IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.
IELTS Essay # 592 - Nowadays we are living in a throw-away society
- Last Updated: Friday, 07 July 2023 18:45
- Written by IELTS Mentor
- Hits: 129270
IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic:
Nowadays, we are living in a throw-away society that is driven by excessive consumerism, waste and single use of products.
What are the reasons behind this development?
What could be done to address the problems associated with a throw-away society?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
Model Answer 1:
In contemporary society, the prevalence of a throw-away culture driven by excessive consumerism, waste, and the single-use mentality has become a pressing concern. This essay will delve into the reasons behind this development and explore potential solutions to address the problems associated with a throw-away society.
One prominent reason for the rise of a throw-away society is the influence of advertising and marketing. Companies employ persuasive techniques to create a culture of constant consumption, encouraging individuals to buy the latest products and discard older ones. For instance, the fashion industry promotes fast fashion trends, leading to a cycle of buying cheap clothing items and disposing of them shortly after. This culture of disposability contributes to environmental degradation and resource depletion.
Another factor fueling the throw-away mentality is the convenience and affordability of single-use products. Fast-paced lifestyles and a desire for convenience have driven the demand for disposable items such as plastic packaging, single-use cutlery, and beverage containers. These items are often used for only a short period before being discarded, leading to an overwhelming accumulation of waste. For instance, the global consumption of plastic bottles has surged, resulting in plastic pollution that harms marine life and ecosystems.
To address the problems associated with a throw-away society, several measures can be taken. Firstly, promoting sustainable consumption habits through education and awareness campaigns is crucial. By informing individuals about the environmental and social impacts of excessive consumerism, they can make more conscious choices and opt for durable and reusable products. Additionally, governments and businesses should incentivize the development and use of eco-friendly alternatives. For example, offering tax breaks or subsidies for companies producing sustainable packaging can encourage a shift towards more sustainable practices.
The rise of a throw-away society driven by excessive consumerism, waste, and single-use products has become a pressing issue in today's world. However, by promoting sustainable consumption habits, raising awareness, and incentivizing eco-friendly alternatives, we can work towards addressing the problems associated with a throw-away society.
Sample Answer 2:
Nowadays, we have adopted a modern lifestyle that is defined by over-consumption, excessive production of short-lived or disposable items, and increasing production of waste. Rapid advancements in technology, changing lifestyles for the middle class, advertisements, and globalisation are some of the main reasons which are contributing to this phenomenon. The effect of this trend is so extraordinarily negative that it will someday challenge our existence. This is why, the implementation of effective measures should be immediately taken.
Consumerism is a social and economic ideology that encourages people to acquire more products and services in an ever-increasing amount. Our materialistic lifestyle and globalisation fuel this habit and we change our cell phones, cars and other household equipment more frequently than ever. Advertising plays a major role in creating a consumerist society and we are never content with the things we have and want to acquire more than we need. Shopping is no longer a necessity and has turned out to be an activity for many. The rapid advancement of technology often forces us to buy the latest products as new products have better features than the ones we own. The rise of middle-income people globally and their desire to mimic rich people and adopt a technology-centric lifestyle are also the reasons for the increasing throw-away lifestyle.
The problems that the throw-away society and consumerism tendency create are overwhelmingly negative. This is a degradation of human morale as a massive number of poor people are starving, on one hand, millions of tonnes of food are being wasted in a few countries on the other hand. Toxic waste and chemical garbage are polluting our environment while we are remaining busy buying more electronic products. Global warming, temperature rise, and extinction of many species are just the beginning and if we fail to take effective measures to stop this heinous trend, we will be destroying our future.
Many steps should be immediately in place to address the problem created by increasing consumerism. Non-recyclable packets, bags and goods should be restricted as much as possible. Environment-friendly goods should be manufactured and used by people and plastic bags should be banned. The government's and individuals' cumulative efforts to reduce waste production and save the environment should be in place. Finally, more efforts should be taken so that products are long-lasting and have lengthier release gaps.
To conclude, our desires to have more have contributed towards the creation of a throwaway society, technological advancements, globalisation, and social and economic structure have all fueled this trend even faster. But the time has come for us to step forward and think about the future of the mother planet and take steps to revert the damage.