spent the least money on food, drinks and tobacco among the five countries (2.21%).
[ Written by - Lee Wing Qeen ]
Sample Answer 6:
The table shows the percentage of national consumer expenditures on different items in five separate counties in 2002. It is obvious that in all the surveyed countries, the major spending was on food, drinks and tobacco, more than that spent on clothes and leisure and education- after being added to each other.
The largest sum of money spent on "Food, Drinks and Tobacco" was in Turkey, 32.14% of the national consumption, while the least was in Sweden (15.77%). As for "Clothing and Footwear" category, Italy came first with 9%, followed by Turkey, Spain and Sweden with very close percentages, about 6%.The least was Sweden again with 5.4%. Again, Turkey topped the expenditure; 4.35% of the national consuming was on "Leisure and Education" This time Spain came last with 1.98%.
Overall, we can see that Turkey's spending on the tow of the three mentioned categories was the highest; however, Sweden had the lowest spending.
[ Written by - Abdallah Hassan ]
Sample Answer 7:
The provided table illustrates the consumer expense's proportion of three different categories in five European countries in 2002. In general, food, drinks and tobacco had the highest proportion of total expenditures, followed by garment items. And the consumers were less likely toward the educational and entertaining expenses.
In food and drink expense, Turkey and Ireland were well above than other countries, representing 32 per cent and 29 per cent respectively, whereas Italy, Spain and Sweden saw below 20 per cent. By contrast, the gap among the countries spending on clothes and footwear was narrowed. The people in most of the countries would estimate 5 to 6 percent budget on this category. Except for Italy, where has been famous in fashion for centuries, the people would like to spend as high as 9 percent on their fashion. In leisure and education expense, Turkey remained the highest proportion with 4 percent while other countries were merely between 2 to 3 percent. Spain even saw the lowest proportion to hit below 2 per cent.
To sum up, the European consumers had similar spending habits when food and drinks remained the top, garment items were the second, and education and entertainments came to the last. In more details, Turkish consumers were more willing to pay for food and entertainment than others when Italian consumers would spend the most in fashion.
[ Written by - Kwong Yan Cheung ]
Sample Answer 8:
The given table illustrates the customer expenditure on goods in five countries in the year 2002. It is clearly shown that the highest expenditure category was on Food/ Drink/ Tobacco, and Turkey had the highest amount of spending among the five countries.
With regard to the consumer spending on food category, Ireland came after Turkey with 28.91%. In contrast, Sweden had the least percentage of expenditure on food category, which was 15.77%. On the other side, Italy dominated the category of clothing and footwear with total spending of 9%, was by other countries such as Spain, Ireland and Sweden’s spending were 6.15%, 6.43% and 5.4% respectively.
Furthermore, the expenditure on leisure and education was the least among all the categories with only 1.985 in Spain and in Turkey that was 4.35%. Other countries like Sweden and Italy had very similar percentages of spending with 3.22% and 3.20% respectively.
In summary, Turkey made more expenses for the given items in 2002 while expenditures in foods/ drinks and tobacco were more than on other given items.
[ Written by - Nehal ]
Sample Answer 9:
The supplied table lists the percentages of national consumer spending in several countries in 2002. The expenditure was sorted into different categories.
In general, food/drinks/tobacco were true as the vast majority of consumer expenditure in all observed countries followed by clothing/footwear and leisure/education which came up in the second and third place respectively.
Looking at the details, Turkey, Spain, and Ireland accounted the high majority of national expenditure for meals, beverage and tobacco, 32.14%, 28.91%, and 18.80%, respectively. On the other hand, Italy and Sweden were lower than other countries, only about 16%.
Meanwhile, Turkey also came up roughly in big numbers of national expenditure for clothing/footwear and leisure /education, 6.63% and 4.35%, in sequence, although Italy amassed the highest expenditure for clothing, 9.00%. In contrast, Sweden was true as the lowest national spent on the same category, only 5.40%. Yet, due to leisure/education, Sweden reckoned as one of the high national expenditures, 3.22%, following Turkey which was the highest figure, 4.35%. However, Spain halved the figure roughly and was true as the lowest national expenditure, 1.98%.
[ Written by - Linda ]
It can be seen that certain items were more popular than others, with food/beverages being the most spent category, whereas education was the lowest disbursed group in all five regions.
Food materials were highly sought after and money was spent in each country. Turkey stood as the leader with the highest spending in this category at 32.14% followed by Ireland with 28.91% expenditures. In contrast, Swedish citizens had the least spending among others at 15.77%. In comparison, a minute percentage of money was spent on wearables, with Italian residents being the major spenders at 9%, while tenants of Sweden allocated only 5.40% of their money for this class. Lastly, the recreation/ development category was the least spent among all, with Turkish residents paying the most (4.35%) and Spanish dwellers allocating only 1.98% of the money.
Overall, Turkish people were the highest spenders in the food and education categories. At the same time, Italy dedicated the largest proportion to the clothing section.
Overall, food, drinks and tobacco became the majority of the spending of their income in all five countries, while much less was spent on leisure and education.
Going further into details, Turkey’s expenditure on food, drinks, and tobacco, which accounted for more than a third, was two times higher than Sweden's (15.77%) in 2002. The second highest expenditure was by Ireland with approximately 29%.
Meanwhile, spending on clothing and footwear made up around 6% of total spending from income in all countries, except Italy, which had exactly 9% of that in 2002. The percentages of leisure and education expenditure in Turkey, Sweden, and Italy, which was the lowest expenditure among the two categories before, were 4.35%, 3.22%, and 3.20%, respectively, and the two lowest percentages were Ireland and Spain, accounting for around 2%.
Among the five countries, Irish and Turkish people recorded the highest percentages of expenditure on food, drinks, and tobacco - at 28.91% and 32.14% respectively. The proportion of expenditure of Turkish people was also the highest in leisure and education, which was 4.35%. For the clothing and footwear, Italians spent a significant percentage, 9%.
However, it can be seen that Sweden had the lowest proportion of expenditure for food, drinks and tobacco, as well as for clothing and footwear, at just under 16% for the former and 5.40% for the latter. Meanwhile, the percentage of expenditure on leisure and education of Spanish consumers was just around 2%.
Generally speaking, food, drink and tobacco accounted for the highest proportions in all five countries while the smallest ratios went to leisure and education activities.
In detail, the amount spent on food, drink and tobacco represented no less than 16%. Turkish people allocated about 32% on food, drink and tobacco while this figure in Ireland was also approximately 30%. Moving on to clothing and footwear, except for Italy (just under 10%), it cost people in the remaining countries around five or six per cent of their total spending.
As for recreational and educational purposes, Turks spent just over 4% while those in Spain and Sweden disbursed slightly over 3%. The smallest figure in this category can be seen in Spain, less than 2%, which was approximately one-tenth compared with spending on food, drink and tobacco of Spanish citizens.
Overall, it can be seen that citizens in these countries spent the majority of their earning on food, while the least amount for leisure and education. Out of five countries, Turkish citizens spent the highest percentages of consumer spending except for clothing and footwear, where Italy ranked first.
In details, people in Turkey spent almost one-third of their earning on food, drinks and tobacco (32.14%), which was more or less twice than that of Italy (16.36%). The second-highest spender on this category was Ireland with a figure of 28.91%, which was around 10% and 13% more than that of Spain and Sweden, respectively. As for the clothing category, the citizens of Italy's expense were higher than the rest, at 9.00%, whereas 5.40% of Swedish people's income went onto this. However, the outlays of the remaining countries in this category were between 6.4 to 6.6%.
Regarding spending on Leisure and education, Turkey spent twice as much as Ireland, with 4.35% and 2.21%, respectively. Sweden and Italy spending constituted around 3% of their earnings. Spaniards ranked at the bottom of this list with 1.98% spending.
Overall, all countries spent most on food, drinks and tobacco while the lowest expenditures were in leisure activities & education.
In terms of expenditure on food, drinks and tobacco, Turkey spent almost one-third of their total consumer expenses and that was higher than that of other countries in this category. The expenditure of Ireland in this category was second highest with 28.91%. Swedish, Italian and Spanish spendings were 15.77%, 16.36% and 18.80% respectively in this category. Again, Italians spent more than the other four nationalities on clothing and footwear which was 9%. The lowest expenditure in this category was made by Swedish citizens, which was roughly 5%. Turkish people’s expense for leisure and education was 4.35% of total expenditure and this was also higher than any other given country. Citizens of Sweden spent 3.22% in this category which stood in the second-highest spot.
Overall, deliberation upon the percentage of money which people around the worlds spent on different items can indicate many aspects and a lot of features of they and their lifestyles.
The table illustrates that public in 2002 spent the lowest magnitude of their money on leisure and also for education. On the other hand, the highest proportion of their incomes was consumed for food, drink and tobacco, although the proportion of tobacco expenditure was not differently indicated. Turkish spent more on food/drinks/tobacco than the citizens in other countries. By contrast, Swedish had spent the least money for eating, drinking and smoking. As one can obviously understand the costumes held the more percentage of consumers’ expenditures than education and leisure (almost 3 times more) did. This may be due to free educations and governmental discounts for educations and leisure in these countries. However, this can arise from less attention of people (in these studied countries) to educations. And, clearance of this subject needs more systematical studies.