IELTS graph 300 - Consumption of three spreads from 1981 to 2007

IELTS Academic Writing Task 1/ Graph Writing - Line Graph:

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The graph below shows the daily consumption of three spreads per person from 1981 to 2007 in a country.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

You should write at least 150 words.

Consumption of three spreads from 1981 to 2007


Sample Answer 1:
The consumption of margarine, butter and low-fat spreads in a country from 1981 to 2007 is compared in the line chart. The daily per person ingesting is measured in grams. It is apparent that low fat & reduced spread had been in use from 1996 but soon it became the most preferred spread type in this country.

As the data suggests, butter was the most consumed spread type in 1981 with slightly over 140-gram daily intakes.  Consumption of margarine in this year was just below 100 grams. After 5 years, the use of butter rose while it actually decreased for margarine. But both of their daily consumption intersected in 1991 as the demand for margarine remained steady till 1996 at which point butter consumption dripped as low as 65 grams per person. The use of butter steadily declined after 1986. The 'low fat and reduced spread' was introduced in 1996 and it soon became the most consumed spread type with a sharp rise in its use. In 2001, the demand for the latter spread reached as high as 80 grams while the other two spreads were losing their demand. Finally, in 2007, people consumed around 70 grams low fat and reduced spread, and consumptions of butter and margarine were around 45 and 40 grams consecutively at that time.


Model Answer 2:
The line graph compares per day consumption of three different spreads - 'margarine', 'low fat & reduced spreads', and 'butter' in a country between 1981 and 2007. Daily per person consumption has been measured in grams.

Overall, the consumption of all spreads declined significantly from 1981 to 2007 with the exception of low fat & reduced spreads.

Looking into detail, butter was the most preferred spread with 141 grams per day per person consumption in 1981. Consumption of margarine and low fat & reduced spreads was 99 grams and just 10 grams, respectively, in the same year. While the consumption of butter and dropped remarkably afterwards, people started to consume less amount of margarine as well. However, the intake of low fat and reduced spreads increased drastically and reached the peak of 80 grams in 2001, and became the most consumed spread in 2007.

The consumption of butter and margarine decreased dramatically over a period of 28 years. In details, butter’s consumption rose steadily and touched a high of 170 grams per capita in 1986, but after that, it decreased continuously and reached nearly 55 grams by 2007. Similarly, margarine showed the same trend with some fluctuations, decreasing from 100 grams to 80 grams between 1979 and 2007.

[Written by - Vicky]

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Nguyen Thuong Vu
The given line chart displays the changes in daily consumption of margarine, butter and low-fat and reduced spreads of a country in a 16-year period.

Overall, it is observed that the usage of the latter type of spread rose as the two others saw a decline throughout the years. More specific information will be summarized below.

To begin with, the diagram suggests that in 1981, an average person ate approximately 140 grams of butter every day while the figure for margarine was almost 100 grams.

16 years later, however, both had a dramatic decrease to become 50 and 40 grams per person consumption, respectively. Interestingly, the data also points out that from 1992 to the early 2000s, consumption of margarine was higher than that of butter, as the former had a steadier figure while the other dipped continuously at the same time.

In sharp contrast, it was only in 1996 that low-fat and reduced spreads were introduced. As can be seen, only 10 grams was consumed per person per day this year. However, there was a surge when the amount became eight times as much in 2001. Despite a slight decrease in the following years, low-fat and reduced spreads were eaten the most by the end of the period. Compared with 50 grams of butter and 40 grams of margarine daily per person, the amount of low-fat and reduced spreads was 70 grams.