IELTS Essay Topics with sample answer.

IELTS Writing Task 2 Sample 592 - Nowadays we are living in a throw-away society

IELTS Writing Task 2/ IELTS Essay:

You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.

Nowadays, we are living in a throw-away society. What are its causes and what are its problems? What could be done to address this issue?

Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.

Write at least 250 words.

Model Answer:
Nowadays, we have adopted the throw-away lifestyle and over-consumption and excessive production of short-lived or disposable items is a global phenomenon which is making the condition even worse. Consumerism, rapid advancement of technology, changing lifestyle and globalisation are some of the main reasons which are contributing to this phenomenon even more. The effect of this trend is so extraordinary and deep that it will someday challenge our own existence and implementation of effective measures  should be immediately taken.  

Consumerism is a social and economic ideology that encourages people to acquire more products and services in an ever-increasing amount. Our materialistic lifestyle fuels this habit and we change our cell phones, cars and other household equipment more frequently than ever. Advertising plays a major role in creating a consumerist society and we are never contented with the things we have and want to acquire more than we need. Shopping is no longer a necessity and has turned out to be an activity for many. Thus we are producing an overwhelming amount of  wastages and a little effort has been in place to recycle many of our used items. The rapid advancement of technology often forces us to buy latest products as new products have better features than the one we own. The rise of the middle-income people globally and their desire to mimic rich people and adopt a technology centric lifestyle also the reasons for the increasing waste productions as a result of our throw-away lifestyle. Our traditional lifestyle and skills are almost gone and we want to buy everything rather than creating them. For instance, the number of people who rely on canned and packet food rather than cooking at home is a great example that shows the paradigm shift towards a busy and ready-made social lifestyle. Finally, the globalisation has immensely contributed towards our inclination to a throw-away society we are living in.

The problems that the throw-away society and consumerism tendency create are overwhelming. This is a degradation of human moral as a massive number of poor people are starving, on one hand, million tonnes of foods are being wasted in few countries on the other hand. The toxic waste and chemical garbage are polluting our environment while we are remaining busy to buy more electronic products. The global warming, temperature rise, extinction of many species are just the beginning and if we fail to take effective measures to stop this heinous trend, we will be destroying our future.  

There are many steps that should be immediately in place to address this issue. Non-recyclable packets, bags and goods should be restricted as much as possible. The environment friendly goods should be manufactured and used by people and elements like plastic bags should be totally banned. Every household wastes should be classified as recyclable and non-recyclable and recyclable waste should be used to produce new products rather than throwing them away. The government, as well as individuals' cumulative efforts to reduce the wastage production and to save the environment, should be in place.  

To conclude, no doubt our ignorance and desire to have more have contributed towards the creation of a throwaway society. Advancement of technology, globalisation, social and economic structure have all fueled this trend even faster. But the time has come for us to step forward and think about the future of the mother planet and take steps to revert the damage.

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Can we write something about superficial and naive relationships such as, in the modern era, people prefer to make short-term relationships rather than long-term commitments? They use other people for their own benefit and then separate their ways. This is the perfect example of the thrown away society.
Gusti Arviana
Nowadays, one of the main problems which are confronted by many local governments around the world is the amount of rubbish produced and the effort it takes for dumping it properly. They have used many methods to deal with this problem, but it keeps up in becoming worse day by day. Actually, the first matter that they have to do is find the main source of this issue. If they find it, they can determine the effective solution for this controversy.One of the causes of the increased rubbish production is the consumptive lifestyle of society. They love to buy goods and all that they purchase always have packages which in the end will turn into rubbish. In the other word, the more items they purchase the more rubbish they produce. In addition, by this consumptive lifestyle, they do not optimise their old things. Instead, they buy the new products and in the end, they will throw away their old things which actually can still be used, such as clothes, electronic products etc. After they purchase new clothes, they will throw away their old clothes. This is one cause of the increase in the amount of garbage. There are many methods that can be used to solve this problem. One of them is the local governments have to determine the maximum volume of rubbish that can be thrown by people every single day. If they throw-away rubbish more than the maximum volume, then they have to pay a charge. It will be a consideration for society to clean up their lifestyle by using their items that are still having in good quality. Another method to reduce the consumptive lifestyle of society is by forming some social organisations that will help the government to collect and distribute those things to people who need them. Another method that the government has to take is running the program of recycling. The governments build some places to give the people some training and teach them how to recycle the rubbish. This will help to reduce the amount of rubbish in the environment. This recycles process also gives another good effect, for example, it can help people for making money. They can sell the result of the recycling process and it will be a continued activity in the society. Thus, this matter will help the governments to reduce the rubbish volume in environment slowly.
As we are entering into a brand new era, which is full of innovations and opportunities, gone are the days when the workforce was high while the result was known. Due to all these technological advancements, throw away culture is also emerging on a greater extent. I would like to enlighten its sources and menaces in the upcoming paraphrases. The first and foremost cause which strikes my mind regarding a throwaway society is that- nowadays, people are more conscious about their fashion and remain up to date and purchased new clothes to maintain their standard. Old customs, traditions and clothes are vanishing, on the other hand. Furthermore, influences of western cultures also have bad impacts and people become laggard towards their own culture. Moving further, globalisation gives umpteen benefits but not without consequences. For instance, people now are travelling to different places for business, vacations, studies and so on and this is also making people adopt alien traditions rather than being adherent towards their own traditions. Also, the internet has introduced a plethora of new brands into the market and people thus are having access to varieties of consumer products. Everything comes with its negative effects. The problems associated with this trend are that children are becoming spendthrift and are lagging behind to learn about their own culture. Also, unique identification from clothes, languages and living style are also vanishing day by day. To address this issue, we have to aware people of these negative consequences and teach our children how to be frugal and adhere to our own custom. We have to learn to become contempt and do not purchase things that we actually already have. In an epilogue, one thing should be used in a limited manner before the time reaches to its peak. We are the architect or our own society and that is why we have the responsibility to make it better, not worse.