Graph Writing # 23 - Amount of money spent on fast foods in Britain
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph + Line Graph:
» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.
Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.
» You should write at least 150 words.
Expenditure (Pence per person) on Fast Food, by Income Groups, UK 1990
Consumption of fast food per person in gram in Britain.
Sample Answer 1:
The bar chart compares weekly expenditure of the British on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990. Overall, expenditure on fast food varied based on people’s income and the pizza was the most consumed item in 70’s but in later years, consumption of fish & chips increased remarkably.
According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on the hamburger (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on fast food. Average income class people also spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class British citizens spent comparatively less on fast food items and fish& chips cost them most (about 17 pence). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (around 7 pence/person).
On the other hand, the line graph shows the consumption of these items by the British from 1970 to 1990. Initially, pizza consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm/ person) in 1970. In this year, less than 80 gm of hamburger and fish & chips were consumed by an average person. Over the time, pizza consumption declined and fish & chips became the most consumed item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.
Model Answer 2:
The column graph shows how much money the British citizens spent on three fast food items based on their economic status in 1990 while the line graph reveals the consumption of these items during 1970 and 1990. Overall, rich British spent more on junk food than low-income class in 1990 and fish & chips became the most consumed junk food over the period.
It is interesting to note that, wealthy British spent more on hamburgers while less on fish & chips. They drained around 45 pence per person in a week for hamburgers while roughly 15-20 pence on other two items. Moderate income class prefered hamburger but spend approximately 33 pence on that. They spent the least on the pizza which amounted for nearly 12 pence. Low-income class, on the contrary, spent less on fast foods and they spent between 7 to 14 pence for each item, despite fish and chips being their most favourite.
According to the line graph, British citizens consumed pizza more than other two items. In 1970, consumption of pizza was 300 gm per person while it was less than 100 gm for other two items. Over the time, fish & chips became the most consumed fast food with 500 gm consumption. During this time, pizza became less popular while hamburger gained some popularity.
Sample Answer 3:
The graphs present data on the money spent by British on fast food in 1990 and the consumption of three junk food items over 30 years. The expenditure is given for each person in a week in Pence while the consumption is presented in gram per person.
As is presented in the bar graph, in 1990, British people with high-income range spent more than 40 Pence in a week on Hamburger which was higher than that of other items. They spent only 16 pence/person on Fish & Chips while around 18 pence on Pizza. Again, Hamburger was the most popular item among the medium income class. They spent over 30 pence on this item while they spent only 25 Pence on Fish & Pizza and 11 Pence/person on Pizza. Finally, among the low-income group, the fish & chips was the most popular fast food item as they spend the highest money on this (17 Pence per week by an individual). Their expenditure on the pizza was only 6 Pence.
According to the line graph, people ate pizza than any other fast food in 1970. UK citizens, in this year, devoured more than 300 grams of pizza while the consumed only 100 grams of hamburger and fish & chips. The percentage of pizza consumption started declining and reached to only 200 grams on 1990. On the contrary, the popularity of the fish and chips reached to 500 grams in 1990. Finally, the consumption of hamburger also increased and reached to around 300 grams in 1990.
Overall, we can observe that British citizens spent a higher amount of money on the hamburger(s) and fish and chip(s) whereas the demand for pizza had declined steadily over 20 years’ time period despite being the most popular among the three fast-food items from 1970 to 1980.
Now, turning over to the details, a person from any income category liked to consume hamburger(s) in 1990. A person from the higher-income group spent 45 pence per person per week this year, which was the highest for any fast food item. They spent less than half of that amount on other fast foods. A similar trend could be observed by the average income group persons when it comes to their fast food preference in that year, but they spent more on fish and chips than the rich people. However, the lower-income group preferred to spend more on fish and chip(s) which is approximately 12 pence by a person and spent the lowest on pizza which was 5 pence per person.
From the next line graph, it is conspicuous that consumption of fish and chip(s) and hamburgers made progressive growth from 1970 to 1980 (which was ranging from 50 grams to 150 grams) but increased dramatically from 1980 to 1990 (up to 500 and 300 grams respectively). On the contrary, we can see that pizza eaters have declined slightly from 1970 to 1980 but then stabilized from 1980 to 1990. Pizza consumption descended from 300 grams (which was the highest consumed fast food in 1970) to 200 grams in 1990.