IELTS graph 267 - Growth in the population in largest cities

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Bar Chart + Table + Line Graph:

» You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the growth in the population in some of the world’s largest cities as well as the population distribution in urban and rural areas.

Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Population in millions

Population in Five cities

Top 5 biggest cities by population (millions)

IELTS Table Data - Top five cities with highest population

World population in billions

Population in Rural and Urban area

Sample Answer:
The bar graph compares the populace in five metropolitan areas in different years while the table outlines the top five cities with the highest population in the world. Finally, the line graph compares urban and rural population distribution from 1980 to 2010. Generally speaking, the population growth in Bombay and Jakarta was faster than that of other cities and Tokyo city had the highest citizens in 2010. Moreover, a higher number of people started living in urban areas than rural areas after 2005.

According to the bar graph, more than 15 million people lived in Tokyo in 1970 and that was higher than that of New York and Shanghai. Population in Bombay was one-third than the population in Tokyo this year and Jakarta had 2.5 million people, the least among the given cities. The population in Tokyo increased to 27.6 million in 2010 and this was the city with the highest population. However, population growth in Bombay and Jakarta, almost 5.5 times, was higher than any other city listed.          

The table data shows that New York was the biggest city in the world in terms of its population in 1950 with exactly 12.5 million people. London and Tokyo stood at the second and third position in this list while Moscow with its 5.3 million people was in 5th position. In 2010, Tokyo became the biggest city for its population and interesting Bombay occupied the second position in this list with 26.6 million people, though it was nowhere on the top-five-list in 1950.

Finally, the line graph reveals that 3 billion people dwelled in rural areas in 1980 while less than 2 billion in cities. In 2010, the number of city-living-residents upsurged to over 4 billion while it was slightly over 3 billion for rural people.

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