IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 532 - Which types of workers benefit from early retirement
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IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Some people think that having a set retirement age (e.g. 65 years) for everybody, regardless of occupation, is unfair. They believe that certain workers deserve to retire and receive a pension at an earlier age.
Do you agree or disagree?
Which types of workers do you think should benefit from early retirement?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
You should write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
Fixed retirement age is a hotly debated issue, and people's opinions are often split when it comes to the right age to part from work. When some recommend a fixed retirement age, which, according to them, is a win-win proposition both for employees and employers, others believe in early retirement facilities. I accord with the latter point of view.
It is undeniable that setting different retirement age for different professions is complex to manage for the government, and it would create discontent among many. That is why a state-wise fixed retirement age is in place in most countries in the world. It not only ensures fairness and equality but maintains the ratio of young and experienced workers' proportion in most sectors.
However, forcing employees to work till a fixed age, like until 65 or 70, is an archaic method that has more demerits than merits. Moreover, letting employee retire early can create job opportunities for fresh-graduates, and this will have a positive impact on the unemployment issue. For instance, many Europeans leave their job before they turn to 60, and as a result, youngsters get job opportunities.
Finally, when people are given free will to retire early, they work more enthusiastically and contribute more to the company they work for. They can also contribute to the local economy by setting up small businesses afterwards which also creates job vacancies. Some retirees travel the world and contribute to tourism industries. So I believe that professionals like architects, nurses, technicians, politicians, military personnel, journalists and teachers should be given choices to retire early. This way, they could enjoy their free time after a career filled with hard work, and can also contribute to the economy and tourism industry.
In conclusion, early retirement options can be beneficial in a tremendous way for the government, employers and employees. It could be a type of appreciation for the great effort of those workers who can fulfil their job objectives pretty accurately during their service years.
Sample Answer 2:
Retirement age is a controversial issue and having a single policy for all professionals is not practical according to many. While some people think that a pre-set retirement age would be helpful both for the government and the citizens, others, often disagree. This essay delves into this issue and gives a brief description of what type of workers would be benefitted from early retirement.
To start with, 65 years as the retirement age seems quite acceptable to many. This is the age when a person becomes physically weak and want to enjoy life without taking extra pressure on the occupation. Moreover, this ensures that the government can plan the retirement scheme for the retirees properly and does not face any problem to support those senior citizens who retired from their jobs.
However, this is not the case in all professions and that is why many disagree with the set departure age. They also say that some professionals should have the freedom to leave their jobs early and enjoy the benefits of early retirements. They express their view on the ground that 65 years is too late and some particular employees who want to enjoy their post-retirement years by travelling or doing something on their own. For instance, many employees dream to travel to different parts of the world after their retirements and if they wait till 65, it becomes physically more challenging. Moreover, people who are in professions like teaching, politics and research have things to contribute even after they are 60. But this is not the case in many professions and they should be given the chance to take early retirements and create opportunities for the new. For instance, an IT professional might want to leave a full-time job when he is 45 and start his own company. If he is forced to work in a company till 65, he would never be able to fulfil his dream and a young graduate would not be able to find a job.
Getting back to the question, who would get advantages from early retirement, I think there are many professionals who can do so. First of all, any doctor can retire from his job and start a private clinic to serve more people at a convenient time. Similarly, the engineers and technicians can leave their job at around 40 and start their own business, travel the world and get involved in innovative works. I think anyone who has a better plan that continuing job after 45 should be able to do so.
To conclude, a set evacuation age is helpful for certain mediocre professions but not for the people who have their own dreams and plans. The government should consider to let employees take early retirement to give chances to the fresh graduates and to let the aged people achieve their aspirations.
[Written by Millan]
The answer is not relevant to the question. The question is which type of workers should benefit from early retirement. It is not who will be benefited from early retirement of the workers.Then how can we write?