IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 456 - The best way to solve traffic and pollution problems

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
What other measures do you think might be effective?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Sample Answer 1: (Agreement)
Over the last century, our cities faced unprecedented growth of traffic congestion and as a result of this, we encounter a litany of environmental pollutions. Some experts believe that the rising cost of petrol is the best way to tackle these problems. I firmly believe that there is a defensible basis for this argument. In this essay, some other possible solutions will be elaborated.

The proponents of this view claim that recent studies have shown that due to increasing the price of petrol, the user of this energy has dramatically decreased. As a result of this, the wide demand for petrol has slumped. The key point to justify this attitude could be illustrated by a tangible example. Our country “Iran” has a high reputation for having oil resources. Consequently, the price of petrol was not justified by comparison with another country. To cut a long story short, after applying this idea in cities, the evidence has shown most of the people turn to some Alternatives instead of the use of a private car. For example, by the time went on, the rising price of petrol has caused majority the people use much more public transportation rather than the past.

Alternatively, there are other possible solutions to address this issue. First and foremost, governments should give special care to renewable energy such as water, wind, solar energy and etc. Also, they should encourage people to use public transportation such as electric tram, metro, bus and etc. Last but not least, we should own up to the fact that we need cultural reconstruction about the true understanding of the energy crisis on our planet.

In conclusion, from what has been discussed above, increasing the price of petrol can be an effective factor to reduce consumption of this energy, at least in my country. Serious measures should be taken by government and individuals as a duty for solving these problems. Also, the government must assume responsibility, stop passing the bulk and settle down the effective laws to control this issue. Finally, it is absolutely imperative we should not try to be wise after the events.

[ by - Reza Paziresh ]


Sample Answer 2: (Disagreement)
It is considered that increasing the price of petrol is one of the most important ways to curb escalating traffic and pollution problems. However, in my opinion, I completely believe that using other sustainable sources of energy like solar, wind and hydro will immensely help to tackle such issues.

On the one hand, there are people who think that increasing the price of petrol will reduce its use and, thus, decrease rising traffic congestions and pollutions. However, in spite of increased petrol price people will continue to use it as there are no other viable options available to run vehicles. Hence, it will not bring much change in solving growing traffic issues and pollutions. In fact, due to the increase in petrol price cost of goods may increase because of an increase in transportation costs, creating detrimental effects on the economy.

On the other hand,  if more sustainable energy like solar power, wind power, and hydropower are utilised to run vehicles and factories, there will be less emission of harmful gases like carbon mono oxide and CFC which contributes increasing air pollution considerably. In addition, using solar power to run public vehicles would result in cheap fare. This will encourage people to travel through eco-friendly cheap trams, trains and buses.

To conclude, increasing the price of petrol is not the best way to resolve the growing traffic congestions and pollutions. Thus, an effective way to control the aforementioned issues would be to use other renewable sources of energy in the public transport system which can significantly bring down traffic and pollution problems.

[ by - Vikash Singtan ]


Sample Answer 3: (Agreement)

Traffic and pollution have been being two major concerns worldwide lately. Several solutions have been proposed to deal with these problems, improving the price of petrol for example. However, whether or not it is effective is debatable. Yet, I personally agree with proposing a more expensive price of petrol to reduce traffic and pollution based on demanding point of view.

To begin with, a classic economic theory clearly argues that the higher the price, the lower the demanding of a product and reversely. By increasing the price of petrol, more people may be more aware of using the vehicle considerably since they need to pay more to fill the tank. This idea can lead to a systematic approach to reducing traffic and air problem through declining possibilities of people to buy fuel needed to run their vehicle and this may result in reducing the number of transportation tool subsequently. For instance, Whitehorse city has imposed the expensive price of fuel and gas which influences the number of vehicles operating and as a result, it comes up as the cleanest air city of the world.

Meanwhile, the other way to overcome traffic and pollution is by optimising public transportation. A good system of public vehicles accomplished by better infrastructure may be delightful to everyone and can attract individuals to use public transportation more often than their own vehicles. This idea certainly can minimise the amount of traffic and pollution as well. Mass rapid train in China and Japan, for example, sophisticated transport and well-managed train schedule have successfully brought up these countries in lessening traffic problem.

All in all, a wide range of solutions is available to help cope with traffic and pollution problem. Improving fuel price and public transportations are true as proposed solutions.

[ by - Linda ]


Model Answer 4: (Agreement)

Traffic congestion and pollution are two pressing issues all over the world. As the majority of cars and bikes are petrol driven, elevating petrol price can reduce their numbers on the roads, and as a result, help control traffic congestions and pollution to a great extent, I believe.

Unlike the past, when only rich people could afford automobiles, a majority of car and motorbike owners, these days, are from middle-class families. Therefore, a higher fuel cost will affect their budget, and many of them might opt-out using petroleum driven cars. Such surge in prices will increase the demand for public transportations which is by far the most efficient way to pull out the pollution and traffic jam problems.

Moreover, such a price hike will make eco-friendly automobiles popular. For instance, electric cars, or CNG or LPG driven vehicles can become a viable option for consumers. Although it cannot reduce traffic problems, it can reduce pollutions effectively.

Other solutions can also be considered instead of upscaling petroleum price only. To begin with, the government can implement policies to restrict the number of cars per family can own, and also offer subsidies to citizens to purchase electric cars.
An odd-even approach can be implemented by states where number plates ending with odd numbers can use some roads during rush hours while cars with even number plates can run on other streets. Besides, citizens should change their mindset and help the authority in curbing traffic jams and pollutions.

To conclude, increasing petrol price will open the doors for alternative options which can, directly and indirectly, combat both traffic and pollution problems. The government should make sure the petrol price does not hike the price of other necessary commodities.

[Written by - Patrick; email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.]


Sample Answer 5: (Partial Agreement)
It is considered by many that increasing the price of fuel is one of the most effective methods to curb escalating traffic congestion and pollution problems. I somewhat agree with this proposition, and I will explain my point of view as well as suggest some measures that could have a huge impact on this matter.

On the one hand, there is no doubt about the uncontrolled growing traffics and pollutions as a consequence of rapidly growing cars on the streets. So in order to solve these issues, we need to take steps to control the number of vehicles that run on the streets every day. And increasing the fuel price seems like a great solution. This will also make people think about using alternative energy sources which cause no harm to the environment. One good example here is the use of hybrid cars instead of gasoline dependent ones. However, rising petrol price will make it exclusive for wealthy people and thus poor population will not be able to afford to use petroleum products. This will increase the prices of daily commodities.

Then, turning to other possible solutions than to increase petrol price, which are effective in facing the velocity of traffic flows and pollution; one of these could be setting new restrictions in relation to daily or weekly fuel consumption. For example, determining particular days to use petroleum-driven cars and utilizing other options which are environmental friendly could be a great step. Another solution could be educating people about the importance of saving our environment and the consequences of pollution using multiple advertising media. For instance, through newspapers, the government should encourage people to use non-petroleum items to drive cars.

In conclusion, elevating petrol prices is one of the ways to slow down the pace of growing traffic and its problems related to pollutions despite its negative effects on poor people of society. Alternative ways, which are equally or more effective than increasing fuel price, should be considered to curb these issues.

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Rating 3.99 (46 Votes)

Angga Cool
Nowadays, there is an ongoing debate about the best solution to traffic congestion and pollution-related problems. Some argue that increasing the price of fuel is the best way to tackle it while others have different opinions. This essay takes an intermediate position through some considerations.

I personally believe that gasoline prices should be increased to tackle the ever-increasing traffic and pollution issues. A large number of vehicles that runs on the streets contributes to traffic jam and as well as pollution. Moreover, most of the car owners on the road are wealthy. So the petrol price does not matter to them in most cases. The rocketed price of petroleum means less use of personal vehicles, especially for middle-class car owners. Improving public transportation, on the other hand, would bring more or less, direct or indirect, better transportation facilities for all. So, instead of increasing the fuel price only, the authority should put more emphasis on enhancing the public transportation facilities.

I also believe that this solution must be accompanied by other attempts such as providing higher quality and quantity in public transportations . People need mobilisation as well as they need food and housing. So the government should see these as a basic need for their service. For instance, the security of commuters is important. They want to be secure so government should provide security officers in appropriate numbers that could lead to convenience in reaching their destinations. They also need enough vehicles with short-scheduled arrivals so they will not come late to attend their meetings, for instance. Finally, there should be an improvement in the quality of roads as well as the stations. As a result, more people will start using public transport rather than private cars and it would reduce traffic and pollution problems to a great extent.

To conclude, pushing the price of oil up is a good idea to deal with the traffic congestion problems, but enhancing public transport facilities is also required in that case.

Thilini Shani
Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
What other measures do you think might be effective?

It is undeniable that nowadays tremendous growth of vehicles has become a major issue for traffic and air pollution. Considering this, some analysts insist that increasing the price of petrol could be the best way to solve the traffic congestion. However, I staunchly disagree with the recommendation due to some notable reasons. I will also recommend a better solution to curb the issues.

It is true to some extent that a higher petrol price is a way to solve growing traffic congestion in the short run. It could be a significant factor to deter people from purchasing more cars and thus reduce the pollution problems and traffic congestion. Further, people who use private vehicles should bear higher fuel costs to travel. Therefore, they will be forced to use their cars as less as possible or use public transport in many cases.

However, a higher petrol price would also mean that all prices of consumer goods would also rise sharply. For example, food, clothes, fruits, medicine and important necessities would become most costly due to increasing petrol prices. So a far better and more practical solution to curb the traffic issue is to enhance public transport. If they are made available and have superior quality, many would take public transport rather than drive a car. Moreover, more scientific research should be done to invent and produce eco-friendly cars that would rely on electricity and solar power rather than fuels. It would solve the pollution problem to a great extent and the result would be lasting and significant.

In conclusion, a higher petrol price has a short-term impact on improving the traffic jam and pollution problems. So we need better public transport and eco-friendly vehicles as a lasting and practical solution.

One of the proposed solutions to reduce traffic and pollution is increasing the fuel price. However, there are so many other options to solve those problems by using carpooling and eco-friendly vehicles. I am against increasing fuel prices to solve such problems.

Nowadays, in the city areas, the traffic and pollution (sound and air) are increasing day by day. One of the main reasons is the increasing number of vehicles. But we can reduce those problems by imposing different taxes on vehicle imports and ownership. For instance, in the context of reducing the number of private vehicle users, the Nepalese government has imposed more than double tax on imported vehicles. This step was taken so that vehicle prices automatic go high and people use public transportation rather than owning private cars. Likewise, the government also can reduce public vehicle fares to attract people for using public vehicles instead of private ones. The government also can use "odd and even numbers" rules in vehicles. This way the vehicular movement will be automatically reduced to half than it is now. We can also encourage people to use carpooling while travelling to schools, colleges, and work. If the movement of vehicles is low, then the traffic problem will be manageable and the noise and air pollution will automatically decrease. Finally, the government also can encourage people to use electric vehicles to solve pollution.

On the other hand, if the price of petrol increases, it will affect transportation costs. If the transportation cost is higher, then the price of goods will automatically increase. It will directly affect ordinary people and the overall economy of the country.

To conclude, increasing petrol price to reduce growing traffic and pollution could be effective to a tiny extent but it is ineffective in the long run. So that we can use other options to get rid of the problem.

Mr. Ali

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Islam Mohd Ali Hamadeh
Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
What other measures do you think might be effective?

Governments seek different strategies to lower the traffic congestion and some claim that imposing more taxes on fuel prices might be the best solution as it would lead to fewer cars on roads and fewer emissions as a result. However, I do not agree with the proposition as I believe that raising awareness about the environment in addition to improving the infrastructure can have better results in lowering the traffic rate; hence, carbon dioxide emissions.

To start with, citizens generally do not like the power exercise that some governments use to change the ways citizens behave toward a certain issue. The governments are supposed to be comprised of people that are elected and who stand side by side with citizens. Therefore, the decisions taken toward national issues should be agreed upon and should lead to the benefit of everyone. Increasing fuel prices to lower the density of traffic is not a rational decision; almost everyone is leaving their houses for work and they will keep their schedule no matter what happens. Thus, it is better to enhance the infrastructure to absorb the increasing number of vehicles.

The opponents of this claim express that raising the fuel price might direct some to switch to public transportations instead of their private cars. In my opinion, those, who have already invested in buying a car, will not easily take such decisions. Besides, many car owners have children to be dropped and picked up from schools; using public means is not practical nor convenient for them.

Moreover, governments, through awareness campaigns, can promote the use of more sustainable alternatives as means for transportations , such as electric or hybrid cars. These kinds of solutions cost less for society. They can also lower the tax on these cars. and increase the tax tokens on petrol-usage cars. In this way, people will not feel that the government is personally targeting their pockets.

In conclusion, it is everyone’s responsibility to look for sustainable solutions to lower air pollutions and reduce traffic jam. Governments should take a friendly role to spread awareness and develop roads and highways so that they can support more cars. Finally, electric and hybrid cars should be promoted.

Sagar Asmani
Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve the growing traffic and pollution problems.

To what extent do you agree or disagree with the statement?
What other measures do you think might be effective?

Nowadays, traffic congestion is a major problem all over the world. Many nations have raised fuel prices to avoid bad traffic as well as air pollution as it discourages people to use private vehicles. There are other ways to reduce traffic and pollutions as well.

First and foremost, increasing fuel price, without a doubt, discourage many people from owning and using their own cars as it becomes expensive. It means fewer vehicles on the roads and less traffic congestion. But the impact of increasing petrol and diesel prices also grows the price of basic commodities. This affects the lifestyle and purchasing capacity of middle and underprivileged people. For instance, essential items such as fruits, vegetables, medicines, rice, and even sometimes water are transported from one place to another through various transportation systems and they become costlier due to increased fuel price. Also, commuting becomes expensive due to fare hike in public transports.

Another way to reduce traffic and pollution is that the government has to provide an efficient number of public transportation like buses, trains and enhance their facilities. The authority has to encourage people to use public transports instead of using private cars. Secondly, infrastructures like flyovers, bridges should be built to manage the traffic, especially in developing countries. Next, a carpooling system is also a better way to decrease traffic. Last but not least, the government has to enact some rules and regulations such as even and odd method to reduce traffic problems.

To conclude, a hike in fuel prices can not be a good approach to control traffic congestion. Rather the government should take other initiatives like enhancing public transports and enacting other methods to bring the best possible results.

Good essays.
IELTS Essay: Increasing the price of petrol is the best way to solve growing traffic and pollution problems.To what extent do you agree or disagree with the above statement?What other measures do you think might be effective? Sample Answer: One of the most concerning issues in the modern world is the global warming phenomenon and many people associate this issue with the overwhelming number of cars. As a solution, a group of people propose that the government should increase the fuel cost in order to reduce air pollution and traffic congestion. To some extent, I agree with this idea and I also believe that along with this step, some other measures that can be taken into consideration. On the one side of the argument, I believe that the main reason for increasing air and environmental pollution throughout the world is the exhaust of fumes from vehicles. By increasing the petrol price, a government can discourage people to purchase cars and use public transports. In addition, petrol is a non-renewable energy source and its stock is limited. That is why it should be used for industrial development, not for people's pleasure rides. On the other hand, I believe that the government take many other measures instead of raising the petrol price. Firstly, educating people about devastating impacts of global warming and persuade them to decline the use of fossil fuels. Secondly, the government should invest in renewable energy sources. For example, Germany spends a great deal of money and resources on solar energy, a clean renewable energy, and that has dramatically plunged their air pollution rate. In conclusion, I opine that the authority should raise the petrol price for the sake of our environment and then educate people about the destructive outcomes of global warming. A portion of the national budget for green energy has already been proven effective and we should follow in this footstep.
Abhijeet Singh
I want to learn more about reading and writing task 1 & 2 both. Can you please help me to solve this matter?
Nur Anesi
Traffic congestion and pollution have become two inevitable problems in the big cities around the world. Therefore, some claim that increasing petrol price will be the best way to tackle these issues. Personally, I believe that better solutions are there to cope with these problems. To begin with, some experts and environmentalis ts believe that raising the oil price will have a positive effect in dealing with traffic jam and environmental damages as people will less frequently use their private cars and think twice before purchasing a new car. Ultimately many middle-class families will rely on public transportation rather than owning cars. Nonetheless, industries, public transportation, factories etc. mostly use fuel and increasing the price would increase the price of necessary commodities and that would have a very negative consequence. Besides, alternative energy, such as water power, wind power, solar and bio-energy powers are yet to be embraced by the mass people as they are expensive. Hence, increasing the petrol price is not the best solution to tackle pollution and traffic congestion problems. Regarding better solutions, the government ought to provide new technology in vehicles for using renewable energy. More research should be done on making green energy more powerful and useful for mass people. Then, improving the public transportation could be another good solution to solve traffic problems. In addition, the government should improve the infrastructure of roads and railways, public stations and also, introduce latest trains and buses. All in all, increasing the petrol price will not reduce traffic jams and environmental problems and would create some more complex issues. On the other hand, new technology, use of renewable and green energy and improved public transportation will be more efficient solutions to cope these issues.
Sohan Lal
It's a good way to improve our thinking and ideas.