IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 576 - Medical service should not be run by profit-making companies

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Present a written argument to an educated reader with no specialist knowledge of the following topic:

Some people think that good health is a basic human need, so the medical service should not be run by profit-making companies.

To what extent do you agree or disagree?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
In contemporary society, the provision of medical services plays a pivotal role in addressing the fundamental human need for good health. However, there is an ongoing debate regarding the involvement of profit-making companies in running medical services. This essay will discuss the perspective that good health is a basic human need, and therefore, medical services should not be driven by profit-making motives.

One compelling reason to support the notion that medical services should not be run by profit-making companies is the importance of ensuring equitable access to healthcare. When profit becomes the driving force, there is a risk of compromising the accessibility of medical services, especially for vulnerable populations with limited financial resources. For example, in countries where profit-making companies dominate the healthcare sector, individuals from low-income backgrounds may face substantial financial barriers to receiving essential treatments or accessing preventive care. This disparity can exacerbate existing health inequalities and lead to a society where only those who can afford premium healthcare services receive the necessary treatment.

Another significant argument against profit-making companies running medical services is the potential shift in focus from patient well-being to financial gains. In a profit-oriented system, there is a risk of treatments and services being driven by profitability rather than patient needs. For instance, pharmaceutical companies may prioritize the development and marketing of drugs that are more profitable but not necessarily the most effective or beneficial for patients. This profit-driven approach can undermine the quality of care and compromise patient outcomes.

In conclusion, the argument that good health is a basic human need and should not be driven by profit-making companies in the provision of medical services holds substantial merit. Ensuring equitable access to healthcare and maintaining a patient-centred approach are crucial considerations in healthcare delivery. By prioritizing the well-being of individuals over financial gains, healthcare systems can strive for a more equitable and compassionate approach.


Sample Answer 2:
Good healthcare service is a fundamental need for every citizen in a country. But when this sector is run by money-making private organisations, they become too expensive for the poor and the middle class. This is why, I agree with the notion that medical services should not be run by for-profit private organizations.

First, when health service is run and controlled by money-making private companies, the healthcare sector then turns into a profitable business sector. Those private organisations’ main objective is to make money, and thus only rich citizens can pay for their treatment. Since the government does not have any control over the treatment facilities of these hospitals and healthcare centres, they charge people as much as they like. Thus they make the overall healthcare system expensive in a country.

Second, private healthcare centres are often accused of overcharging and wrong treatment, and yet they are not punished for the misdeed they conduct. Many people opine that private healthcare centres and hospitals are far neater and clean and have more qualified doctors. However, those doctors should be serving in public hospitals instead of making money somewhere else. Thus the professional ethics of doctors are ruined by their practice in private hospitals. Furthermore, the government collects a huge amount of tax from its citizens and should be obliged to provide health care services to people for free rather than letting private hospitals loot people.

In conclusion, the amount the private healthcare service providers charge for treatment is outrageous, and mass people cannot afford that. The government should ensure proper healthcare facilities for all of its citizens and quality public healthcare service is a better solution than allowing private companies to control this important sector whose sole objective is to make profits.

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Hospitals are meant to serve and cure people, but sadly these have turned into profit-oriented businesses. Because of this, there is strong opposition to let a hospital's owner or director businessman. This essay analyses the merits and demerits of private ownership and control of a hospital. To begin with, private organisations can take quick decision to start a new hospital or improve an existing one without any bureaucratic complexities. For instance, the establishment of a government medical college hospital in India is a sophisticated process and it may take several years for the process of land acquisition. In contrast, private institutions can accelerate this process remarkably. Secondly, advanced technology and proper maintenance in private hospitals are better than that of public hospitals. Amrita Institute in Kerala is a typical example of a hospital for maintaining international standards. Thirdly, in private hospitals, hiring procedure is transparent and talented professionals work there.In contrast, because of the astonishing treatment cost in private hospitals, deprived people cannot afford the necessary treatments. Recent newspaper reports about the death of a tribe child due to the mentality of the authority in a private hospital - reluctance to provide emergency medical services, illustrate the seriousness. In addition, they consider profit more important than the charity work. Clearly, most of the private hospitals consider the hospital as a business organisation, and their major aim is to make money. Concisely, private hospitals torch the downtrodden both mentally and economically.To conclude, even though there are some drawbacks in the functioning of private health centres, it serves the community to a greater extent. In my opinion, the advantages of private hospitals are more important and with proper government guidance and legal regulations, disadvantages of private health care centres can be mitigated.