Academic IELTS Writing task 1 Sample 26 - Expenditure on Health & Education, UAE as percentage of GDP and Infant mortality and life expectancy

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Column Graph + Line Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graphs below show the Expenditure on Health & Education, UAE as percentages of GDP and Infant mortality and life expectancy.

Write a report for a university lecturer describing the information below.

» Write at least 150 words.

Expenditure on Health & Education, UAE as percentages of GDP

Infant mortality and life expectancy - UAE

Model Answer 1:
The bar graph indicates the expenditure ratio of the UAE government in education and healthcare between 1985 and 1993, whereas the line graph compares life expectancy and infant mortality rate in the UAE in 1970 with that of 1992. Overall, UAE administrator spent more ratio of their budget on education than they did on health care. The improvement Emiratis achieved to prevent child death cases was remarkable.

As the bar chart suggests, the UAE administration spent one-tenth of their GDP in the health sector in 1985 and their spending on public health was roughly 2% lower than that. After 5 years, 14% of GDP went on education which was almost double than the expenditure in health division. Interestingly, the UAE authority spent less ratio of their GDP in public health in 1990 than they did in 1985 but it went up to 10% in 1993. The funds for education went as high as nearly 15% in 1993.

The line graph delineates that Emiratis people’s life expectancy was 60 years in 1970 and it was extended to just over 70 years after two decades. Infant mortality rate, on the other hand, was quite high in 1970 (70 child death in every thousand) and it improved significantly during 22 years when it went as low as 20 per thousand.

Sample Answer 2:
The graphs show the ratio of GDP spent on health and education sectors in the UAE from 1985 to 1993 and it also presents the infant mortality and life expectancy rates of this country from 1970 to 1992.

According to the bar chart, the UAE administrator spent around 8% on health care and 10% on the education of their total GDP. After 5 years, the expenditure on health decreased slightly while the expenditure on education increased by 4%. Finally, in 1993, the amount spent on both sectors grew and reached to 10% of GDP on healthcare and over 14% on education.

As depicted in the line graph, the life expectancy in the UAE was 60 years in 1970 while the infant mortality rate was 70 per thousand. After 22 years, both of these conditions improved and the life expectancy extended to 71 years while the infant mortality rate declined to 20 per thousand.

In summary, the UAE's budget for health and education sector increased over the period and as a result, the infant mortality rate reduced and the life expectancy improved. 

(Approximately 181 words)  (This model answer can be followed as an example of a very good answer. However, please note that this is just one example out of many possible approaches.)


Model Answer 3:
The bar graph compares the UAE government’s expenditures on health and education sectors in three different years with a 5 years gap while the line graph shows the infant mortality rate and citizens' life expectancy from 1970 to 1992. As is evident, the UAE government spent more on healthcare and education in 1990 than they did in the past while citizens’ life expectancy enhanced along with declining the infant mortality rate.

As is given in the diagrams, the UAE government spent less than 8% of their GDP on healthcare in 1985 and just 10% on education. After 5 years, the spending on healthcare decreased slightly but increased dramatically in the education sector. In the final year, both sectors got priority and the spending on health sector increased to 10% while it was about 15% of the GDP in education.

The line graph represents that the percentage of spending in the UAE had a direct impact on their citizens’ life expectancy and infant's mortality rate. While the life expectancy in the UAE was just 60 years in 1970, it increased to over 70 in 1992. On the other hand, the infant mortality rate decreased to just 20% in 1992 from the astonishing 70% in 1970.

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+2 # Sara 2016-05-23 06:46
What do GDP and UAE mean???
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+4 # Kyle 2016-05-24 02:10
Hi Sara,
GDP stands for 'Gross Domestic Product' and more details on GDP could be found at

UAE, United Arab Emirates, a country located in Arabian Peninsula. The capital of UAE is Abu Dhabi.
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+7 # Nima 2015-07-28 05:19
The given graphs compare expenditure on health and education in the UAE according to GDP percentages and also the Infant mortality and life expectancy in that sphere between 1985-1993 and 1970-1992 respectively.

As is presented as a census of perusal in the provided graph, expenditure base on GDP percent initially was 10% and less than 8% for education and health respectively in 1985, but in 1990 this amount was decreased for health unfortunately and received to 7% and education took-off noticeably to more than 14% in 1990. In 1993 this diminution trend was changed for health and it increased to 10% but the additive scenario with lower intensity continued for education and reach to 15% almost in 1993. On the other hand, in 1970 life expectancy was 60 and 70 percent in 1970 and 1992 respectively. Infant mortality percent started with 70% in1970 but after that fell rapidly and reached to nadir amount 20% in 1992.

In summary, the proportion of infant death in 1000 birth dropped remarkably to 50% in 22 years but life expectancy increased to 10% in this duration. Expenditures on health and education decreased from 1985 until 1993.
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+1 # Qadeer Hassan 2016-04-05 22:31
Good job Nima, thanks.
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