## Graph Writing # 104 - Ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy In 2000 and projections for 2050

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### IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Chart:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

### The charts below give information on the ages of the populations of Yemen and Italy in 2000 and projections for 2050.

**Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.**

Write at least 150 words.

**Sample Answer 1:**

The pie charts show data on the ages of the population in Yemen and Italy in the year 2000, and also forecast these portions of the population for the year 2050.

In general, the elderly population in Italy will be much higher in proportion than that of Yemen.

According to the given data, more than half of the population of Yemen was below 14 years old in the year 2000. In this same year, their population from 15 to 59 years old was just over 46% and only about 3% of their population was over 60 years old. This year there was one-fourth population in Italy was over 60 years old and more than 60% of their population was from 15 to 59 years old. The percentage of aged people in Italy was much higher than in Yemen in 2000. Finally, the percentage of the population up to 14 years in Italy was less than 15% this year.

The pie charts also give the projection of the percentage of population based on age group for the year 2050 and according to this projection, the percentage of younger people in Yemen would decrease while the number of ag d people over 60 years would increase only by 2%. On the contrary, the aged people in Italy in 2050 would be more than 40% while they would have fewer young people in comparison.

**Sample Answer 2:**

The pie charts illustrate the proportion of populations in Yemen and Italy according to 3 different age groups in 2000, with the future forecast for 2050. It can be seen that in both countries the general trend is for a predicted increase in the population of people aged 60+ and a decrease in those aged 0-14 by 2050.

Looking at Yemen in 2000, around half of the population was aged 0-14 but this is predicted to decline by 13% by 2050. On the contrary, the 60+ age group will increase by 2% by 2050 to a figure of 5.7%. Likewise, those aged 15-59 years is forecast to increase from 46.3% to 57.3%.

Turning now to Italy in 2000, there is a similar rise predicted for 60 plus age group; from around 24% in 2000 to 42.3% by 2050. The -0-14 age-groups, like in Yemen, is predicted to decrease by around 3% by 2050 to a figure of 11.5%. Those aged 15-59 years is forecast to plummet by about 15% to a figure of 46.2%.

To conclude, in Yemen and Italy we would expect to observe an increase in elderly in 60+ by 2050. By contrast, it is predicted that the 0-14 age group would plummet by 2050.

[ by - Fiona Lai ]

**Model Answer 3:**

The given charts show the changes which are predicted to take place on the ages of populations of Yemen and Italy by 2015, as compared to the 2000 level. The most striking image can be noticed for 15-59 year olds. While in Yemen the figures are expected to steadily rise in the future, growing from 46.3% to 57.3%, Italy represents almost the reverse trend. Here, the values fall by around 5%, from 61.6% to 46.2%

The only category registering increasing values is 60 plus age group. In Yemen, only a small rise of about 2% can be observed. In comparison, Italy doubles its number of old people, from 24.1% to a peak of 42.3%.

The last age group, of under 14 years old , is the only one forecasted to decline in both countries: from 50.1% to 37% in Yemen and from 14.3% to 11.5% in Italy. Overall, in all 4 diagrams, the 15-59 year olds registers the highest figures, of around 50%, while under 14 year olds situates all the time under the 15% threshold.

[ by - Dan Leonte ]

**Sample Answer 4:**

The charts illustrate the proportion of people of different ages in 2000 in two countries: Yemen and Italy and also forecast the data for the year 2050.

According to the charts, the main age of the population in Yemen will change from people below 15 years old to those between 15 and 59 years old. However, people who were 65 years old and more comprised the least portion of the population in Yemen in 2000 and in 2050 this same trend will persist.

The trend in Italy is slightly different. Although people who were between 15 and 59 years old were the biggest population in Italy, the number will decrease sharply from 2000 to 2050. 61.6% of people were in the range of 15 and 59 years old, but it is predicted that in 2050, people in this certain range of age will only take 46.2%. On the other hand, the number of people at 60 years old and more will increase significantly. The proportion of people at 60 years old and above in 2050 is almost as twice as in 2000.

In summary, the trends of the change on the ages of people in Yemen and Italy in 2000 and projections for 2050 are different.

[ by - Veta ]

**Model Answer 5:**

The supplied pie charts depict populations of different ages in Yemen and Italy in 2000 and give predictions for 2050 based on people’s age. In general, both countries, Yemen and Italy, are forecasted to have adolescent and adult as the vast majority of populations in 2050.

Looking at the details, in Yemen in 2000, children and teens accounted the biggest proportion of citizen, 50.1%. In contrast, senior population was the lowest proportion of population, only 3.6%. Meanwhile, young adults and adults amassed 46.3% of total population. However, it is predicted that in 2050, the number of adult population will dominate significantly the proportion of people abiding in Yemen, 57.3% and approximately 10% higher than in 2000. Vice versa, percentage of people aged 0-14 years will be decreased to 37%, about 13% lower than in 2000. Seniors will be remained as the tiniest fraction among all age categories, only 5.7% in 2002.

Meanwhile, In Italy, adult reckoned the highest 61.6% of the total citizen in 2000, followed by the elderly people's percentage which came in the second place, 24.1% and toddlers and children counted only 14.3%. In 2050, it is forecasted that adult population will still be the highest proportion, 46.2% and the number of seniors will be about 42.3%, almost twice higher than in 2000. On the other hand, children’s percentage will be declined to only 11.5%.

[ by - Linda ]

Overall, most of the population in these two countries were between 15 to 59 years old and Italy will have a significantly higher percentage of senior citizens in 2050.

Looking at the details, the proportion of the younger people in Yemen in 2000 was just over half of the total population, which is estimated to decrease by 13.1% in 2050. On the other hand, the proportion of adults and elderly people in Yemen were 46.3% and 3.6% respectively in 2000, and it is predicted that it will rise by 11% and 2.1% by 2050.

On the other hand, in Italy, the ratio of senior people was slightly less than a quarter in 2000. Marginally over 14% were children and the remaining 61% were between 15 to 59 years old. It is estimated that almost one in every ten Italian will be a child while almost half of the population would be senior citizens in 2050.

Overall, Yemen has a great proportion of children in their population while the ratio of senior citizens in Italy will increase significantly in the future.

The first chart shows that Yemen had a fewer number of people ages above 60 years in 2000 and also the estimation for the year 2050 too. In contrast to that Italy had more people aged above 60 years which was 24.1% in 2000 and is estimated to increase to 42.3% in 2050. Yemen’s population was divided into 50.1% age 0 to 14 years which is estimated to decrease to 37% in 2050. On the other hand, people aged between 15 to 59 years was 46.3% and people aged above 60 was 3.6% in 2000 which will both increase to reach respectively 57.3% and 5.7% in 2050. Italian people who are above 60 years old will increase from 24.1% in 2000 to 42.3% in 2050. But children between 0 and 14 years were 14.3 % in 2000 and people between 15 and 59 years were 61.6% which will decrease to reach respectively 11.5% and 46.2% in 2050.

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