Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 23 - Amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph + Line Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The chart below shows the amount of money per week spent on fast foods in Britain. The graph shows the trends in consumption of fast foods.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information shown below.

» You should write at least 150 words.
 

Expenditure (Pence per person) on Fast Food, by Income Groups, UK 1990

Money spent on fast food per week in Britain

Consumption of fast food per person in gram in Britain.

Consumption of fast food in Britain per person (in gram).

Sample Answer 1:
The bar chart compares weekly expenditure of British on three fast food items in 1990 while the line graph shows the consumption of these items from 1970 to 1990. Overall, expenditure on fast food varied based on people’s income and the pizza was the most consumed item in 70’s but in later years, consumption of fish & chips increased remarkably.

According to the bar graph, high-income class people spent more money on the hamburger (more than 40 Pence/person) than on fish & chips and pizza. Their spending was also higher than average and low-income class people on fast food. Average income class people also spent more on hamburgers but their spending on fish and chips (25 pence) was more than other two income groups. Finally, the low-income class British spent comparatively less on fast food items and fish& chips cost them most (about 17 pence). They spent the least amount on purchasing pizza (around 7 pence/person).  

On the other hand, the line graph shows the consumption of these items by British from 1970 to 1990. Initially, Pizza consumption in Britain was highest (300 gm/ person) in 1970. In this year, less than 80 gm of hamburger and fish & chips were consumed by an average person. Over the time, pizza consumption declined and Fish & Chips became the most consumed item in 1990 with 500 gm consumption per person.

Model Answer 2:
The column graph shows how much money British citizens spent on three fast food items based on their economic status in 1990 while the line graph reveals the consumption of these items during 1970 and 1990. Overall, rich British spent more on junk food than low-income class in 1990 and fish & chips became the most consumed junk food over the period.

It is interesting to note that, wealthy British spent more on hamburgers while less on fish & chips. They drained around 45 pence per person in a week for hamburgers while roughly 15-20 pence on other two items. Moderate income class prefered hamburger but spend approximately 33 pence on that. They spent the least on the pizza which amounted for nearly 12 pence. Low-income class, on the contrary, spent less on fast foods and they spent between 7 to 14 pence for each item, despite fish and chips being their most favourite.

According to the line graph, British citizens consumed pizza more than other two items. In 1970, consumption of pizza was 300 gm per person while it was less than 100 gm for other two items. Over the time, fish & chips became the most consumed fast food with 500 gm consumption. During this time, pizza became less popular while hamburger gained some popularity. 

Sample Answer 3:
The graphs present data on the money spent by British on fast food in 1990 and the consumption of three junk food items over 30 years. The expenditure is given for each person in a week in Pence while the consumption is presented in gram per person.

As is presented in the bar graph, in 1990, British people with high-income range spent more than 40 Pence in a week on Hamburger which was higher than that of other items. They spent only 16 pence/person on Fish & Chips while around 18 pence on Pizza. Again, Hamburger was the most popular item among the medium income class. They spent over 30 pence on this item while they spent only 25 Pence on Fish & Pizza and 11 Pence/person on Pizza. Finally, among the low-income group, the fish & chips was the most popular fast food item as they spend the highest money on this (17 Pence per week by an individual). Their expenditure on the pizza was only 6 Pence.

According to the line graph, people ate pizza than any other fast food in 1970. UK citizens, in this year, devoured more than 300 grams of pizza while the consumed only 100 grams of hamburger and fish & chips. The percentage of pizza consumption started declining and reached to only 200 grams on 1990. On the contrary, the popularity of the fish and chips reached to 500 grams in 1990. Finally, the consumption of hamburger also increased and reached to around 300 grams in 1990.

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+3 # Nigar 2017-02-12 10:02
The column chart compares the amount of money British spent on three fast food items according to their income in 1990, while the line graph shows fast food consumption in grammes for two decades, to be exact between 1970-1990. A glance at the illustration reveals that rich British preferred Hamburger while the fish and chips became the most consumed fast food item in 1990's.

As is presented in the bar graph, affluent population in Britain spent the highest amount for hamburgers which accounted for over 40 pence a person on an average in 1990. Average income people, on the other hand, spent more than 30 pence per person on that item while it was less than 15 pence for the low-income class British. Per pence expenditure of middle-income class in this year was higher than that of rich and poor British. On an average, less earning people spent less amount on fast food items in 1990. Finally, spending on pizzas in this year was fewer than that of other two items.

According to the line graph, fish & chips and pizza was less preferred by British in 1970's and 1980's but after that their consumption skyrocketed. In 1990, 500 gm fish and chips were consumed in Britain against the 300 and 200 gm consumption of hamburgers and pizzas.
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+3 # Dhruv 2016-10-08 04:27
Here no information about pence is given. Then why this word is continuously used.
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+5 # Anzal Tehreem 2016-04-07 03:39
The bar graph compares spending on British citizens on fast food while the line graph presents average consumption of three fast food items. Expenditure by high-income class people was more than twice on hamburgers (43 pence per person per week) than on fish and chips. For the latter two fast food items, their average expenses were less than 20 pence. Hamburgers remained the most favoured fast food item among average income earners who spent 33 pence per person per week followed by fish and chips (25 pence) and pizza (12 pence). Low-income earners spent the least on fast food, and fish and chips remained the most popular among them followed by hamburgers and then pizza.

The given line graph shows the consumption of these three fast food items from 1970 to 1990. Fish and chips in 1970 were the most consumed item, 300 gm and that gradually decreased over the years till 1985 where it reached its lowest point, 200 gm consumption. After that, it tailed off after 1990. Pizza consumption was the lowest in 1970 but over the years, it still couldn't cross fish and chip's sale in 1990. Hamburger consumption in 1970 was slightly below 100 gm and took a dramatic leap starting from 1975 till 1990 leaving behind the other two fast food item. In 1990 the consumption of hamburger reached to over 500 gm which was highest among the consumption of given fast food items.
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+2 # Philomina 2016-03-29 10:04
The graphs illustrate the weekly expenditure of British people on three types of fast food items. The food items are hamburger, fish & chips, and pizza and the expenditure is given per person in pence, according to different income levels in 1990. Overall, the trends of weekly consumption per person of hamburger and fish & chips increased during two decades with a gradual decrease in pizza intake.

In 1990, rich people spent more money on hamburger per week. On the contrary, for less income group, fish & chips represented the highest amount of expenditure. In 1990, rich and middle classes spent more money on hamburger which was around 43 and 33 pence respectively. In terms of fish & chips, it was highly demanded by average income group, exactly 25 pence, and low-income group approximately 16 pence per person. From 1970 to 1990 there was an upward trend in hamburger and fish and chips consumption which was around (500 and 290) grams in the same order. On the contrary, there was a downward trend in pizza intake resulted in low weekly expenditure per person in all income levels.
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+8 # Waode Eti 2015-11-17 11:58
The graphs reveal information on the individuals’ proportion for spending money on fast foods in the UK and the data of consumption of fast food for 20 years, commencing from 1970.

According to the first figure, people’s income ranges are categorized into three groups which are high, average and low income. Moreover, fast food consisted are hamburgers, fish and chips and pizza. It can be seen that person who had higher income chose hamburgers as their preference and paid 40 pence per week while about 30 and 15 pence were the average costs that ordinary and low-income people took out from their pocket respectively.

Furthermore, the second graph illustrates the trend of consuming fast foods for 20 years. In 1970, hamburgers’ consumption was approximately 100 grammes then and it increased four times to about 500 grammes in 1990. Pizza also got popularity in 20 years. However, the only food item that fell gradually in terms of its consumption was fish and chips.

In summary, hamburgers were the favourable fast foods which were consumed not only by higher income class but also by people with average income. In addition, from 1970 to 1990, fast foods consumption tended to give positive trend for hamburgers and pizza.
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+1 # Waodo Eti 2017-02-07 02:04
Good, I can understand your writing, and your writing is the only one I can understand!
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-4 # Amrit Bayh 2015-08-09 03:22
In the line graph fast food consumption is given in GM, but in answer report, you write in tones. Could you explain me this? If it is wrong, then you should correct it.
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+2 # Nima 2015-07-14 08:56
The provided graphs show the amount of money spent and consumption trends per week for fast foods in Britain from 1970 to 1990.

The provided bar chart divided salary of people into 3 sections namely high, average and low income for consumption hamburger, fish& chips and pizza. According to illustration, hamburger is eaten more than 40%, 30% and 15% for high, average and low-income classes respectively. This meal was eaten less than 50 Pence per Person in 1970 and gradually these amounts were swelled up monotonously and passed from 100 lines until 1985 but it rose up close to 300 in 1990. In other kinds of food, fish& chips have the lowest attraction among the high-income class with 17% but people who had low income is more than other enthusiastic to it and for the last group, this achieve 25%. This food was a better condition in 1970 for the hamburger with 90 pence per person and its value increased slowly until 1980 but it rocketed from 150 in 1980 reached to 500 in 1990. In the last meal type, pizza has 18%, 12% and 7% for high, average and low-income people respectively. The trends show this meal was very popular in 1970 and that declined steadily and reached to 200 in 1990.

In summary, the hamburger was most consumed meal among people who have high and average income but low-income class people were very enthusiastic to eat fish& chips more than other food items. The given illustration shows that ‘fish& chips’ was bestselling food in 1990.
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0 # Ray 2017-01-03 08:18
You have forgotten to mention 'LINE GRAPH' in your writing...
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0 # Latifah 2015-06-29 15:26
Is it correct to use the term (line chart)?
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2015-07-01 01:54
Dear Latifah, line graph and line chart are both correct. For clarification visit the Wikipedia page @ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Line_chart
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0 # Meenu Vaid 2015-06-18 03:42
I think for task 1, we have 150-180 word limit and it crosses the word limit...
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0 # IELTS Mentor 2015-06-18 10:58
There is a minimum word limit for the task 1 which is 150 words. There is no maximum word limit for this task. However, it is recommended that you should write less than 200 words.
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-1 # Happy 2015-06-12 08:37
Very good.
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+16 # Khurram 2014-12-03 05:29
Salam, in Bar Graph it is written 'Pence per person ' and in the line graph, it is written fast food in grammes. While in explanation, you are reporting thousands and tonnes. In dictionary pence means penny. Kindly correct me if I am wrong.
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+1 # IELTS Mentor 2015-08-09 23:03
Dear Khurram, you are correct and that was a mistake that we have corrected. Thanks a lot.
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