IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 243 - The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for the poor in undeveloped countries but also for industrialised and developing nations.

Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.

You should write at least 250 words.

Sample Answer 1:
For the past few decades, planet earth is observing a significant rise in world population which is very alarming. Substantial increase in population is also causing problems in growing countries. This essay will explain some of the problems caused by overpopulation and will recommend few possible remedies to overcome this issue.

The very first problem caused by overpopulation is in providing basic necessities of life to inhabitants. Governments find it very hard to provide adequate food and water to residents, provide quality educational services and faces problems in facilitating proper health services both in urban and rural areas. For instance, in India, more than 70% people lives below the poverty line. Moreover, overpopulation destroys the ecosystem of the society.
Another cause due to the increase in population is that governments and administrators of the emergent countries fail to arrange proper public services. This includes logistics, mass transit system, power generation and arranging housing facilities for people in overcrowded cities. For instance, people in Pakistan are facing crisis in the energy sector and public transport system due to overpopulation. This also gives rise to unemployment which results in increased crime rate.
There are few remedies to over this acute problem. One of them is through having awareness programs for families to control birth rate. For instance, family health workers in Sindh created a huge impact in rural areas by educating families about the issues caused by overpopulation. Government should also put in place strong policies and high tax rate on families having more than two children
To conclude, overpopulation causes problem in health, academic and other public services domain and place a huge burden on the government. If the problem continues to grow without having proper control of it, many more people will die due to starvation in poor countries and life in growing countries will become increasingly difficult.
[ Written by - Tauseef Raza ]

Sample Answer 2:
Today’s world faces an immense explosion of population. In most countries, the population has been increased alarmingly. Increased population is a serious problem not only in poor or developing countries but also in developed countries. Our resources are limited. So overpopulation can cause problems like starvation, unemployment, etc.

In poor countries where the economy is not strong enough to feed all the people, overpopulation causes starvation. More land is required to provide accommodation to the people. Thus the land available for farming is used for accommodation purpose. Generally, in poor countries, technological development is less. Due to less land available for farming, starvation comes often in this type of countries. The government is not capable enough that can provide a quality education to all the children. Thus it leads to unemployment.   

In developing and rich countries where most of the cities have become crowded, the government faces a great challenge of providing good public services. Health services have become very poor, especially in developing countries due to overpopulation. Water, electricity and other resources are limited available. The crime rate is increasing due to unemployment. Land available in big cities is very expensive. Common or middle-class people are not capable of buying houses.

There can be two possible solutions for the problem of overpopulation. The government must provide education to the people to limit the size of the family. Women, who are pregnant and do not want to give birth, should be allowed to have an abortion. The government can form some revolutionary rule like ‘one child’ policy. People having more than one child should be punished by not providing public services.

As a conclusion, I will say overpopulation is a serious issue and must need great attention to overcome.  

[ Written by - Ashish Nimavat ]

Sample Answer 3:
Our world is experimenting massive increase in population and thereby not only well-developed countries suffer from this overpopulation. Despite governments are trying to solve this issue, population increases year by year. This causes huge problems in all of the countries like scarcity of foods, unemployment, crowded cities, increased crime and  so on. Educating people would be the best possible solution to tackle this problem.

The most common problem of overpopulation is that people cannot find jobs. Thereby, people cannot get the opportunity to work, because that country is overflooded with population and there is the scarcity of employment. And, also, crowded cities are not attractive and there persists a lot of noise that is very annoying. For this reason, this may lead to depression in the tourism of cities. Also, increasing in the population is inversely proportional to the development level of the country. And this might have enormous effects on government politically. The food crisis, growth in crime rates, noise and air pollution, housing problem all emerge only because of the increased population.

In spite of these issues, governments have solutions to cope. Even, there are some regulations that are dedicated to solve this problem. For instance, overpopulated countries have such legislation which prohibits 2 and more children per family. Educating people and building an educated nation is the only solution to this heinous problem. Until the citizens become educated and understand the effects of having more family members in their family and in the country, other measures that the government take would be valueless.  

In conclusion, the countries who are suffering from this problem should take proper initiative and measurement for solutions to fight against it. And politics and the government have vital roles to play on this occasion along with the awareness among the citizens.

[ Written by - Eldar Rehimli ]

Sample Answer 4:
The world population is increasing day by day. Every country wants to have a resounding number of population. However, this type of arranged enhancement can damage the government because the existence of more people means the coexistence of more demanding and complex issues.

This problem concerns all the undeveloped and developed countries across the world. In undeveloped countries, the situation is worse. Because in addition to overcrowding the financial budget is not sufficient to aid people and at the same time food, healthcare, education, sanitation and other shortages are incredibly widespread. In these countries, the poor underlie the society therefore the community cannot help itself.

The condition in industrialised and developing countries does not differ in great amounts. The financial aids of the governments cannot afford society's significant part. And also in developed countries, the rich, unfortunately, are not always generous enough. Consequently, the government cannot manage to provide famine relief and accommodations for all the people who are in need of it. In this case, overpopulation causes the economics of the country to depression. And that is a thing which no countries want it. The unemployment is in its highest rate and the economic inflation made the lifestyle harder even in developed countries and overpopulation is one of the main reasons for that.

Because of that, some overpopulated countries such as China and India realise some prevention policies. The government constraints having children more than an estimated number. By this way, the government can impose some punishments for not crossing the limit of having children and can control the increasing of the population. The regulation of increasing of the population can be a solution to the overpopulation issue.

[ Written by - Elruz Rehimi ]


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Joyce Tan
Hi, Tutor, Do I overwrite the long essay? I am thinking how to summarise my essay often.
Joyce Tan
Essay Topic: The world is experiencing a dramatic increase in population. This is causing problems not only for the poor in undeveloped countries but also for industrialised and developing nations.Describe some of the problems that overpopulation causes, and suggest at least one possible solution.Sample Answer: The burgeoning of the population has become aggravated in many undeveloped and developing nations. This overpopulation affects people's living standard in respect of quality education, job opportunities, income and others. Therefore, some countries have started implementing a number of policies to control this. I will examine a couple of problems and few measures in the following paragraphs.To begin with, the main consequence of overpopulation in undeveloped countries is poverty. Most of the people are living with a low income and even cannot afford basic necessities likes food, accommodation, education and medical treatments. Thus, starvation and malnutrition because of inadequate food supply, epidemic health diseases with insufficient medical facilities provided, the unstructured educational system and so on affect the society and the next generation children's qualification in the society. This phenomenon has influenced the nation's economy as a government's inability to accommodate all people as a whole. Besides, high competitiveness and overcrowd in developing countries have arisen due to the increased population. It directly affects job seekers to compete extensively to get a job. This leads to increasing unemployment rate, crime cases arose, employees’ strike due to low job opportunities. Furthermore, overcrowd in an area results in high living cost including skyrocketed property value, costly education fee and others. This is stressful for lower class citizens to make a living. To address the overpopulation issue, social and national initiatives should be in place. Limiting the size of a family could be a good solution and the government must take actions to implement this policy. For example, China has a family planning program that allows only one child in a family and it has proven quite effective so far and has been proven by the figure of decreases population these years. Educating people about the negative consequences of having more children could be another effective solution. In conclusion, overpopulation is perhaps even more pressing issue than the global warming and practical initiatives must be in place to control the world population.