IELTS Writing Task 2/ Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Essay # 586 - Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Write about the following topic:

Many developing countries are currently expanding their tourist industries.

Why is this the case?
Is it a positive or a negative development?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer 1:

In recent years, many developing countries have been actively promoting and expanding their tourist industries. This essay explores the reasons behind this trend and argues that it is indeed a positive development because the growth of tourism brings numerous economic, social, and cultural benefits to these nations, fostering sustainable development and improving the overall quality of life for their citizens.

One of the main reasons why developing countries are focusing on expanding their tourist industries is the potential for economic growth and development. Tourism brings in foreign exchange through visitor spending, stimulates investment in infrastructure, and creates job opportunities across various sectors. For example, the Maldives, a small island nation in South Asia, heavily relies on tourism as its primary source of revenue. The influx of tourists has resulted in the construction of resorts, the development of transportation networks, and the creation of jobs in hospitality, transportation, and entertainment industries.

This is a positive development because this economic growth helps alleviate poverty, enhance infrastructure, and improve the standard of living for local communities. Moreover, the expansion of the tourist industry in developing countries can have positive social impacts. Tourism fosters cultural exchange and understanding between visitors and local communities. It allows for the preservation and promotion of traditional arts, crafts, and customs, as tourists often seek authentic cultural experiences. For instance, countries like Peru and Cambodia have experienced a surge in tourism due to their rich cultural heritage, including ancient ruins and historical sites.

Additionally, the growth of tourism can create environmental awareness and foster sustainable practices. Developing countries often possess natural attractions such as pristine beaches, lush forests, and unique wildlife, which draw tourists seeking eco-friendly experiences. To protect these natural resources, governments and local communities are motivated to implement sustainable tourism practices, such as responsible waste management, conservation efforts, and eco-tourism initiatives.

In conclusion, the expansion of the tourist industry in developing countries is a positive development. It brings economic growth, job creation, cultural exchange, and environmental conservation.

Sample Answer 2:

Tourism is already a big industry, and this is expanding rapidly in many developing countries. Many such countries have taken extensive initiatives to expand their tourism sector, and many of them have gained enviable popularity. I believe that the reasons for developing countries to embark on this enterprise are many folds, and this is a positive development for them.

First and foremost, popularity and recognition around the world is the reason many emerging countries are improving their tourism. They know that prevalence and exposure to the world are the keys to expanding their presence and dominance in the world. For instance, Malaysia is a well-known Asian country, and the expansion of its tourism sector has established its presence on the global map.

Second, the tourism industry brings foreign money that can be used for the development of the country. For instance, developing countries like Thailand, China and Spain are earning huge foreign currency from their tourism industries. Tourism creates job opportunities for local people and gives the host country an excellent opportunity to develop its infrastructure. With these two aspects in mind, many developing countries are expanding their tourism to international visitors at a rapid speed.

I believe that, despite some negative effects, the tourism industry offers numerous benefits to a country and hence could be considered a positive development. In this era of globalisation, countries cannot shut their doors to foreigners. So the tourism industry is rapidly enhancing and a country should take advantage of it. Earning foreign remittances, creating jobs for local people, introducing unique traditions, improving the transportation system, and knowing cultural diversity are some of the quite advantages that the development of tourism can offer.

In conclusion, the main reason developing countries are extending their tourism enterprises is that they understand the immense potential and benefits this industry offers. Without any doubt, this is a positive development for those developing countries.

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I got this topic on the 13th of February 2021 exam, and I flunked it for sure:(