Graph Writing # 23 - Amount of money spent on fast foods in Britain

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing: Column Graph + Line Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

» You should write at least 150 words.

Expenditure (Pence per person per week) on fast foods, by income groups, UK 1990

Expenditure on fast foods, by income groups, UK

Consumption of fast food per person in gram (1970-1990)

ielts graph consumption on fast food in the UK


Model Answer 1:
The graph shows the average expense of rich, middle-class and low income British on three fast food items, namely - hamburgers, fish & chips and pizza, in 1990 as well as the consumption of these three fast foods between 1970 and 1990. 

Overall, affluent British consumed considerably more fast foods than middle and low-income class people, and their spending was higher as well. 

As the column graph suggests, rich British ate noticeably more fast foods than the other two income groups in 1990. Their spending was more than twice as much on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) than on fish and chips and pizza (both under 20 pence per person per week). The average income group alose preferred hamburgers, spending 33 pence, followed by fish and chips (24 pence) and pizza (11 pence). Finally, low-income earners appeared to spend less than other income groups on fast foods. Fish and chips were their favourite fast food item followed by hamburgers and pizza. They spent less than 20 pence per person each week on fish and chips and less than half of that on pizza. 

The line graph delineates that fish and chips were twice as popular (300 grammes consumption per person) as hamburgers while the pizza was the least popular (less than 50 grammes consumption). The consumption of hamburgers and pizza increased steadily from 1970 to 1990 while the intake of fish and chips declined over that same period.


Sample Answer 2:
The bar chart compares the weekly expenditures of the British on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990.

Overall, expenditures on fast foods varied depending on people’s income class. Moreover, 'fish & chips' was the most consumed item in the 70’s, but in later decades, consumption of hamburgers increased remarkably - exceeding the consumption of the other two items.

According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on hamburgers (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on pizza. Besides, the average income group spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than the other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class spent comparatively less on fast foods and fish & chips cost them the most (about 17 pence). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (around 7 pence/person).

Moreover, the line graph shows the consumption of these items by the British from 1970 to 1990. Initially, fish & chips consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm/ person) in 1970. This year, less than 80 gm of hamburgers and pizza were consumed by an average person. Over time, fish & chips consumption declined and hamburgers became the most consumed item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.

Model Answer 3:
The column graph shows how much money the British citizens spent on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph reveals the consumption of these items between 1970 and 1990.

Overall, rich British spent more on junk food than the low-income class in 1990 and hamburgers became the most consumed junk food over the period.

In details, wealthy British spent more on hamburgers while less on fish & chips. They drained around 45 pence per person in a week for hamburgers while roughly 15-20 pence on the other two items. The moderate-income class prefered hamburgers but spend approximately 33 pence on that. They spent the least to purchase pizza which amounted to nearly 12 pence. Low-income class, on the contrary, spent less on fast foods and they spent between 7 to 14 pence for each item, despite fish and chips being their favourite.

According to the line graph, British citizens consumed fish & chips more than the other two items in 1970. Their consumption of fish & chips accounted for 300 gm per person while it was less than 100 gm for the other two items. Over time, hamburgers became the most consumed fast food with 500 gm consumption in 1990.

Sample Answer 4:
The graphs present data on the amount of money spent by the British on fast food in 1990 and the consumption of three junk food items over 30 years. The expenditure is given for each person in a week in Pence while the consumption is presented in grammes per person.

Generally speaking, hamburgers gained popularity over time while fish & chips started to be consumed by less percentage of British.

As is presented in the bar graph, in 1990, British people in the high-income range spent more than 40 Pence in a week on hamburgers which was higher than that of other items. They spent only 16 pence/person on fish & chips while around 2 pence more on pizza. Again, the hamburger was the most popular item among the medium income class. They spent over 30 pence on this item while 5 Pence less on fish & chips, and just 11 Pence/person on pizza. Finally, among the low-income group, fish & chips was the most popular fast food item as they spend the highest money on this (17 Pence per week by an individual). Their expenditure on the pizza was only 6 Pence.

According to the line graph, people ate fish & chips more than any other fast food in 1970. UK citizens, this year, devoured more than 300 grams of fish & chips while they consumed less than 100 grams of hamburgers and fish & chips. The average pizza consumption started growing and reached 300 grammes in 1990.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 4.34 (60 Votes)

Amanur Rahman
The first chart compares the consumption of fast food by British people diving them into different income groups in the year 1990. And the second chart shows the trends of fast food consumption in 20 years.

Overall, we can see that the consumption of fast food increased with economic solvency. And with time, fish and chips lost its appeal whereas the popularity of hamburgers and pizza increased.

We can see that people with higher income in 1990 in the UK ate hamburgers the most, which was 37 to over 42 pence per week. On the other hand, low-income people consumed fish and chips the most, near about 20 pence weekly. The graph also shows that the consumption of pizza among British people was less than half of hamburgers.

If we look at the overall consumption period of 20 years starting from 1970, it is shown that the consumption rate of fish and chips was much higher but declined slowly for the next 16 years. Whereas, the popularity of the other two fast food items climbed gradually for the first ten years then jumped higher for the rest of the time. Still, hamburgers hold a higher position in terms of consumption.

Anindita Sarker
The bar graph shows the amount of money spent per week on fast food by people of high, average and low-income groups in Britain while the line graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods between 1970 and 1990. Three different fast food items are used for the study. The comparisons are made among fish and chips, hamburgers and pizza. The trend of expenditure on food items is different in different income groups.

According to the bar chart, people of high and average income groups spent the most on hamburgers. A person from the high-income group spent over 40 pence per week on hamburgers, while around 20 pence for fish and chips, and pizza. On the other hand, "fish and chips" is the most popular fast food item among the low-income group population. A person belonging to the low-income group spend around 23 pence, 14 pence and 8 pence on fish and chips, hamburgers and pizza respectively.

It is conspicuous from the line graph that 'fish and chips' has gradually lost its popularity while the consumption of hamburgers had risen in an exponential manner from over 20 years. The consumption of hamburgers had increased from 100 gramme to over 500 gramme. Around the year 1990, pizza consumption crossed the fish and chips consumption.

The charts compare how much a person from a certain income category spent on fast foods per week and how much a person consumed fast food, between 1970 and 1990 in Britain.

Overall, we can observe that British citizens spent a higher amount of money on the hamburger(s) and fish and chip(s) whereas the demand for pizza had declined steadily over 20 years’ time period despite being the most popular among the three fast-food items from 1970 to 1980.

Now, turning over to the details, a person from any income category liked to consume hamburger(s) in 1990. A person from the higher-income group spent 45 pence per person per week this year, which was the highest for any fast food item. They spent less than half of that amount on other fast foods. A similar trend could be observed by the average income group persons when it comes to their fast food preference in that year, but they spent more on fish and chips than the rich people. However, the lower-income group preferred to spend more on fish and chip(s) which is approximately 12 pence by a person and spent the lowest on pizza which was 5 pence per person.

From the next line graph, it is conspicuous that consumption of fish and chip(s) and hamburgers made progressive growth from 1970 to 1980 (which was ranging from 50 grams to 150 grams) but increased dramatically from 1980 to 1990 (up to 500 and 300 grams respectively). On the contrary, we can see that pizza eaters have declined slightly from 1970 to 1980 but then stabilized from 1980 to 1990. Pizza consumption descended from 300 grams (which was the highest consumed fast food in 1970) to 200 grams in 1990.

Salman Ahmad
Very good work.
The first sample is a 236 words essay. Who can write it in 20 minutes?
It should be "the British".
Alisha Rasaily
My writing is absolutely appalling. Also on the question, there's no mention of 'pence' or 'year', only on the sample question.
Alisha Rasaily
The diagrams illustrate data on fast food consumptions in Britain and the amount British spent each week based on their economic status in 1990. Overall, hamburgers were more popular among affluent Brits while fish & chips was a common fast food item for the low-income group people.As it is apparent from the graph, hamburgers were highly popular among rich British, and they spent 45 pence per person per week to purchase this item. Middle-class and low-income group British spent 33 and 14 pence respectively on this very item in a week. As for the average income group, a similar trend can be observed, although not merely the same. For them, hamburgers remained at the top with the expenditure of around 33 pence per week. In contrast, fish & chips were the most consumed ready food for the low-income group in Britain in 1990. They spent around 18 pence per person per week to have this item. It is worth noticing that, the richer the people, the higher they spent for fast food in Britain in 1990.
General information can be written in connected sentence in the introduction?
Loan Do Kim
The bar chart compares spending on fast food from week to week by British people in 1990 based on three different income categories of those people. The line graph, on the other hand, illustrates how fast-food consumption changed between 1970-1990 at five-year intervals.

Overall, it is clear that hamburger was the most popular choice of fast food by rich and middle-class consumers in 1990 while low-income people preferred fish and chips. Moreover, the popularity of fish & chips soared rapidly during 1980 and 1990.

According to the bar chart, people in the high-income group spent more money on hamburgers, with about 45 pence per person than on fish and chips and pizza. Average income people also spent the highest on hamburgers but their expenditure on fish and chips was much higher than other income groups (about 25pence per person). Finally, in the low-income group, "fish and chips" was the most consumed fast food item that cost them the most (about 17 pence per person). Pizza was most popular among rich people while least among the other two income groups.

Now looking at the information in more detail, we can see that in 1979, pizza was the most popular of these fast food items, with about 300 grammes consumption per person. The other two items (hamburger and fish and chips) were consumed in similar quantities (below 100 grams). However, during the next twenty years, the consumption of pizza fell dramatically to approximately 100 grams. In 1970, the consumption of fish and chips was just 50 grams per person, but it reached 500 grams - a staggering 10 times more, four decades later.

The column chart compares the amount of money British spent on three fast food items according to their income in 1990, while the line graph shows fast food consumption in grammes for two decades, to be exact between 1970-1990. A glance at the illustration reveals that rich British preferred Hamburger while the fish and chips became the most consumed fast food item in 1990's. As is presented in the bar graph, affluent population in Britain spent the highest amount for hamburgers which accounted for over 40 pence a person on an average in 1990. Average income people, on the other hand, spent more than 30 pence per person on that item while it was less than 15 pence for the low-income class British. Per pence expenditure of middle-income class in this year was higher than that of rich and poor British. On an average, less earning people spent less amount on fast food items in 1990. Finally, spending on pizzas in this year was fewer than that of other two items. According to the line graph, fish & chips and pizza was less preferred by British in 1970's and 1980's but after that their consumption skyrocketed. In 1990, 500 gm fish and chips were consumed in Britain against the 300 and 200 gm consumption of hamburgers and pizzas.
Waodo Eti
Good, I can understand your writing, and your writing is the only one I can understand!
You have forgotten to mention 'LINE GRAPH' in your writing...
Here no information about pence is given. Then why this word is continuously used.
Anzal Tehreem
The bar graph compares spending on British citizens on fast food while the line graph presents average consumption of three fast food items. Expenditure by high-income class people was more than twice on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) than on fish and chips. For the latter two fast food items, their average expenses were less than 20 pence. Hamburgers remained the most favoured fast food item among average income earners who spent 33 pence per person per week followed by fish and chips (25 pence) and pizza (12 pence). Low-income earners spent the least on fast food, and fish and chips remained the most popular among them followed by hamburgers and then pizza. The given line graph shows the consumption of these three fast food items from 1970 to 1990. Fish and chips in 1970 were the most consumed item, 300 gm and that gradually decreased over the years till 1985 where it reached its lowest point, 200 gm consumption. After that, it tailed off after 1990. Pizza consumption was the lowest in 1970 but over the years, it still couldn't cross fish and chip's sale in 1990. Hamburger consumption in 1970 was slightly below 100 gm and took a dramatic leap starting from 1975 till 1990 leaving behind the other two fast food item. In 1990 the consumption of hamburger reached to over 500 gm which was highest among the consumption of given fast food items.
The graphs illustrate the weekly expenditure of British people on three types of fast food items. The food items are hamburger, fish & chips, and pizza and the expenditure is given per person in pence, according to different income levels in 1990. Overall, the trends of weekly consumption per person of hamburger and fish & chips increased during two decades with a gradual decrease in pizza intake. In 1990, rich people spent more money on hamburger per week. On the contrary, for less income group, fish & chips represented the highest amount of expenditure. In 1990, rich and middle classes spent more money on hamburger which was around 43 and 33 pence respectively. In terms of fish & chips, it was highly demanded by average income group, exactly 25 pence, and low-income group approximately 16 pence per person. From 1970 to 1990 there was an upward trend in hamburger and fish and chips consumption which was around (500 and 290) grams in the same order. On the contrary, there was a downward trend in pizza intake resulted in low weekly expenditure per person in all income levels.
Waode Eti
The graphs reveal information on the individuals’ proportion for spending money on fast foods in the UK and the data of consumption of fast food for 20 years, commencing from 1970.According to the first figure, people’s income ranges are categorized into three groups which are high, average and low income. Moreover, fast food consisted are hamburgers, fish and chips and pizza. It can be seen that person who had higher income chose hamburgers as their preference and paid 40 pence per week while about 30 and 15 pence were the average costs that ordinary and low-income people took out from their pocket respectively.Furthermore, the second graph illustrates the trend of consuming fast foods for 20 years. In 1970, hamburgers’ consumption was approximately 100 grammes then and it increased four times to about 500 grammes in 1990. Pizza also got popularity in 20 years. However, the only food item that fell gradually in terms of its consumption was fish and chips.In summary, hamburgers were the favourable fast foods which were consumed not only by higher income class but also by people with average income. In addition, from 1970 to 1990, fast foods consumption tended to give positive trend for hamburgers and pizza.
IELTS Mentor
Dear Khurram, you are correct and that was a mistake that we have corrected. Thanks a lot.
Amrit Bayh
In the line graph fast food consumption is given in GM, but in answer report, you write in tones. Could you explain me this? If it is wrong, then you should correct it.
The provided graphs show the amount of money spent and consumption trends per week for fast foods in Britain from 1970 to 1990.The provided bar chart divided salary of people into 3 sections namely high, average and low income for consumption hamburger, fish& chips and pizza. According to illustration, hamburger is eaten more than 40%, 30% and 15% for high, average and low-income classes respectively. This meal was eaten less than 50 Pence per Person in 1970 and gradually these amounts were swelled up monotonously and passed from 100 lines until 1985 but it rose up close to 300 in 1990. In other kinds of food, fish& chips have the lowest attraction among the high-income class with 17% but people who had low income is more than other enthusiastic to it and for the last group, this achieve 25%. This food was a better condition in 1970 for the hamburger with 90 pence per person and its value increased slowly until 1980 but it rocketed from 150 in 1980 reached to 500 in 1990. In the last meal type, pizza has 18%, 12% and 7% for high, average and low-income people respectively. The trends show this meal was very popular in 1970 and that declined steadily and reached to 200 in 1990. In summary, the hamburger was most consumed meal among people who have high and average income but low-income class people were very enthusiastic to eat fish& chips more than other food items. The given illustration shows that ‘fish& chips’ was bestselling food in 1990.
IELTS Mentor
Dear Latifah, line graph and line chart are both correct. For clarification visit the Wikipedia page @
Is it correct to use the term (line chart)?
IELTS Mentor
There is a minimum word limit for the task 1 which is 150 words. There is no maximum word limit for this task. However, it is recommended that you should write less than 200 words.
Meenu Vaid
I think for task 1, we have 150-180 word limit and it crosses the word limit...
Very good.
Salam, in Bar Graph it is written 'Pence per person ' and in the line graph, it is written fast food in grammes. While in explanation, you are reporting thousands and tonnes. In dictionary pence means penny. Kindly correct me if I am wrong.