IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 400 - The gap between rich and poor is becoming wider
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
The gap between the rich and the poor is becoming wider; the rich are becoming richer, and the poor are getting even poorer. What problems can the situation cause? What can be done to reduce this gap?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge and experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Sample Answer 1:
There is no doubt that the gap present clearly today between the poor and the rich is getting wider by time and is affecting our way of life.
That was only observed in the past in some communities where the wealth of a country was restricted to a few powerful and connected people. They used to own more than eighty percent of the resources and income, while the rest is barely enough for the common people. Nowadays, the difference is significant but not limited to the societies finest. Society is divided into groups, the rich, the poor and the few managing to enjoy some of the rich benefits but struggling to keep this level, they are bouncing between the limits of each of the other groups.
As a result of today's situation, a broadband of the poor are striving to get a fair share of prosperity with no actual hope, the fabric of the society is getting weaker and therefore each group is more colonised to itself forming new habits and customs. Bridging this gap can only be done if equality was achieved in basic needs like education and healthcare. If acceptable ease was managed for the common people in their daily routines like public transportations and business facilities, that would also be helpful. There must be transparent laws to manage the use of wealth and the equality of sharing it and monitor any possible corruption. The sense of equal opportunity has to be delivered and believed by all people.
Briefly, no community can prosper and evolve safely unless the gaps are bridged between people in all aspects giving a fair chance to everyone to live in comfort if they worked reasonably hard to achieve it.
[ by - Mohamed Shokry ]
Sample Answer 2:
The amount of income of people is always an important topic in social sciences. The equilibrium of society depends on how this income is shared among the people. Sadly, with the start of the 1950s, the gap between poor and rich has become wider and nowadays this gap has reached its peak point.
The reason for this situation is the structure of our business system we have constructed over years. This economic model is called ‘Capitalism’. Needless to say, the word Capitalism is the derivative of Capital and obliviously, one who has capital has the chance to improve his business and obtain welfare. On the other hand, poor guys are less likely to build a business because of the absence of capital. One of the ugliest results of this system is that this system makes people simply greedy. The community has started to think true happiness can be reached only with more money. Another problem we face in this system is consumerism which means to have a good stable mood it is obligatory to consume more and more. In future, if this economic model preserves itself, it can lead to anarchy which may result in disasters and deaths of many innocents.
To improve our lives, to beat this endless unhappiness, we should teach our children the importance of social justice. This problem is not going to be solved in the following several years. In the long run, we should change the way how we understand life. We must alter the roots and dynamics of our community. Nevertheless, we should preserve our hope because human beings had solved much more difficult problems in history. There is a great number of people who are aware of this problem.
A modern social and economic structure should be formed to address this issue. The government policy to help the poor should be more emphasised and education in a country should be free so that poor people can make their children educated. This educational opportunity can play a huge role to mitigate this eminent gap.
In conclusion, the social and economic formation and revolutionary changed in current capitalism is required to eliminate the gap between the poor and rich. More than three-fourth of wealth is owned by only 15% of the total population in the world. This is an unfair distribution and if not addressed carefully would only create chaos in the future.
[ by - Mümin Ozpolat ]
Sample Answer 3:
It is true that nowadays the difference between the wealthy and the poor is increasing: the wealth is growing, while the poor are going deeper into debts.
We must acknowledge that life for some categories of the population is extremely hard. It does not mean that they are people who have never worked in life or those with anti-social behaviour like drug or alcohol addicted. I read in "Gold Coast Bulletin" that 700 households in Queensland had been disconnected from electricity in the past 3 months because they had not been able to pay the bills. It is true that it is more complicated for these citizens to survive and adapt, as the cost of living is unreasonably high.
On the other hand, 1% of Earth’s population owns as much money as the rest 99%, which is absolutely unfair. I doubt that all of them have inherited their wealth or have been working hard for decades. The names of the two wealthiest families –the Rothschilds and the Rockefellers are known to everybody. The ways of getting such enormous sums are not always legal, but society prefers to ignore such facts.
Moreover, these people do not only live in multi-million mansions, drive luxurious cars, eat in sophisticated restaurants, but they constantly show off their money, which many people find offensive and irritating. Instead of spending a fortune on useless things, why are not they involved in charity more? If they have billions of dollars and do not know what else to purchase to attract others' attention, why do not share half of their wealth? They will not become poorer, while the lives of less lucky ones can be transformed, and these people can at least get a chance. The whole society would benefit because of that as the crime level would descend.
Overall, the gap between the rich and the poor is becoming more dramatic, if the Governments do not take immediate actions, it is going to grow in future as well.
[ by - Helen Dmytriieva ]
Sample Answer 4:
The economic differences in society create inequality among people. The differences between rich people and poor people’s income are increasing in recent years. The reason for them can be classified into improper government policies and the individual's talents.
Tax policies introduced by the governments are favourable for the high net worth people to evade the tax. For instance, entrepreneurs have different tax slabs that make them avail tax exemptions like, opening an office in a special economy zone can result in good savings and an increase in profit. However, we cannot discount the individual talents in making enormous profits.
Talent is something that can be acquired by experience or inherited from the family. There are several startup companies created by talented individuals who make it to the rich people category in a matter of a few years. In addition, there are few interesting people from the wealthy segment who use their talents to bridge the income gap between the rich and poor.
For example, companies like Microsoft and Google are spending hard-earned money for the betterment of society by investing in child education and infrastructure. If all the organisations and the individuals spend a fraction of their enormous income on the country's infrastructure, education and economic growth, then there are bright chances to fill in the gap of the income difference.
I firmly believe that rich people spending the money on improving the lifestyle of poor people and better government tax policies will increase the chances of closing the income difference between the rich and poor.
[ by - Muthuraman ]
Sample Answer 5:
It is true that nowadays rich people are getting even richer and poor people have become poorer especially in developing countries. This situation has presented a wide variety of problems to the community and it has negatively affected a country's developments. To tackle these problems I believe that governments and authorities should take necessary steps and implement laws to improve the living standards of financially poor people.
To begin with, studies have shown that poverty and crimes are correlated owing to the fact that people are committing crimes for earning a living. Furthermore, children's of poorer parents are often not able to access higher education even they may have talents in their studies. As a result, they are not hired for a wealthy job. This means that probably they will live their lives under uncomfortable circumstances and poverty. That will present uncertainty in one country. Moreover, the public health of one country would deteriorate if people in one country are living in extreme poverty.
To tackle these worrying concerns governments should need to do more works to minimising the gap between poorer people and richer people. Firstly, governments should provide financial support for people who are living under uncomfortable financial circumstances. Secondly, governments should ensure the quality of education for all of their citizens. That will definitely help to reduce the poverty as well as increasing the living standards of financially poor families. Finally, developed countries should take more responsibility and efforts to eradicate poverty from the world. These efforts already have been seen in some African countries and that have helped many people to increase their living standards.
To conclude I believe that we as a human everyone has rights to get access to education and quality life. In addition, education is the most useful weapon to fight against poverty. In this sense, governments should ensure the quality of education for all of their citizens. That will certainly help to reduce the gap between richer and poorer people.
[ by - Shijoy Dsilva]
Sample Answer 6:
In this day and age, the gap between affluent and destitute is becoming increasingly wider. This surging wave of differences among people leads to some problems, which are elucidated below. However, these are not insurmountable problem if the government takes some suitable measure.
The most significant problem is that the rent of crime will increase because in wretched families both parents should work outdoor and cannot pay enough attention to their children. As a result, these kids will grow up in an improper way and almost all of them are serious dangers for society in the future. In addition, these poor families always think that wealthy families spoil their rights and so they want to revenge with theft or harshness from them.
The next problem in this situation is that illiteracy will be common since the needy cannot afford the cost of education. Therefore, their future becomes blurred as they do not get a quality education. This deprivation (lack of education) causes their tendency to lawlessness and violence to become more common.
While the problems mention above, there are some solutions that can be taken to reduce the problems. Firstly, governments should impose a heavy tax on affluent persons and spend these gain money for improving the destitute lives. Also, governments can prepare the facilities of education, free of charge for poor children.
In conclusion, today it is apparent that the gap between poor and wealthy is dramatic. However, this situation should not ignore, because it creates some serious such as a surging rate of crime and illiteracy. The government can reduce this gap with some proper measures by taking prudent decisions.
[ by - Sanaz Golmakani]
What problems can the situation cause? What can be done to reduce this gap?
In many countries, the wealth and income gap between the rich and poor is ever increasing and that is shown through numerous studies. This situation has presented a wide variety of problems to the community, including increasing crimes that negatively affect national development. To tackle these problems, I believe that the government should take some necessary steps and implement laws to improve the living standards of poor people.
To begin with, studies have shown that poverty and crimes are correlated owing to the fact that people often commit crimes for their lack of financial ability. The children from destitute parents can not afford education. As a result, they will have no stable job and will live in poverty as their parents did. These people often get into crimes to meet their needs. Moreover, public health in the country would deteriorate if people there live in poverty. For example, some states in my country have extreme poverty and public health in such states is worse.
Moving ahead, to tackle these problems the government should provide financial supports to the people who are struggling with financial difficulties. Furthermore, the authority should offer free education to all poor children. Additionally, the government should focus on creating jobs so that people can live a decent earning and do not get involved in petty crimes like theft and robbery.
To conclude, I believe that as a human each one has the right to access education and lead a quality life. The government and concerned authorities should ensure and provide a quality of education to all the citizens under financial hindrance which is a powerful tool that can fight against poverty and will certainly help to reduce the gap between rich and poor people.