IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 583 - Government should ensure the healthy lifestyle of people

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Some people think that the government should ensure the healthy lifestyle of people. However, others argue that it should be decided by individuals and it is their responsibility.

Discuss both these views and give your own opinion.

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.


Model Answer 1:
While some argue that the government should play a significant role in promoting and safeguarding public health, others contend that individuals should have the freedom to make their own choices regarding their lifestyle. This essay will explore both perspectives, arguing in favour of the view that it is a personal choice and responsibility.

Those who advocate for the government's involvement in ensuring a healthy lifestyle argue that it is a matter of public welfare. They believe that the government has a duty to protect the health of its citizens by implementing policies and regulations that promote healthy practices. For instance, the government can enforce regulations on food labelling and advertising, impose taxes on unhealthy products, and provide subsidies for nutritious foods. By taking such measures, the government can create an environment that supports healthy choices and reduces the prevalence of unhealthy behaviours.

On the other hand, proponents of individual responsibility argue that personal choices and self-determination should dictate one's lifestyle. They believe that individuals should have the freedom to make choices regarding their health, as it is a matter of personal autonomy. They argue that individuals are better equipped to understand their own needs, preferences, and circumstances, and should be responsible for managing their own health. By promoting personal responsibility, individuals can be motivated to educate themselves, adopt healthier habits, and make informed decisions about their well-being.

In my opinion, it is ultimately the responsibility of individuals to prioritize and maintain a healthy lifestyle. While the government can provide support and resources through education, public campaigns, and access to healthcare services, it is important to preserve individual freedom and autonomy. Individuals should be empowered to make choices based on their unique circumstances, cultural backgrounds, and personal preferences.

To conclude, while some argue that the government should play a more active role in ensuring a healthy lifestyle for its citizens, I believe that personal choice and individual responsibility should take precedence. By allowing individuals to make their own decisions regarding their health and well-being, we promote personal freedom, autonomy, and accountability.


Model Answer 2:
According to some, a healthy lifestyle is a personal choice, and this should be determined by individuals. Others, however, believe that the government should ensure a healthy lifestyle for all citizens. This essay will discuss both these perspectives. Personally, I believe that a healthy lifestyle is a choice that should be made by each individual while the government of a country should guarantee proper healthcare services and facilities that promote public health.

On the one hand, if an individual has the determination to lead a healthy life, she would need little help from the state. A healthy lifestyle is a choice. The government can make sure better healthcare, exercise and entertainment facilities throughout the country but if someone does not develop the habit of leading a healthy life, the government can do very little about it. Interestingly, this is a choice we can make regardless of our social, educational and economic status. For instance, a rich man might live an unhealthy lifestyle while someone with very little earnings can decide to live a healthy lifestyle.

On the other hand, there is no denying that a government also has an important role to play to ensure a better lifestyle for its citizens. For instance, in countries where the government fails to ensure proper education, health care facilities, recreation and economic development, people usually follow an unhealthy lifestyle there. Some important laws and policies like mandatory vaccination, carbon emission, and drug control can determine the extent of people’s healthy lifestyles. Thus it is true that government policy and initiatives help citizens to have a better lifestyle.

Considering both viewpoints, I would like to conclude that the healthy lifestyle of citizens in a country is a combination of individual choice and government initiatives. Thus I feel that each person should choose a healthy lifestyle while the government of a country should ensure proper facilities to make it easier for citizens.

Sample Answer 3:
With the increasing dependency on technology, demanding jobs and a busy lifestyle, people, nowadays, tend to invest less time in maintaining a salubrious lifestyle. However, a person can bring about many changes in their lifestyle to lead a better and healthy life as it is a personal choice. The government, on top of that, has an equal role to play in making policies and laws to highlight important health issues to bring public attention.

On the one hand, people's yearning for a better lifestyle is a driving force in self-motivation and encouragement to lead a positive, active and healthy life. To substantiate this, if someone decides to lead a sedentary lifestyle, it becomes harder for her to stay focused on a healthy track. But, if they adopt a healthful lifestyle, it keeps them determined and dedicated to their fitness goals. Personal choices in daily life make a big difference in keeping us healthy regardless of our profession, economic condition and age. For example, people who decide to maintain personal hygiene and a balanced diet are 60% less prone to get ill from common diseases than their counterparts who ignore basic hygiene.

On the other hand, the government can bring significant changes by implementing many action plans and promoting awareness campaigns for a healthy lifestyle. Local authorities may encourage many people to take up outdoor activities and sports by establishing and maintaining health and sports centres in the community. Through awareness programmes about salutary food and diet, they can change a great proportion of the community. Furthermore, lifestyle-related health campaigns could be promoted to shift people's interest in considering healthy lifestyle options. Schools in Japan, for instance, are funded by food and health authorities to encourage their pupils to participate in various physical activities such as sports and gymnastics. This has a significant contribution towards improving public health. 

To conclude, both the government and citizens should play a collaborative role in choosing, implementing and encouraging many healthier options to bring about a major improvement in public health and their lifestyles.

[Written by - Puninder Kaur]

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