IELTS graph 270 - How much money is spent in the budget by the UAE
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IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Pie Chart:
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The chart below shows how much money is spent in the budget on different sectors by the UAE government in 2000.
Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
You should write at least 150 words.
Where the money goes
Sample Answer 1:
The pie chart shows the national expenditure of the United Arab Emirates government in 2000. Generally speaking, the UAE government had a budget of over 300 billion AED and the highest portion of this budget was spent on social security and health & social services.
As is given in the diagram, the UAE government spent more than 300 billion AED in ten different sectors in 2000. Social security for the citizens cost the highest budget and it was exactly 100 billion AED. Health and personal social services, on the other hand, required more than 50 billion and this was the second largest budget money allocation for the UAE government in 2000. The UAE authority used 38 billion for education, 17 billion for law and order and 13 billion for job, industry and agriculture. Defence sector cost them 22 billion which was slightly lower than the debt interests the government paid in this year. Housing, heritage and environment got 15 billion which was nearly the same as it was allocated for law and order. Finally, 9 billion was spent on the transportation sector and 23 million for other sectors which are not specifically mentioned in the chart.
Model Answer 2:
The pie chart illustrates the national expenditure of the United Arab Emirates in 2000. Generally speaking, the UAE government spent over 300 billion United Arab Emirates Dirham (AED) on different sectors in this year and the highest proportion of this expenditure went on ensuring the social security of citizens.
To maintain the social soundness, the UAE government spent 100 billion AED, the highest, whilst, the transportation system received only 9 billion, the lowest budget allocation in this year. Besides, healthcare and personal social services demanded over 50 billion AED which was even higher than the cumulative budget allocation for the education and defence sectors in the UAE in 2000.
The industrial, agricultural and employment sector received 13 billion AED which was 4 billion fewer than the national budget for the law and order sector. Moreover, the government contributed 23 billion in debt interest and 15 billion for the housing, heritage and environment sectors. All other expenditure summed up at 23 billion and it is obvious that the government paid overhead to ensure social security compared to other aspects of the country.
[Written by - Navdeep Kaur]
The pie chart illustrates the proportion of money that the UAE government spent on ten various sectors in 2000. As it is observed, the United Arab Emirates disbursed the highest sum of money on social security and the lowest on transportation.
It is clear from the data that the UAE government’s expenditure, except for debt interest and other expenditures that were not mentioned, was not proportional in all categories. The highest amount, 100 billion AED, was allocated to social security while transportation seemed the be the most negligible sector because UAE paid it 9 million AED, which was significantly less compared to the remained categories.
However, the UAE authority dispensed a consistent sum on health and personal social services amounting to 53 billion AED and 13 AED million fewer for the education sector. On the contrary, the state did not spend a consistent quantity as well as on law, housing and industry sectors. The public spending on the latter sectors was lower than defence but not as low as the transport sector.
Overall, the UAE government spent the highest budget on social security whereas the lowest budget was on transportation.
As shown in the chart, more than 300 billion AED was used in ten different sectors in 2000 by the UAE government. And the highest priority was given to social security with 100 billion AED. They spent worth 53 billion on health and personal social services which was the second largest proportion. The UAE authority distributed the same budget amount of 23 billion AED in both debt interest and other expenditures.
Moreover, the lowest proportion of the budget was allotted to the transport sector which was only 3 billion AED. The 3rd most focused sector was the education sector, for which the government spent 38 billion AED followed by debt interest and other expenditures for which the government allotted 23 billion AED each. For the safety of their country, the government spent 22 billion AED on the defence sector. Finally, a small proportion of the budget was allotted to law and order and industry, agriculture and employment which was 17 billion AED and 13 billion AED respectively.
In general, the UAE government spent the most portion of its budget on social security and health and personal social services.
In the year 2000, the UAE government spent over 300 billion AED in 10 different sectors. They spent 100 billion AED, the highest for any sector, on social security. It was nearly one-third of the total budget this year. This was followed by health and personal social services with a cost of about 53 billion AED. The third highest budget expenditure was on education at 38 billion AED. Moreover, about a quarter of a billion AED were allocated to debt interest, defence and other expenditures respectively. Comparatively a small portion of the budget was allocated to housing, heritage and environment and industry, agriculture and employment and law and order at 15, 13 and 17 billion AED respectively. Meanwhile, the government spent the least on transportation at 9 billion AED.
The highest budget spent was on social security which received 100 billion AED. The transport sector received the lowest portion of the budget and constituted just 9 billion AED. The UAE government, this year, used 17 billion for law and order, 38 billion for Education, 13 billion for industry agriculture and employment, 22 billion for defence, 23 billion for debt interest, 15 billion for housing heritage and environment, 53 billion for health and personal social services, and the remaining amount (23 billion AED) on other expenditure.
Hence, as per the UAE government's budget allocation in the year 2000, social security received the highest amount of money followed by transport and health & personal social services.
The government spent more than half of the total budget on social security and health and personal social services which were 100 billion AED and 53 billion AED respectively. The lowest proportion of budget was allotted to the transport sector which was only 3 billion AED. The 3rd most focused sector was the education sector for which the government spent 38 billion AED followed by debt interest and other expenditures for which the government allotted 23 billion AED each. For the safety of their country, the government spent 22 billion AED on the defence sector. Finally, a small proportion of the budget was allotted to law and order and industry, agriculture and employment which was 17 billion AED and 13 billion AED respectively.
We can say that the main focus of the UAE government was on social security and health and personal social services in its budget for the year 2000.
As can be seen, the total budget of the UAE government was over 300 billion AED in 2000, and the highest proportion of this budget was spent on social security.
The UAE government spent more than 300 billion AED in the year 2000 and out of it 100 billion was allocated for social security. The second-highest proportion of this budget was spent on health and personal social services - which was around 53 billion AED. Moreover, the government of the UAE decided to give a good proportion of the budget to the education sector which amounted to around 38 billion AED. The Government also took care of the industry and agriculture sector as it disbursed 13 billion AED for this sector. Besides, the authority decided to spend a 22 billion AED budget for Defence. For other expenditures, the UAE government paid about 22 billion AED.
As illustrated, the UAE government has allocated the budget in their local currency for the term 2000, and as it is evident that more than 50% of the budget was allocated to sectors namely social security, health, social service and education amounting to 100 billion, 53 billion and 38 billion AED respectively. These were the most focused sectors in the UAE government for the year 2000 followed by defence at 22 billion, debt interest and miscellanies at 23 billion AED each. The remaining sector which received 15 per cent of the total budget money had been allocated 15 billion for housing, 9 billion for transportation, and lastly, heritage at 17 billion AED.
Overall, the UAE government primarily focused on the security of its citizens considering the other factors followed by health and education.
The pie chart illustrates the allocation of budgets to ten government sectors in 2000 in the United Arab Emirates.
Overall, most of the expenditure went to the Social Security sector. On the other hand, the least portion of the national budget was assigned to the transport sector this year.
The given data reveals that the Social Security division was allotted 100 billion AED by the UAE administration in the year 2000. Moreover, 53 billion AED was handed over to Health and Personal Social Services. The government used 38 billion for Education, 23 billion for Debt Interest and other expenditures of the country, and 22 billion for their National defense department.
A slightly smaller budget was allotted to Law and Order division as well as to Housing Heritage and environment which is 17 billion and 15 billion respectively. For the country's Agriculture, employment and industry, 13 billion of the monetary funds were donated for the people of the UAE. Finally, the least amount of money was designated to the Transport division, 9 billion AED in the same year.
As is observed, the sector with the largest expenditure share was social security, to which AED 100 billion of the national budget was allocated. This was followed by expense on health and personal social services which used well over half of the social security budget. The combined budget for both sectors accounted for about half of the UAE expenditure in the fiscal year. Education spending came in third with a budget of AED 38 billion. Expenses on defense, debt interest and other items were within the comparable range of AED 22 to 23 billion each, bringing forth a combined budget of AED 60 billion.
The remaining budget for the fiscal year was allocated to socio-economic sectors: law and order; housing, heritage and environment; industry, agriculture and employment; and transport. Spending for these sectors exceeded the amount for health and personal social services by exactly AED 1 billion.
The pie chart clearly shows that the United Arab Emirates officials spent almost 50% of their budget to enhance their citizens' social security and health and personal social services in 2000 whereas the remaining portion of the budget they spent on other six areas for their betterment. Moreover, the UAE ministry spent a decent amount on education and debt interest systems which are 38 and 23 billion AED respectively. They also spent 22 billion AED on defence systems for their improvement and maintenance which is slightly less than the debt interest.
On the other hand, they burnt out the minimum budget percentage on transport, housing, heritage and the environment sectors which is 24 billion AED all together and this amount is somewhat close to other expenditure.
In details, the social security sector alone received 100 billion AED, which was the highest amongst all the budget amount for all the sectors. The social security budget money consisted of almost one-third of the total budget. It was followed by health and services, which received 53 billion AED this year. Education got 38 billion AED which was the third-highest, and defence got 22 billion AED which was less than what UAE spent on their debt.
Moreover, transportation and housing received the least in terms of budget amount, which were 9 billion and 15 billion AED respectively. Lastly, the UAE spent 23 billion AED on other expenditures which were not specified in the chart given.
Social security received 100 billion AED, which was the highest amongst all the sectors and consisted of almost one-third of the total budget in the year 2000. It was followed by health and services, which received 53 billion AED. Besides, the education sector got 38 billion AED which was the third-highest. And finally, the defence sector received 22 billion AED, which was less than what the UAE spent on their debt.
Transportation and housing sectors received the least in terms of budget, which were 9 billion and 15 billion AED respectively. Lastly, the UAE spent 23 billion AED on other expenditures which are not specified in the chart.
According to the diagram, social security accounted for roughly 30 per cent of spending, standing at 100 billion AED. At the same time, 53 billion AED was allocated to provide personal supports, while the expenditure on education was one billion larger than the combined amount on defence (22 billion) and housing, heritage & environment (15 billion).
Moreover, spending on transport was 9 billion AED while maintaining law and order required 17 billion AED. The industry, agriculture and employment were distributed an amount of money equaling to the average of the two previously mentioned. And finally, it is worth noticing that the debt interest sector received a similar amount to that of other expenditure that was not mentioned in the given chart.
Overall, there was a remarkable contrast in the expenditures in different sectors. Social security, healthcare, and education were the three major heads, followed by defense and debt interest. Housing, industry & agriculture, law, and transport attracted the least funding.
In the UAE in 2000, social security, with 110 billion budget money, took the lions share, which was followed by healthcare, with 53 billion budget. Education sector received 38 billion which was in the third position with regard to overall budget allocation. These three heads constituted more than half of the total budget.
It is worth noticing that almost an equal amount (nearly 22 billion) was spent on defense, debt, and other sectors. Similarly, housing, industry, and law also got equal funding- 15 and 17 billion respectively. The least sum was spent on transportation, only 9 billion AED.
Overall, the highest amount of money was spent to ensure social security whereas the lowest money was allocated to the transport sector by the Government of the United Arab Emirates.
According to the chart, 100 billion AED was incurred on social security out of 300 Billion total budget in 2000. This reflects that the primary focus of the UAE government was social security. On the other hand, 53 billion AED (17%) were allocated on medical and personal welfare, which was the second-highest spending this year.
Further, education sector received the third largest allocation of money where the UAE authority distributed 38 billion AED (12.5%) in the year 2000, while 23 billion AED (7%) was disbursed on each on paying interest on borrowed fund and other ancillary expenses.
Besides, the government incurred 15 billion AED (5%) on taking care of housing sector, old heritage properties and environment whereas 13 billion AED (4%) was portioned on developing industries, agriculture and providing employment avenues to people of UAE. Lastly, 9 billion AED (3%) was allocated to develop transport facilities, and that was the lowest proportion of spending among all the national expenditure areas.
Comparing the two largest national expenses of the UAE government, it is noticeable that while the government has invested more than a quarter of the total yearly budget on social security, the health and social services received around half of that amount. The third-largest part, the education department
received 38 billion AED, which was around a third of the social security expenses. These three main segments took over half of the total financial budget of the year.
For the rest of the budget, the government put an almost equal amount on defence, debt interest and other expenditures, which amounted to 22 billion, and 23 for the other two respectively. Besides, the other three sectors that received relatively less financial support included law and order, industry and employment, and housing and environment, which had a similar amount of allocation of 12, 15 and 13 billion consecutively. Last but not least, the lowest budget that the government put is for the transport sector, which received 9 billion AED.
As can be seen from the pie chart, the obvious winner here is social security spending, accounting for 100 billion AED, which constituted more than a quarter of the whole budget in this year. Around half of these expenses went to health and personal social services (53b AED) while education stood at a relatively moderate 38 billion expense.
However, slightly more than half of the budget was constituted only by three articles, the trend was largely reversed for the other halves as there we could get an indication of a great number of sectors with small budgets. Debt interest, Defense and "Other expenditure" stood at approximately 22 billion each, with 'Housing, heritage and environment' and 'Law and order' showing 15 and 17 billion, respectively. The UAE government spent the least on industrial and transportation purposes, both of which made less than 15b in the state's budget.
All in all, the United Arab Emirates spent the most on society per se, investing in social security, healthcare and education while environmental, industrial and transportation issues seemed to gain less focus in the budget in terms of spending this year.
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As can be observed, the highest amount of money was spent on social security while the lowest for the transportation sector with a figure of 9 million AED.
The government of the UAE spent more than 300 billion AED in the year 2000 and almost one-third of it was utilised for the sake of citizens' social security. Only 9 million, the least for any sector, was disbursed for transportation while more than 50 billion was allocated to ensure better health and personal social services. Law and order demanded 17 billion AED while expenditure in education sector amounted for 38 billion which is more than double than the budget of housing and environment. Besides, the UAE government allocated 22 billion as debt interest in this year while 11 billion less than that was spent on national security. Finally, job, industrialisati on and agriculture combinedly grabbed 13 billion from the United Arab Emirates national fund in 2000.
As the data suggests, the highest expenditure was made for social services like security and health & personal services, which was almost 50% of the total expenditure by the UAE government in the year 2000. The budget for education was 38 billion AED which was nearly double than the defence expenditure of that year. Besides, housing, heritage and environment sector received 15 billion AED while industry, agriculture and employment subsidiary was 13 billion AED. The UAE authority spent 17 billion AED on law and order while it paid 23 billion as a debt interest in the same year. Finally, the transportation sector received the lowest portion of the budget which amounted only 9 billion.
According to the pie chart, it is clearly seen that the total money spent on social security (AED 100 billion), health and personal services (AED 53 billion) and transportation (AED 9 billion) was more than half of the total budget in the UAE in 2000. Another significant spending went on education, which amounted AED 38 billion in this year. In addition to this, the budget for industrial, agriculture and employment demanded AED 13 billion while law and order required AED 17 billion AED. The UAE government allocated 22 billion for national defence and one billion higher than that for settling debt interests. Finally, housing, heritage and environment-related expenditures for the UAE government in 2000 were AED 15 billion.
In general, three sectors received the most funding from the UAE government, namely: social security, health and personal social services, and education. On the other hand, the lowest funding sectors were: Transport, housing, heritage and environment, and Industry, agriculture and employment.
Social security clearly received the largest portion of the budget this year, AED 100 billion, and this figure accounted for about a third of the whole UAE government's spending which was approximately AED 300 billion. In second place was health and personal social services with 47 billion less than social security. Furthermore, the education sector got about a tenth of the national budget which accounted for 38 billion. The transport sector got the lowest ratio of the budget with just AED 9 billion, which was 4 billion lower than industry, agriculture and employment sector. While housing, heritage, and environment sectors' budgets were AED 6 billion more than the transport, making it the third lowest.
As the data suggests, the UAE administration had a budget over 300 billion AED of which 100 billion went on social security of the citizens. Health and personal social services necessitated more than 50 billion while an additional 17 billion was disbursed for law and order. Then the debt interest obligated the authority 23 billion which was just one billion higher than that of the national defence budget. Besides, the education budget was 38 billion and that was almost three times higher than that of agriculture, employment and industrial sectors' cost but still, it was significantly lower than that of social security costs. Finally, housing and environment sector were allocated 15 billion AED and the rest of the sectors received 23 billion AED in 2000.